This article investigates the differences between women administrators and faculty at the Colorado University. Of the three groups, the faculty scored closest to an androgynous rating, the current administrators more masculine, and the former administrators the most masculine. It is important to remember that definitions of masculinity and femininity are generated by the respondent's self-perception of traits consonant with sex-role stereotypes and not by conformity to any generalized principle of masculinity or femininity. Thus, administrators perceived themselves as fitting best with stereotypical assumptions of masculine qualities, while faculty perceived themselves to fit best with androgynous characteristics.
Wahl, T. A., & Vocate, D. R. (1993). Differences between women administrators and faculty. Journal of the Association for Communication Administration, 22(3), 56–66.