Fluids-related issues in the Aerospace industry are often multiphase in scope. Numerical modeling, such as computational fluid dynamics, is used to describe these problems, as they are difficult or impossible to describe analytically. This research uses computational fluid dynamics to describe multiphase problems related to melting-solidification and particle impingement. Firstly, a numerical model was established that uses the Volume-of-Fluid method to resolve a melting/solidifying particle. This model was verified against experiments and simplified analytical models, and a mesh independence study was done to ensure the results were independent of the mesh sizing. Next, the model was applied to two separate but related problems. The Artemis program has renewed interest in lunar dust mitigation. It is proposed that lunar regolith partially melts and becomes "sticky" when coming into contact with a jet flame, like a landing rocket. The method above was applied to a lunar regolith particle to show how these "sticky" particles can adhere to surfaces. The direct resolution methodology was also applied to a melted sand particle impinging and infiltrating a yttria-stabilized zirconia thermal barrier coating, as seen in engine turbines. Sand can infiltrate the thermal barrier coating and decrease its effectiveness. The infiltration from a single particle was compared to the infiltration from a stream of melted sand. These three efforts showcase the usefulness of directly resolving small particles using the Volume-of-Fluid method.
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Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering (M.S.A.E.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Aerospace Engineering; Thermofluid Aerodynamic Systems Design and Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Cavainolo, Brendon, "The Development of Computational Models for Melting-Solidification Applications Using the Volume-Of-Fluid Method" (2023). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-. 1533.