Role of force resultants interaction on fiber reinforced concrete


Ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC) is a recently developed concrete gaining a lot of interest worldwide, and a lot research has been conducted to determine its material properties. UHPC is known for its very high strength and high durability. Association Francaise de Genie Civil (AFGC) has defined UHPC as a concrete exhibiting compressive strength greater than 150 MPa (22 ksi). To utilize the full compressive strength of UHPC, complementary tension reinforcement is required. A recent research study to find light weight yet high strength alternative deck systems for Florida movable bridges demonstrated that a composite UHPC and high strength steel (HSS) reinforcement deck system is a viable alternative. However, failure modes of the deck system observed during experimental testing were shear failures rather than flexural failures. Interestingly, the shear failures were ductile involving large deformations and large sectional rotations. The purpose of this research is to quantify the sensitivity of UHPC structural member mechanical response to different shear and normal stress demands, and investigate the underlying failure modes. An experimental investigation on small-scale prisms without reinforcement, prisms reinforced with ASTM Grade 60 steel, and prisms reinforced with high strength steel was carried out to capture load-deflection behavior as well as modes of failure of the UHPC specimens. Numerical analysis based on modified compression field theory (MCFT) was developed to verify experimental results at the section level, and further verification using continuum methods was performed using MCFT/DSFM (disturbed stress field method) based finite element analysis software (VecTor2). Results from the numerical analysis could reasonably predict the load-displacement as well as the failure modes of the experimental specimens. Obvious flexural failure was observed on unreinforced UHPC specimens where wide crack opening gradually widened at the bottom fiber of the concrete to the loading position. Whereas UHPC-Grade 60 steel specimens experienced ductile flexural failure with similar wide crack opening after the rebar yielded. On the other hand, UHPC-MMFX specimens largely failed in shear from a diagonal tension crack and crush of concrete top fiber.


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Graduation Date





Mackie, Kevin


Master of Science (M.S.)


College of Engineering and Computer Science


Civil, Environmental, and Construction Engineering

Degree Program

Civil Engineering; Structural and Geotechnical Engineering








Release Date

December 2014

Length of Campus-only Access


Access Status

Masters Thesis (Open Access)


Dissertations, Academic -- Engineering and Computer Science; Engineering and Computer Science -- Dissertations, Academic