Machine Learning, Human Activities, Pose Estimation


This dissertation introduces several technical innovations that improve the ability of machine learning models to recognize a wide range of complex human activities. As human sensor data becomes more abundant, the need to develop algorithms for understanding and interpreting complex human actions has become increasingly important. Our research focuses on three key areas: multi-agent activity recognition, multi-person pose estimation, and multimodal fusion.

To tackle the problem of monitoring coordinated team activities from spatio-temporal traces, we introduce a new framework that incorporates field of view data to predict team performance. Our framework uses Spatial Temporal Graph Convolutional Networks (ST-GCN) and recurrent neural network layers to capture and model the dynamic spatial relationships between agents. The second part of the dissertation addresses the problem of multi-person pose estimation (MPPE) from video data. Our proposed technique (Language Assisted Multi-person Pose estimation) leverages text representations from multimodal foundation models to learn a visual representation that is more robust to occlusion. By infusing semantic information into pose estimation, our approach enables precise estimations, even in cluttered scenes. The final part of the dissertation examines the problem of fusing multimodal physiological input from cardiovascular and gaze tracking sensors to exploit the complementary nature of these modalities. When dealing with multimodal features, uncovering the correlations between different modalities is as crucial as identifying effective unimodal features. This dissertation introduces a hybrid multimodal tensor fusion network that is effective at learning both unimodal and bimodal dynamics.

The outcomes of this dissertation contribute to advancing the field of complex human activity recognition by addressing the challenges associated with multi-agent activity recognition, multi-person pose estimation, and multimodal fusion. The proposed innovations have potential applications in various domains, including video surveillance, human-robot interaction, sports analysis, and healthcare monitoring. By developing intelligent systems capable of accurately recognizing complex human activities, this research paves the way for improved safety, efficiency, and decision-making in a wide range of real-world applications.

Completion Date




Committee Chair

Sukthankar, Gita


Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


College of Engineering and Computer Science


Computer Science

Degree Program

Computer Science








Release Date

December 2023

Length of Campus-only Access


Access Status

Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)

Campus Location

Orlando (Main) Campus