Prematurity is a worldwide problem. Every year, 15 million babies are born prematurely, and 1 million of those babies die because of related complications. The surviving premature babies are struggling to hold on to their lives, and even when they do live, most of them end up having various complications to survive and get stronger. There are physical complications faced on their journey such as having underdeveloped lungs, pneumonia, obesity, sepsis, retinopathy of prematurity, respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, asthma, wheezing, bronchiolitis, cerebral palsy, and motor impairment. They can also develop mental and behavioral health complications such as depression, seizures developmental delay, schizophrenia, autism spectrum disorder, psychological development disorders, behavioral problems, attention problems, and ADHD later in life. The purpose of this systemic review is to understand the impact of long-term complications of premature birth on individual life and society. We hypothesized that based on data from primary research, nearly one half of the infants will have either physical and/or cognitive/developmental health complications. We hypothesized that infants born premature have more physical complications than cognitive complications and infants born prematurely have more cognitive complications than physical complications. This research was carried out by finding cohort study design studies through Medline, Academic Search Premier, and APA PsychINFO, where the studies will be compiled from 2003 – 2020.

Thesis Completion




Thesis Chair/Advisor

Ferdowsi, Katia


Bachelor of Science (B.S.)


College of Health Professions and Sciences


Health Sciences



Access Status

Open Access

Release Date