Abstract

A high powered ultrashort laser pulse can propagate as a diffraction-free self-channeled structure called a filament, created by a combination of nonlinear processes. With its ability to convey extremely high intensity beams to distant targets, many applications such as remote sensing, cloud seeding, and discharge guiding are potentially possible. However, one of the main challenges of outdoor field applications is the laser propagation through the atmosphere where pressure fluctuations and concentrations of aerosols may be present. The rationale behind the work presented in this dissertation is to evaluate the robustness of the filamentation, measure the interaction losses as well as understanding the modifications to (i) filament length (ii) supercontinuum generation, and (iii) the beam profile along propagation through perturbed media. Detailed studies of the interaction of a single filament with a single water droplet are presented. In addition, preliminary results on filament propagation through a cloud of aerosols are discussed. The effect of pressure on the beam profile along propagation and on the supercontinuum generated by the filament is studied. This document provides valuable insight into the complex nonlinear processes affecting the formation, propagation and post propagation of filaments under adverse atmospheric conditions.

Graduation Date

2016

Semester

Spring

Advisor

Richardson, Martin

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

College

College of Optics and Photonics

Department

Optics and Photonics

Degree Program

Optics and Photonics

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0006530

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0006530

Language

English

Release Date

November 2021

Length of Campus-only Access

5 years

Access Status

Doctoral Dissertation (Campus-only Access)

Share

COinS