Solving interfacial flows numerically has been a challenge due to the lack of sharpness and the presence of spurious currents at the interface. Two methods, Algebraic Coupled Level Set-Volume of Fluid (A-CLSVOF) method and Ghost Fluid Method (GFM) have been developed in the finite volume framework and employed in several interfacial flows such as Rayleigh-Taylor instability, rising bubble, impinging droplet and cross-flow oil plume. In the static droplet simulation, A-CLSVOF substantially reduces the spurious currents. The capillary wave relaxation shows that this method delivers results comparable to those of more rigorous methods such as Front Tracking methods for fine grids. The results for the other interfacial flows also compared well with the experimental results. Next, interfacial forces are implemented by enlisting the finite volume discretization of Ghost Fluid Method. To assess the A-CLSVOF/GFM performance, four cases are studied. In the case of the static droplet in suspension, the combined A-CLSVOF/GFM produces a sharp and accurate pressure jump compared to the traditional CSF (continuum surface force) implementation. For the linear two-layer shear flow, GFM sharp treatment of the viscosity captured the velocity gradient across the interface. For a gaseous bubble rising in a viscous fluid, GFM outperforms CSF by almost 10%. Also, a Decoupled Pressure A-CLSVOF/GFM method (DPM) has been developed which separates pressure into two pressure components, one accounting for interfacial forces such as surface tension and another representing the rest of flow pressure. It is proven that the DPM implementation results in more efficiency in PISO (Pressure Implicit with Splitting of Operators) loop. A two-phase solver is used to study buoyant oil discharge in quiescent and cross-flow ambient. Different modes of breakup including dripping, jetting (axisymmetric and asymmetric) and atomization for cross-flow oil jet are captured.
If this is your thesis or dissertation, and want to learn how to access it or for more information about readership statistics, contact us at STARS@ucf.edu
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Haghshenas, Majid, "Numerical Study of Interfacial Flow using Algebraic Coupled Level Set-Volume of Fluid (A-CLSVOF) Method" (2018). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019. 6425.