Factors Associated with Depression in Adult Cardiac Surgery Patients
The American Heart Association (2006) has identified cardiovascular disease as the leading cause of death in the United States for every year except 1918 since 1900. Cardiac surgery is an increasingly common method of treating this problem (Contrada, Goyal, Cather, Rafalson, Idler et al. , 2004). Researchers have found that depression is associated with serious complications related to cardiac surgery (Connemey, Shapiro, McLaughlin, Bagiella, & Sloan, 2001 ). Many researchers have identified factors associated with depression in these patients.
The purpose of this thesis was to identify and synthesize these current research findings. Studies included were published from 1997-2006 and focused on male and female patients 18 years of age and older, primarily undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG).
The synthesis of these findings includes both the factors associated with developing depression and the complications associated with depression. Common factors associated with its development included female gender, lower socioeconomic status, pessimism, and poorer cognitive and physical functioning. Complications associated with depression included decreased physical functioning, healing, and cognitive functioning, as well as increased hospital stays, readmissions, cardiac events, and mortality. The associated factors may help to identify patients at high risk for developing depression, while the complications emphasize its importance. Limitations were acknowledged and recommendations for nursing research, education, and practice are included.
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Smith, Frances B.
Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.S.N.)
College of Nursing
Dissertations, Academic -- Health and Public Affairs; Health and Public Affairs -- Dissertations, Academic
Length of Campus-only Access
Honors in the Major Thesis
Evangelista, Kimberly, "Factors Associated with Depression in Adult Cardiac Surgery Patients" (2007). HIM 1990-2015. 633.