Neonatal palliative care (NPC) is an emerging subset of care in United States (US) neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) that provides relief for both infants and families at the end of life for infants with terminal diagnoses. Families play a large role in the decision-making process for their infant, but their experiences with and perceptions of the support and care provided to them via NPC is unclear. This literature review summarizes the state of knowledge on parents' perspectives of NPC while focusing on the specific factors that influence their experiences and satisfaction with NPC. This literature review was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Findings of the literature review broadly include the importance of consistent communication with providers, parental involvement in the care process, and the minimization of infant suffering. Providers must focus on these important quality indicators to ensure they provide the best care possible to the patients and families that they serve. Further research must be done to investigate parent satisfaction and needs in relation to NPC more deeply and to develop interventions and protocols that better incorporate these needs.
Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
College of Sciences
School of Social Work
Hamel, Marie, "Exploring Factors that Contribute to Bereaved Parents' Perceptions of Neonatal Palliative Care: A Systematic Literature Review" (2021). Honors Undergraduate Theses. 1100.