Abstract

Detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in infants and children is important as it leads to permanent hip instability. Current methods for detecting DDH, such as ultrasound and x-rays, are relatively expensive and need qualified medical personnel to administer the test. Furthermore, x-ray ionizing radiation can have potential harmful effects. In the current study, an acoustic non-invasive and simple approach was investigated for detection of DDH. Different benchtop simplified models and pig models were constructed and tested. Models were stimulated with band-limited white acoustic noise (10-2500 Hz) and the response of the models was measured. The power spectrum density, transfer function, and coherence were determined for different hip dysplasia levels and for normal cases. Results showed that the power spectrum density, transfer function, and coherence were affected by dysplasia occurrence. Effects appear larger for more severe dysplastic hips. This suggests that the proposed approach may have potential for DDH detection.

Notes

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Graduation Date

2019

Semester

Fall

Advisor

Mansy, Hansen

Degree

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (M.S.M.E.)

College

College of Engineering and Computer Science

Department

Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Program

Mechanical Engineering; Thermo-Fluids

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0007816

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0007816

Language

English

Release Date

December 2019

Length of Campus-only Access

None

Access Status

Masters Thesis (Open Access)

Restricted to the UCF community until December 2019; it will then be open access.

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