The purpose of this study was to better understand the way that intersectional identities affect one's perception of one's healthcare experience. Many previous studies focus on one facet of the minority experience, such as race or sexual orientation, and even then, limit it to a comparison between the majority population and one small subsection of the population of interest (ex: studying only African-Americans as racial minorities and disregarding other minority races). This study was more of a broad survey that sought to account for the unique intersection of different minority identities that one may possess and which ultimately affects how they are perceived and treated in society. This study surveyed 115, primarily college-aged, participants that fell into one of four categories: White/Caucasian and Cisgender/Heterosexual, White/Caucasian and LGBTQ+, Racial Minority and Cisgender/Heterosexual, and Racial Minority and LGBTQ+. Participants were asked to complete an open-ended survey and a Likert scale to rate and review their experiences with healthcare in general, and in regards to their identity. Results showed that although minority participants, especially those who were double minorities (racial minority and LGBTQ+) did not always explicitly express being discriminated against, they often showed it through other ways, such as being more likely to report distrust of their healthcare provider or an unwillingness to seek healthcare despite possessing health concerns. LGBTQ+ individuals were also much more likely to report discriminatory practices in healthcare than racial minorities or the majority group on a statistically significant level. This indicates that minority identities predispose individuals to lower quality of care and this health discrepancy manifests at different intensities based on an individual's specific minority makeup.

Thesis Completion




Thesis Chair/Advisor

Sims, Valerie


Bachelor of Science (B.S.)


College of Sciences





Access Status

Open Access

Release Date