The FanWing propulsion system is a novel propulsion system which aerodynamically behaves as a hybrid between a helicopter and a fixed wing aircraft, and if the knowledge base with regards to this novel concept can be fully explored, there could be a new class of aircraft developed. In the current research, only 2D CFD studies have been done for the FanWing, hence the 3D lift characteristics of the FanWing have been unknown thus far, at least in the theoretical domain. Therefore, it was proposed to develop a modified Prandtl's Lifting Line Theory numerical solution and a CFD solution, comparing the results of each. A new variable was introduced into the classical Lifting Line Theory solution, αi,FW, to account for the additional lift produced by the FanWing as opposed to a traditional airfoil. This variable, αi,FW, is a function of the wing angle and the velocities taken at three-quarter chord length on the FanWing. The introduction of this variable was informed by other papers which superimposed velocities when developing Lifting Line Theory for unconventional airfoil planforms. After introducing a correction factor, the numerical model aligned with the 3D CFD results where LLT assumptions were valid. For the 3D simulation, it was observed that the lift per unit span rapidly increases from quarter span to wingtip, which is different from traditional wing planforms. This study provides a valuable first step towards documenting the 3D lift characteristics of the novel FanWing propulsion system.
Bachelor Science in Aerospace Engineering (B.S.A.E.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Kaminski, Christopher, "Development of Lifting Line Theory for the FanWing Propulsion System" (2021). Honors Undergraduate Theses. 996.