This article addressed affirmative action in academe by examining the judicial justification for the policy and the 1973 and 1983 American Association of University Professor (AAUP) recommendations. Those reviews indicated that the Supreme Court supported affirmative action using distributive justice principles. Moreover, the AAUP recommendations are also based on distributive justice principles. In the 1973 report, the AAUP called mostly for increased opportunities for women and minorities to enter the academy. In its 1983 report, the AAUP reiterated the need to alter the workplace to include more women and minorities and added a call for to remove barriers to tenure and promotion.
Siltanen, S. A. (1994). Affirmative action in academe: Increase opportunities, remove barriers, and change attitudes. Journal of the Association for Communication Administration, 23(3), 137–145.