The attitudes of second-year associate degree nursing students toward persons with AIDS who became infected with HIV by one of three different modes of transmission, and toward patients not having AIDS but instead having leukemia, was investigated. Participants read one of four vignettes about a man having either leukemia or AIDS contracted by either unsafe male-male sexual activity, unsafe dsug use, or through a blood transfusion. Participants then responded to two attitude inventories and answered fourteen questions about descriptive variables. Results from factor analysis and univariate analysis of variance indicated that students’ attitudes were most positive toward the individual with leukemia, nearly as positive toward the individual with AIDS who contracted HIV through a blood transfusion, less positive if he had acquired HIV by unsafe drug activity, and least positive if he had acquired HIV by unsafe male-male sexual activity.



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