Discrimination, meta analysis, job attitudes, health outcomes
Given the substantial monetary and nonmonetary costs that both employees and organizations can incur as a result of perceived workplace discrimination, it is important to understand the outcomes of perceived workplace discrimination as well as what moderates the discrimination-outcome relationship. While other meta-analyses of perceived discrimination have been published, the current meta-analysis expands prior meta-analytic databases by 81%, increasing the stability of the estimated effects. In addition, several prior meta-analyses have not focused exclusively on workplace discrimination. Consequently, the purpose of this meta-analysis is to provide a comprehensive quantitative review of perceived workplace discrimination, its consequences, and potential moderators of these relationships. Results showed that perceived workplace discrimination was related to decreased job satisfaction, reduced organizational commitment, greater withdrawal, and more perceived organizational injustice. Further, perceived workplace discrimination was associated with decreased mental health and physical health, lower ratings of life satisfaction, and increased work stress. Moderator analyses provided some evidence that perceiving the general presence of discrimination in one's organization may be more detrimental than perceiving oneself to be personally targeted by discrimination at work. Additionally, moderator analyses provided some support that interpersonal discrimination may be more detrimental than formal discrimination for some outcomes and that there may be differences in the perceived workplace discrimination-outcome relationships across different countries. The implications for workplace discrimination research and practice are discussed.
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Master of Science (M.S.)
College of Sciences
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Campus-only Access)
Dissertations, Academic -- Sciences; Sciences -- Dissertations, Academic
Dhanani, Lindsay, "Outcomes of Perceived Workplace Discrimination: A Meta-Analysis of 35 Years of Research" (2014). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4853.