Ponte, Petra, and Jan Ax, "Action Research and Pedagogy as Science of the Child's Upbringing," pp. 324-335 in Susan Noffke and Bridget Somekh, eds., The Sage Handbook of Educational Action Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2009.


Elucidates the European concept of pedagogy; distinguishes normative/dogmatic, humanistic, empirical/analytic, and critical pedagogy; notes the potential of action research for studying pedagogy.

Broad Topical Focus

Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories

Source Discipline


Mode of Inquiry in the Study

Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Action Inquiry

Type of Study

Single Study

Narrow Topic

Teaching/Learning Process, Ethical Issues in Curriculum


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