optical networks, wavelength division multiplexing, optical burst switched networks
Wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) optical networks are rapidly becoming the technology of choice in next-generation Internet architectures. This dissertation addresses the important issues of improving four aspects of optical networks, namely, routing efficiency, fairness, differentiated quality of service (QoS) and throughput. A new approach for implementing efficient routing and wavelength assignment in WDM networks is proposed and evaluated. In this approach, the state of a multiple-fiber link is represented by a compact bitmap computed as the logical union of the bitmaps of the free wavelengths in the fibers of this link. A modified Dijkstra's shortest path algorithm and a wavelength assignment algorithm are developed using fast logical operations on the bitmap representation. In optical burst switched (OBS) networks, the burst dropping probability increases as the number of hops in the lightpath of the burst increases. Two schemes are proposed and evaluated to alleviate this unfairness. The two schemes have simple logic, and alleviate the beat-down unfairness problem without negatively impacting the overall throughput of the system. Two similar schemes to provide differentiated services in OBS networks are introduced. A new scheme to improve the fairness of OBS networks based on burst preemption is presented. The scheme uses carefully designed constraints to avoid excessive wasted channel reservations, reduce cascaded useless preemptions, and maintain healthy throughput levels. A new scheme to improve the throughput of OBS networks based on burst preemption is presented. An analytical model is developed to compute the throughput of the network for the special case when the network has a ring topology and the preemption weight is based solely on burst size. The analytical model is quite accurate and gives results close to those obtained by simulation. Finally, a preemption-based scheme for the concurrent improvement of throughput and burst fairness in OBS networks is proposed and evaluated. The scheme uses a preemption weight consisting of two terms: the first term is a function of the size of the burst and the second term is the product of the hop count times the length of the lightpath of the burst.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
ZHOU, BIN, "Improving Routing Efficiency, Fairness, Differentiated Servises And Throughput In Optical Networks" (2006). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 922.