Liquid crystal, midwave infrared, low absorption
Liquid crystal is an amazing class of soft matters with applications spanning from visible, infrared, millimeter wave, to terahertz. In addition to direct-view displays and projection displays, liquid crystal is also widely used in adaptive optics, tunable-focus lens, and laser beam steering. Although the visible region has well developed materials and mixtures for the vast variety of applications, the midwave infrared (MWIR) region of the electromagnetic spectrum invites much development as only a few materials have been developed with these applications in mind. Unlike visible region, the major challenge for mid-wave infrared liquid crystal is inherently large absorption loss. To reduce absorption, some molecular engineering approaches have been considered, such as deuteration, fluorination, and chlorination. The fluorine and chlorine not only act as the polar group to provide dipole moment but also helps shift some vibration absorption bands outside the MWIR window. Long phenyl ring compounds, fluorinated tolane materials, and chlorinated terphenyl mixtures are explored; as well as a look as the potential bromine might introduce for future development. In this thesis, we first review the current materials and their performance in the mid-wave infrared region, explain the need for higher performing liquid crystals, and then discuss the methodology of compound development and mixture formulation. Some new chlorinated liquid crystal compounds are synthesized, mixture formulated, and their properties evaluated. Finally, we will explain the future work which needs to be performed in this field.
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Master of Science (M.S.)
College of Optics and Photonics
Optics and Photonics
Optics and Photonics
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Creekmore, Amy, "Low Absorption Liquid Crystal Materials for Midwave Infrared" (2015). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019. 66.