Abbreviated Journal Title
Mon. Not. Roy. Astron. Soc.
stars: individual: WASP-18; planetary systems; planets and satellites:; atmospheres; TRANSITING EXTRASOLAR PLANETS; UPSILON ANDROMEDAE B; SOLAR-TYPE STARS; HD 189733B; HOT JUPITERS; FUNDAMENTAL PARAMETERS; PHYSICAL-PROPERTIES; OHMIC DISSIPATION; THERMAL EMISSION; PHASE VARIATIONS; Astronomy & Astrophysics
We present new light curves of the massive hot Jupiter system WASP-18 obtained with the Spitzer spacecraft covering the entire orbit at 3.6 and 4.5 mu m. These light curves are used to measure the amplitude, shape and phase of the thermal phase effect for WASP-18 b. We find that our results for the thermal phase effect are limited to an accuracy of about 0.01 per cent by systematic noise sources of unknown origin. At this level of accuracy we find that the thermal phase effect has a peak-to-peak amplitude approximately equal to the secondary eclipse depth, has a sinusoidal shape and that the maximum brightness occurs at the same phase as mid-occultation to within about 5 degrees at 3.6 mu m and to within about 10 degrees at 4.5 mu m. The shape and amplitude of the thermal phase curve imply very low levels of heat redistribution within the atmosphere of the planet. We also perform a separate analysis to determine the system geometry by fitting a light curve model to the data covering the occultation and the transit. The secondary eclipse depths we measure at 3.6 and 4.5 mu m are in good agreement with previous measurements and imply a very low albedo for WASP-18 b. The parameters of the system (masses, radii, etc.) derived from our analysis are also in good agreement with those from previous studies, but with improved precision. We use new high-resolution imaging and published limits on the rate of change of the mean radial velocity to check for the presence of any faint companion stars that may affect our results. We find that there is unlikely to be any significant contribution to the flux at Spitzer wavelengths from a stellar companion to WASP-18. We find that there is no evidence for variations in the times of eclipse from a linear ephemeris greater than about 100 s over 3 years.
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Maxted, P. F. L.; Anderson, D. R.; Doyle, A. P.; Gillon, M.; Harrington, Joseph; Iro, N.; Jehin, E.; Lafrenière, D.; Smalley, B.; and Southworth, J., "Spitzer 3.6 and 4.5 mu m full-orbit light curves of WASP-18" (2013). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 4385.