This article attempts to address the issue of part-time faculty employment in the U.S. Since the early 1970's, the composition of faculty in higher education has changed dramatically. Increasingly, part-time instructors have come to dominate higher education in roles that have shifted from occasionally providing an outside specialty to regularly replacing full-time faculty members. The trends in employment of part-time faculty members reflect the attempts of institutions of higher education to cope with the financial and demographic crises of the past twenty years. The challenge of the future is to integrate part-time faculty, tapping their talents and energies, while providing them with collegial support and a positive relationship to the institution.
German, K. M. (1996). Part-time faculty: Identifying the trends and challenges. Journal of the Association for Communication Administration, 25(3), 231–241.