Fuel concentration, Gas turbine mixers, Swirl, Unmixedness, Velocity
Air velocity and fuel concentration data have been collected throughout the flow fields of two gas turbine mixers in an effort to better understand the mixing of fuel and air in gas turbine mixers. The two gas turbine mixers consisted of an annular flow profile and incorporated swirl vanes to produce a swirling flow to promote fuel/air mixing. The fuel was injected into the bulk flow from the pressure side of the swirl vanes. The first mixer had a swirl angle of 45°, while the second had a swirl angle of 55°. In order to examine the effect of the swirl angle on the mixing of fuel and air as the flow progressed through gas turbine mixers, axial and tangential air velocity data was taken using a laser Doppler velocimeter (LDV). Also, fuel concentration data was taken separately using a hydrocarbon concentration probe with methane diluted with air as the fuel. The data were taken at varying axial and varying angular locations in an effort to capture the spatial development of the fuel and velocity profiles. The spectra of the data were analyzed as well in an effort to understand the turbulence of the flow. It was found that the 55° swirler exhibited smaller variations in both velocity and fuel concentration values and that the fuel reached a uniform concentration at axial locations further upstream in the 55° degree mixer than in the 45° mixer. The RMS values of the velocity, which were influenced by the swirl vanes, were higher in the 55° mixer and likely contributed to the better mixing performance of the 55° mixer. The fuel concentration spectrum data showed that the spectra of the two mixers were similar, and that the fluctuations in fuel concentration due to flow emanating from the swirl vanes were seen throughout the length of the two mixers.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Dissertations, Academic -- Engineering and Computer Science; Engineering and Computer Science -- Dissertations, Academic
Turek, Louis James, "Concentration And Velocity Fields Throughout The Flow Field Of Swirling Flows In Gas Turbine Mixers" (2004). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 153.