Stationary power generating gas turbines are held to strict emissions standards that limit efficiency and power output. Dry low NOx combustors are being designed to limit NOx emissions while simultaneously improving efficiency. Axially staged combustors are leveraged to reduce emissions by staging heat release into separate stages. This is done by splitting some fuel and air to a downstream axial stage that is closer to the combustor exit. In this stage, the residence time is decreased allowing for optimal turbine inlet temperatures with improved emissions. The current thesis focuses on the downstream reacting jet-in-crossflow at power generating gas turbine relevant conditions. The experimental facility consists of a headend burner which provides a vitiated crossflow at various conditions for the axial stage. The headend burner consists of a concentric dump style combustor that is used to stabilize a lean methane-air flame. Downstream of the vitiator is the test section which consists of 3 optical viewing ports for imaging diagnostics and an interchangeable injector plate to study different jet geometries. The current work investigates a 4 mm diffusion jet, a 0.5 in fully premixed jet, 0.5 in partially premixed jet, and a 0.5 in fully premixed jet. Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is utilized to obtain flow-field characteristics, and CH* chemiluminescence is used to visualize flame behavior. Additionally, a Horiba gas analyzer is used to obtain emissions measurements for various run conditions. Various flames are observed for the different conditions ran, and emissions measurements show axially staging benefits at full load gas turbine conditions.
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Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering (M.S.A.E.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Aerospace Engineering; Thermofluid Aerodynamic Systems Track
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Campus-only Access)
Genova, Tommy, "High Pressure Reacting Characteristics of a Jet in Vitiated Crossflow" (2020). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-. 50.