Hybrid, Electric, Vehicle, Digital, Control, Power Electronics
With the recent revival of the hybrid vehicle much advancement in power management has been made. The most popular hybrid vehicle, the hybrid electric vehicle, has many topologies developed to realize this hybrid vehicle. From these topologies, as sub set was created to define a particular group of vehicles where the converter discussed in this thesis has the most advantage. This sub set is defined by two electric sources of power coupled together at a common bus. This set up presents many unique operating conditions which can be handled seamlessly by the DC-to-DC converter when designed properly. The DC-to-DC converter discussed in this thesis is operated in Discontinuous Conduction Mode (DCM) of operation because of its unique advantages over the Continuous Conduction Mode (CCM) operated converter. The most relevant being the reduction of size of the magnetic components such as inductor, capacitor and transformers. However, the DC-to-DC converter operated in DCM does not have the inherent capability of bi-directional power flow. This problem can be overcome with a unique digital control technique developed here. The control is developed in a hierarchical fashion to separate the functions required for this sub set of hybrid electric vehicle topologies. This layered approach for the controller allows for the seamless integration of this converter into the vehicle. The first and lowest level of control includes a group of voltage and controller regulators. The average and small signal model of these controllers were developed here to be stable and have a relatively fast recovery time to handle the transient dynamics of the vehicle system. The second level of control commands and organizes the regulators from the first level of control to perform high level task that is more specific to the operation of the vehicle. This level of control is divided into three modes called hybrid boost, hybrid buck and electric vehicle mode. These modes are developed to handle the specific operating conditions found when the vehicle is operated in the specific mode. The third level of control is used to command the second level of control and is left opened via a communication area network (CAN) bus controller. This level of control is intended to come from the vehicle s system controller. Because the DC-to-DC converter is operated in DCM, this introduces added voltage ripple on the output voltage as well as higher current ripple demand from the input voltage. Since this is generally undesirable, the converter is split into three phases and properly interleaved. The interleaving operation is used to counteract the effects of the added voltage and current ripple. Finally, a level of protection is added to protect the converter and surrounding components from harm. All protection is designed and implemented digitally in DSP.
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Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (M.S.E.E.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Pepper, Michael, "Bi-directional Dcm Dc-to-dc Converter For Hybrid Electric Vehicles" (2008). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3587.