inverter, flyback DC/DC converter, zero current switching, pulse frequency modulation


Renewable energy source plays an important role in energy co-generation and distribution. A traditional solar-based inverter system has two stages cascaded, which has simpler controller but low efficiency. A new solar-based single-stage grid-connected inverter system can achieve higher efficiency by reducing the power semiconductor switching loss and output stable and synchronizing sinusoid current into the utility grid. In Chapter 1, the characteristic I-V and P-V curve of PV array has been illustrated. Based on prediction of the PV power capacity installed on the grid-connected and off-grid, the trends of grid-tied inverter for DG system have been analyzed. In Chapter 2, the topologies of single-phase grid-connect inverter system have been listed and compared. The key parameters of all these topologies are listed in a table in terms of topology, power decoupling, isolation, bi-directional/uni-directional, power rating, switching frequency, efficiency and input voltage. In Chapter 3, to reduce the capacitance of input filter, an active filter has been proposed, which will eliminate the 120/100Hz low frequency ripple from the PV array's output voltage completely. A feedforward controller is proposed to optimize the step response of PV array output voltage. A sample and hold also is used to provide the 120/100Hz low frequency decoupling between the controller of active filter and inverter stage. In Chapter 4, the single-stage inverter is proposed. Compared with conventional two-stage inverter, which has two high frequency switching stages cascaded, the single-stage inverter system increases the system efficiency by utilizing DC/DC converter to generate rectified sinusoid voltage. A transformer analysis is conducted for the single-stage inverter system, which proves the transformer has no low-frequency magnetic flux bias. To apply peak current mode control on single-stage inverter and get unified loop gain, adaptive slope compensation is also proposed for single-stage inverter. In Chapter 5, a digital controller for single-stage inverter is designed and optimized by the Matlab Control Toolbox. A Psim simulation verified the performance of the digital controller design. In Chapter 6, three bi-directional single-stage inverter topologies are proposed and compared. A conventional single-stage bi-directional inverter has certain shortcoming that cannot be overcome. A modular grid-connect micro-inverter system with dedicated reactive energy processing unit can overcome certain shortcoming and increase the system efficiency and reliability. A unique controller design is also proposed. In Chapter 7, a PFM ZCS flyback inverter system is invented. By using half-wave quasi-resonant ZCS flyback resonant converter and PFM control, this topology completely eliminates switching loss. A detailed mathematical analysis provides all the key parameters for the inverter design. As the inductance of transformer secondary side get smaller, the power stage transfer function of PFM ZCS flyback inverter system demonstrates nonlinearity. An optimized PFM ZCS flyback DC/DC converter design resolves this issue by introducing a MOSFET on the secondary side of transformer. In Chapter 8, experimental results of uni-direcitonal single-stage inverter with grid-connection, bi-directional single-stage inverter and single-stage PFM ZCS flyback inverter have been provided. Conclusions are given in Chapter 9.


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Graduation Date



Batarseh, Issa


Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


College of Engineering and Computer Science


Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Degree Program

Electrical Engineering








Release Date

April 2009

Length of Campus-only Access


Access Status

Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)