Skeletal muscle, serum free, tissue engineering, high content, exercise
The overall focus of this project has two parts: First, was to develop a protocol utilizing serum-free media formulations and defined plating and culture techniques to create functional in vitro myotubes derived from adult skeletal muscle satellite cells. The second was to manipulate the inherent muscle parameters such as force output and fatigue of these myotubes by employing exercise regimes or by small molecule application. The importance of serum-free medium use for in vitro cultures is becoming increasingly important in creating functional systems that can be validated for drug testing by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Also, the study of age related diseases as well as the potential for “personalized medicine” relies on the proliferation and maturation of satellite cells from adult derived tissue. For that purpose, a serum-free medium and culture system was designed to create mature striated myotubes in culture on a defined non-biological substrate N-1[3-trimethoxysilyl propyl] diethylenetriamine (DETA). These myotubes were evaluated by morphology, muscle specific protein expression, and by muscle functionality. After the thorough characterization of the resultant myotubes the functional output of the muscle was altered utilizing chemical means (creatine supplementation and PGC-1? agonists), chronic long term stimulation, and the use of PGC-1? deficient tissue. In this thesis presentation the utility of the newly developed medium formulation to create myotubes from a variety of adult derived muscle sources will be shown. A protocol in which to exercise skeletal muscle in vitro to alter endurance was developed and employed to manipulate skeletal muscle. Finally, small molecules were tested to validate this system for drug study use. This engineered system has the potential for high-throughput screening of drugs for efficacy and drug toxicity studies as well as general biological studies on muscle fatigue.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Sciences
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
McAleer, Christopher, "A high-content multiplexed screening platform for the evaluation and manipulation of force and fatigue of adult derived skeletal muscle myotubes in defined serum-free medium" (2015). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019. 1148.