The Effects of Zinc Nanofertilizers on Tomato Plants
Farmers around the world aim to use soil with adequate nutrients to produce sufficient and quality crops to the world’s ever-growing population. Unbalanced use of nutrients in the soil will lead to soil deficiency, which is usually seen in South and Southeast Asian countries. This soil deficiency is often due to loss of micronutrient(s) within the soil from farming practices. Micronutrient deficiency affects not only plant growth but human health. Plants grown in nutrient deficient soil produce food with nutrient deficiencies, which affect people dependent on these foods for nutrients (Kathmandu, 2004). Nutrient deficient diseases and disorders like malnutrition are often seen in such cases. Current farming practices often involve leaching, mineralization, and bioconversion, which result in 50-70% loss of micronutrients. Smart practices from nanotechnology can lead conventional farming to more sustainable agriculture(Chhippa, 2016). This study aims to improve the dispersibility and uptake of zinc in plants different dual combination of 'green' capping agents in zinc nanoparticles. The results of this study suggest tomato plants treated with urea coated with 3% Zn (w/w) using NAC-SAL ZnO showed a higher number of leaves and number of fruits set compared to controls.