The following study investigates hydrodynamic stability for two-dimensional, incompressible flow past a cylinder and compares it alongside four different variations of a wave-like ground introduced within the wake region of the cylinder wake. These different variations include changing the distance of the cylinder both horizontally from the wave-like structure and vertically from the ground. The geometry and meshes were initially constructed using GMSH and imported into Nektar++. The baseflows were then obtained in Nektar++ using the Velocity Correction Scheme, continuous Galerkin method, and Unsteady Navier Stokes solver. Then, the Implicitly Restarted Arnoldi Method driver was used to retrieve the various eigenvalues/eigenmodes and growth rates. Finally, the results were visualized in Paraview which allowed clear comparisons between the stability of the flow between each case. The findings obtained show a clear effect on stability when considering different cases, for a plain cylinder and for each case there are observations to be made in how the various eigenmodes varied in terms of magnitude and shape, other observations were made in the differing critical Reynolds number and frequencies among the cases. This study is relevant to various natural environments where a blunt object may come in range of a bumpy or wavy ground. In these scenarios it can be important to monitor how instabilities propagate and cause effects such as turbulence or drag. Additionally, investigation like these can detail how to effectively avoid undesirable characteristics of instability.

Thesis Completion




Thesis Chair

Bhattacharya, Samik


Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering (B.S.M.E.)


College of Engineering and Computer Science


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Program

Mechanical engineering



Access Status

Open Access

Release Date