MOSFET Devices, Gate dielectrics, Threshold Voltage
Progress in advanced microlithography and deposition techniques have made feasible high- k dielectric materials for MOS transistors. The continued scaling of CMOS devices is pushing the Si-SiO2 to its limit to consider high-k gate dielectrics. The demand for faster, low power, smaller, less expensive devices with good functionality and higher performance increases the demand for high-k dielectric based MOS devices. This thesis gives an in-depth study of threshold voltages of PMOS and NMOS transistors using various high-k dielectric materials like Tantalum pent oxide (Ta2O5), Hafnium oxide (HfO2), Zirconium oxide (ZrO2) and Aluminum oxide (Al2O3) gate oxides. Higher dielectric constant may lead to high oxide capacitance (Cox), which affects the threshold voltage (VT) of the device. The working potential of MOS devices can be increased by high dielectric gate oxide and work function of gate metal which may also influence the threshold voltage (VT). High dielectric materials have low gate leakage current, high breakdown voltage and are thermally stable on Silicon Substrate (Si). Different kinds of deposition techniques for different gate oxides, gate metals and stability over silicon substrates are analyzed theoretically. The impact of the properties of gate oxides such as oxide thickness, interface trap charges, doping concentration on threshold voltage were simulated, plotted and studied. This study involved comparisons of oxides-oxides, metals-metals, and metals-oxides. Gate metals and alloys with work function of less than 5eV would be suitable candidates for aluminum oxide, hafnium oxide etc. based MOSFETs.
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Sundaram, Kalpathy B.
Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (M.S.E.E.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Seshadri, Sriram Mannargudi, "Investigation Of High-k Gate Dielectrics And Metals For Mosfet Devices." (2005). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 501.