Gay and bisexual men infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) comprise a sizable, medically vulnerable population. Depression is the most commonly experienced mental health disorder affecting this group of people, lending itself to a host of risks associated with depression. As screening of depression in this population can be challenging, it is vital that clinicians have the best available tools and guidelines to detect depressive symptomology. This focused, comprehensive review of the literature examined current data describing the clinical instruments used to detect depressive symptoms in HIV-infected gay and bisexual men. The aim of this analysis was to seek out which instruments were the most widely and successfully employed for this population. An initial search using EBSCOhost and associated databases CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Health and Psychosocial Instruments alongside inclusion and exclusion criteria found 1,899 articles. Results were narrowed using additional inclusion and exclusion criteria and relevancy, yielding a total of 13 articles for review. The findings of this review suggest screening of depressive symptoms in HIV-infected gay and bisexual men was most successful using the CES-D, the BSI-18, and the BDI. Health care providers should have an understanding of the importance in assessing this population for depression and have access to the best possible tools to do so.
Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.S.N.)
College of Nursing
Orlando (Main) Campus
Isner, Michael, "What are the Most Commonly Used Tools to Screen Depression in HIV-Infected Gay and Bisexual Men?" (2017). Honors Undergraduate Theses. 205.