Integrated circuits, Optoelectronics, Photonics, Wave guides
Non-reciprocal wave transmission is a phenomenon witnessed in certain photonic devices when the wave propagation dynamics through the device along one direction differs greatly from the dynamics along the counter-propagating direction. Specifically, it refers to significant power transfer occurring in one direction, and greatly reduced power transfer in the opposite direction. The resulting effect is to isolate the directionality of wave propagation, allowing transmission to occur along one direction only. Given the popularity of photonic integrated circuits (PIC), in which all the optical components are fabricated on the same chip so that the entire optical system can be made more compact, it is desirable to have an easily integrated optical isolator. Common free-space optical isolator designs, which rely on the Faraday effect, are limited by the availability of suitable magnetic materials. This research proposes a novel integrated optical isolator based on an array of closely spaced, identical waveguides. Because of the nonlinear optical properties of the material, this device exploits the differing behaviors of such an array when illuminated with either a high power or a low power beam to achieve non-reciprocal wave transmission in the forwards and backwards directions, respectively. The switching can be controlled electro-optically via an integrated gain section which provides optical amplification before the input to the array. The design, fabrication, characterization and testing of this optical isolator are covered in this dissertation. We study the switching dynamics of this device and present its optimum operating conditions.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Optics and Photonics
Optics and Photonics
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Dissertations, Academic -- Optics and Photonics, Optics and Photonics -- Dissertations, Academic
Ho, Tony Yatming, "Non-reciprocal Wave Transmission In Integrated Waveguide Array Isolators" (2012). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2136.