Real-time crash risk prediction aims to predict the crash probabilities within a short time period, it is expected to play a crucial role in the advanced traffic management system. However, most of the existing studies only focused on freeways rather than urban arterials because of the complicated traffic environment of the arterials. This thesis proposes a long short-term memory convolutional neural network (LSTM-CNN) to predict the real-time crash risk at arterials. The advantage of this model is it can benefit from both LSTM and CNN. Specifically, LSTM captures the long-term dependency of the data while CNN extracts the time-invariant features. Four urban arterials in Orlando, FL are selected to conduct a case study. Different types of data are utilized to predict the crash risk, including traffic data, signal timing data, and weather data. Various data preparation techniques are applied also. In addition, the synthetic minority over-sampling technique (SMOTE) is used for oversampling the crash cases to address the data imbalance issue. The LSTM-CNN is fine-tuned on the training data and validated on the test data via different metrics. In the end, five other benchmarks models are also developed for model comparison, including Bayesian Logistics Regression, XGBoost, LSTM, CNN, and Sequential LSTM-CNN. Experimental results suggest that the proposed LSTM-CNN outperforms others in terms of Area Under the Curve (AUC) value, sensitivity, and false alarm rate. The findings of this thesis indicate the promising performance of using LSTM-CNN to predict real-time crash risk at arterials.
Master of Science (M.S.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Civil, Environmental, and Construction Engineering
Civil Engineering; Smart Cities Track
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Li, Pei, "A Deep Learning Approach for Real-time Crash Risk Prediction at Urban Arterials" (2020). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2020-. 89.