This thesis aims to contribute to the understanding of quantum materials by employing a combination of experimental techniques, such as angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and magnetic and transport measurements. Further collaborative support in the form of first-principles calculations is included and discussed in tandem. In this thesis, a lanthanide-based semimetal of the ZrSiS type, is investigated. Multiple nodal lines which remain gapless are observed along the X-R direction of the Brillouin zone. We also present a nodal line that is observed further below the Fermi level and aligned in the G-M direction; this nodal line appears to be sensitive to light source polarization. A surface state at the X point is also observed. Finally, this thesis includes some discussion on the development of a sample growth laboratory, along with the presentation and characterization of grown Bi2Se3 samples. With potential applications in the fields of spintronics and novel microelectronic devices, the experimental realization and understanding of quantum materials is key to a deeper understanding of materials physics.
Bachelor of Science (B.S.)
College of Sciences
Smith, Robert, "Observation of Gapless Nodal-Lines in a Rare-Earth-Based Compound" (2023). Honors Undergraduate Theses. 1424.