Children are considered a vulnerable population in society. While thermoregulation in children is similar to that of an adult, children are vulnerable to heat-related illness. Student athletes have been found to be particularly vulnerable to heat-related illness for numerous reasons, including intense outdoor play. Football players are perhaps the most at-risk population of student athletes due to the intense physical requirements, outdoor practice during the hottest months of the year, and the extensive protective equipment required. By conducting a literature review on the subject of pediatric heat illness, the purpose of this thesis is to explore evidenced based research and guidelines regarding heat-related illness prevention. This review of literature was conducted through the utilization of the University of Central Florida's online databases using the EBSCOhost platform of: CINAHL Plus with Full Text, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, ERIC, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and SPORTDiscus. This thesis is unique because it does not focus on an individual sport; rather, it focuses on pediatric athletes from various disciplines. The prevalence, pathophysiology, prevention, and treatment of heat-related injuries are complex phenomena requiring the attention of law makers, athletic associations, school officials, coaches, athletic trainers, parents, and students.

Thesis Completion




Thesis Chair

Heglund, Stephen


Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.S.N.)


College of Nursing



Access Status

Open Access

Release Date


Restricted to the UCF community until 8-1-2019; it will then be open access.