Light-matter interaction is a pivotal effect that involves the synergetic interplay of electromag- netic fields with fundamental particles. In this regard localized surface plasmons (LSP) arise from coherent interaction of the electromagnetic field with the collective oscillation of free electrons in confined sub-wavelength environments. Their most attractive properties are strong field en- hancements at the near field, highly inhomogeneous, peculiar temporal and spatial distributions and unique polarization properties. LSP systems also offer a unique playground for fundamental electromagnetic physics where micro-scale systemic properties can be studied in the macro-scale. These important properties and opportunities are brought up in this work where I study hybrid cavity-coupled plasmonic systems in which the weak plasmonic element is far-field coupled with the photonic cavity by properly tuning its phase. In this work I preset the fundamental understand- ing of such a complex systems from the multi-resonance interaction picture along experimental demonstration. Using this platform and its intricate near fields I further demonstrate a novel mech- anism to generate superchiral light: a field polarization property that adds a degree of freedom to light-matter interactions at the nanoscale exploited in advanced sensing applications and surface effect processes. Finally, the detection of non-chiral analytes, such as proteins, neurotransmit- ters or nanoparticles, and more complex chiral analytes, such as proteins and its conformation states, amino acids or chiral molecules at low concentrations is demonstrated in several biosensing applications. The accompanied experiential demonstrations were accomplished using the nanoim- printing technique, which places the cavity-coupled hybrid plasmonic system as a unique platform towards realistic applications not limited by expensive lithographic techniques.
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Optics and Photonics
Optics and Photonics
Optics and Photonics
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Vazquez-Guardado, Abraham, "Cavity-Coupled Plasmonic Systems for Enhanced Light-Matter Interactions" (2018). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019. 6262.