The unsupervised ensemble learning, or consensus clustering, consists of finding the optimal com- bination strategy of individual partitions that is robust in comparison to the selection of an algorithmic clustering pool. Despite its strong properties, this approach assigns the same weight to the contribution of each clustering to the final solution. We propose a weighting policy for this problem that is based on internal clustering quality measures and compare against other modern approaches. Results on publicly available datasets show that weights can significantly improve the accuracy performance while retaining the robust properties. Since the issue of determining an appropriate number of clusters, which is a primary input for many clustering methods is one of the significant challenges, we have used the same methodology to predict correct or the most suitable number of clusters as well. Among various methods, using internal validity indexes in conjunction with a suitable algorithm is one of the most popular way to determine the appropriate number of cluster. Thus, we use weighted consensus clustering along with four different indexes which are Silhouette (SH), Calinski-Harabasz (CH), Davies-Bouldin (DB), and Consensus (CI) indexes. Our experiment indicates that weighted consensus clustering together with chosen indexes is a useful method to determine right or the most appropriate number of clusters in comparison to individual clustering methods (e.g., k-means) and consensus clustering. Lastly, to decrease the variance of proposed weighted consensus clustering, we borrow the idea of Markowitz portfolio theory and implement its core idea to clustering domain. We aim to optimize the combination of individual clustering methods to minimize the variance of clustering accuracy. This is a new weighting policy to produce partition with a lower variance which might be crucial for a decision maker. Our study shows that using the idea of Markowitz portfolio theory will create a partition with a less variation in comparison to traditional consensus clustering and proposed weighted consensus clustering.


If this is your thesis or dissertation, and want to learn how to access it or for more information about readership statistics, contact us at STARS@ucf.edu

Graduation Date





Xanthopoulos, Petros


Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


College of Engineering and Computer Science


Industrial Engineering and Management Systems

Degree Program

Industrial Engineering









Release Date

August 2017

Length of Campus-only Access


Access Status

Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)

Restricted to the UCF community until August 2017; it will then be open access.