Aerofoils -- Effect of temperature on, Aerofoils -- Fatigue, Heat -- Transmission
Uncertainty in accurately knowing applied internal heat transfer coefficients inside of a cooling passage can lead to variability in predicting low cycle fatigue life of a turbine vane or blade. Under-predicting a life value for a turbine part can have disastrous effects on the engine as a whole, and can negate efforts in innovative design for advanced cooling techniques for turbine components. Quantification of this fatigue life uncertainty utilizing a computational framework is the primary objective of this thesis. Through the use of probabilistic design methodologies a process is developed to simulate uncertainties of internal heat transfer coefficient, which are then applied to the aft section of a non-rotating turbine blade component, internally cooled through a multi-pass serpentine channel. While keeping all other parameters constant internal heat transfer coefficients are varied according to a prescribed uncertainty range throughout the passages. The effect on the low cycle fatigue life of the airfoil is then evaluated at three discrete locations: near the base of the airfoil, towards the tip, and at mid-span. A generic low cycle fatigue life prediction model is used for these evaluations. Even though the probabilistic design process uses independent random numbers to simulate the variation, in reality, heat transfer coefficients at points located closely together should be correlated. For this reason, an autocorrelation function is implemented. By changing the value of this function the strength of the correlation of iv neighboring internal heat transfer coefficients to each other over a certain distance can be controlled. In order to test the effect that this correlation strength has on the low cycle fatigue life calculation, low and high values are chosen and analyzed. The magnitude of the prescribed uncertainty range of the internal heat transfer coefficient variation is varied to further study the effects on life. Investigated values include 5%, 10% and 20% for the straight ribbed passages and 10%, 20%, and 40% for both the tip and hub turns. As expected there is a significant dependence of low cycle fatigue life to the variation in internal heat transfer coefficients. For the 20/40% case, variations in life as high as 50-60% are recorded, furthermore a trend is observed showing that as the magnitude of the uncertainty range of internal heat transfer coefficients narrows so does the range of the low cycle fatigue life uncertainty.
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Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering (M.S.A.E.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Dissertations, Academic -- Engineering and Computer Science, Engineering and Computer Science -- Dissertations, Academic
Marsh, Jan H., "An Uncertainty Quantification Of The Variation Of Internal Heat Transfer Coefficients And The Effect On Airfoil Life" (2010). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1642.