This Research explores hydrogen combustion in a Jet-in-Crossflow configuration through computational fluid dynamics using ANSYS Fluent commercial CFD software. Three fuel-only hydrogen jets with a momentum flux ratio J of 10, 50, and 115 were introduced axially, using a large eddy simulation with a WALE sub grid model. Detailed chemistry was computed directly with a 9 species hydrogen/air kinetic mechanism. The 4mm jet and crossflow domain utilized an automatic mesh adaptation method centered around the flame shear layer. The study models the second stage of a lab-scale gas turbine test facility at a pressure level of 5atm,a crossflow temperature of 1620K, and crossflow velocity of 75m/s. The models were compared to physical experiments conducted and analyzed with line-of-sight CH* chemiluminescence to create more insight into the phenomena of the combustion process. Flame position along the windward and leeside stabilization points were overlaid, and the validated CFD model utilized to characterize reaction progress as a function of jet entrainment with hot oxidizer. At elevated momentum flux ratio, increased reaction rates along the shear layer of the diffusion flame were attributed to the enhanced contact area between the fuel jet and crossflow oxidizer. The results outline the potential of carbon-free combustion technology and highlight the importance of tuning the operating condition for application in gas turbines.

Thesis Completion




Thesis Chair/Advisor

Ahmed, Kareem


Bachelor Science in Aerospace Engineering (B.S.A.E.)


College of Engineering and Computer Science


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Program

Aerospace Engineering



Access Status

Open Access

Release Date


Included in

Engineering Commons