Automatic understanding of videos is one of the most active areas of computer vision research. It has applications in video surveillance, human computer interaction, video sports analysis, virtual and augmented reality, video retrieval etc. In this dissertation, we address four important tasks in video understanding, namely action recognition, temporal action localization, spatial-temporal action detection and video object/action segmentation. This dissertation makes contributions to above tasks by proposing. First, for video action recognition, we propose a category level feature learning method. Our proposed method automatically identifies such pairs of categories using a criterion of mutual pairwise proximity in the (kernelized) feature space, and a category-level similarity matrix where each entry corresponds to the one-vs-one SVM margin for pairs of categories. Second, for temporal action localization, we propose to exploit the temporal structure of actions by modeling an action as a sequence of sub-actions and present a computationally efficient approach. Third, we propose 3D Tube Convolutional Neural Network (TCNN) based pipeline for action detection. The proposed architecture is a unified deep network that is able to recognize and localize action based on 3D convolution features. It generalizes the popular faster R-CNN framework from images to videos. Last, an end-to-end encoder-decoder based 3D convolutional neural network pipeline is proposed, which is able to segment out the foreground objects from the background. Moreover, the action label can be obtained as well by passing the foreground object into an action classifier. Extensive experiments on several video datasets demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed approach for video understanding compared to the state-of-the-art.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Hou, Rui, "Action Recognition, Temporal Localization and Detection in Trimmed and Untrimmed Video" (2019). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 6507.