Job satisfaction; Motivation; Psychology; Work
A new concept in motivation has recently been devised: that of work values. The Work Values Inventory (WVI) developed by Donald E. Super (1970) was used to test five hypotheses:
(1) The underlying work value structures of persons will not vary according to age;
(2) The underlying work value structures of persons will not vary according to sex;
(3) The underlying work value structures of persons will vary according to level (undergraduate, master's degree students, or post-master's degree);
(4) The underlying work value structures of college students will vary according to whether they are a psychology major or not;
(5) The underlying work value structure of college students will vary according to their major area of interest in psychology.
A factor analysis using a Promax oblique rotation was used to test these hypotheses. Work values were not found to vary according to age. Two factors were common for males and females while one was distinct for the sexes. Psychology and non-psychology majors shared one common factor while two unique factors were observed. Those with different areas of interest within the field of psychology had two factors in common while a unique third one was identified for each. The persons at the three different educational levels shared only one common factor. There was an identical factor retained for the undergraduates and the post-master's level and a similar factor for the master's. Undergraduates and master's shared a highly similar factor. The post-master's group and the master's group both had a unique factor not shared by any other group.
It was concluded that more factor analytic studies are needed on the Work Values Inventory to assess its usefulness across widely desperate occupational groups other than those included in this study.
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Shirkey, Edwin C
Master of Science (M.S.)
College of Arts and Sciences
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Hankins, Janette A., "A Factor Analytic Comparison of the Work Values of Divergent Groups" (1982). Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. 629.
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