ISO 9000:2000, Quality management systems, Quality standards


Since it's release in Dec 2000, there has been a slow movement towards the new version of ISO 9001:2000 by ISO 9000:1994 certified organizations. Of the 561,747 ISO 9000 certified businesses, 167,210 are certified under the new ISO 9001:2000, which is less than 30 % of the total ISO 9000 certified companies. Although many studies have been conducted to understand and assess the practices of ISO 9000:1994 standards, no research has been done to investigate the practices of ISO 9001:2000 in Saudi Arabia. This study is designed to investigate the implementation practices of the new ISO 9001:2000 standard in Saudi business organizations. The main objectives of this study are to identify the critical factors that lead to successful implementation of the new standard, to determine what barriers have been encountered during implementation, and to identify the most difficult parts of the standard to comply with. It investigates the perceived benefits that Saudi firms have gained from implementing the system and examines the level of knowledge about ISO 9001:2000 and the perceptions of the new standard among the management teams and staff of ISO registered firms. It determines the level of integration between ISO 9001:2000 and other implemented systems. Furthermore, this study aims to investigate the factors that may explain the Saudi organizations' decisions to implement ISO 9001:2000 in their businesses. To accomplish these research objectives, a questionnaire was developed based on an extensive review of related literature and tested for validity and reliability. The target sample for the study was made up of all ISO 9001:2000 registered sites in Saudi Arabia up to 31 Dec. 2002, which comprised 131 organizations. A total of 89 completed surveys were received, for a response rate of 72%. Descriptive statistics, measurement of variation, and association, and factor analysis were used in the interpretation of collected data. The major findings are as follows: 86.5% of the total respondents had implemented ISO 9001:2000 as a transition process from previous ISO 9000 standards. 68.5% of the certified sites took less than one year to implement the standard. Most of them were previously certified in one of the ISO 9000:1994 standards. This high percentage indicates that ISO 9001:2000 can be easily implemented in a short time frame. Most of the companies in the study reported the use of external consultants (70.8%), but overall there was a low level of reliance on them, with 64.0% of registered organizations having documented less than 10% participation of external consultants in implementing the ISO 9001:2000 system. The top five critical success factors in implementing the ISO 9001:2000 quality management system, in descending order, are as follows: commitment of management, effective internal auditing, commitment of middle management, employee motivation and involvement, resource allocation, and existence of appropriate communication routes. The major hindrances during the implementation of ISO 9001:2000, in descending order, were as follows: lack of employee involvement, difficulties in co-operation among middle managers over quality problems, lack of training programs related to quality, insufficient project time, and lack of customer co-operation. The most significant reasons for Saudi organizations to implement the system, in descending order, are as follows: top management initiative, quality improvement of internal operations and processes, customers requirements, part of the overall quality policy of the organization. The highest perceived benefits, in descending order, were as follows: development of quality culture, improved customer satisfaction, better communication with customers, increased management commitment, and use of data as a business management tool. Most respondents are highly satisfied with the standard, believe that it is cost effective and would strongly recommend the standard to other firms. Top managers were the most knowledgeable about the ISO 9001:2000 standard, followed by middle managers, then employees. Findings reveal that level of knowledge about ISO 9001:2000 among organization's people is positively correlated with most of the attainable benefits from implementing the standard. Based on the findings of this study, many conclusions and recommendations were drawn. In summary, for a successful implementation of ISO 9001:2000 standard, organizations must give great consideration to the people involvement factor, particularly top and middle management s involvement and commitment to quality, employees motivation and involvement, quality awareness, and ISO 9001:2000 training.


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Graduation Date





Elshennawy, Ahmad


Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


College of Engineering and Computer Science


Industrial Engineering and Management Systems

Degree Program

Industrial Engineering and Management Systems








Release Date

January 2014

Length of Campus-only Access


Access Status

Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)


Dissertations, Academic -- Engineering and Computer Science; Engineering and Computer Science -- Dissertations, Academic

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Engineering Commons