CIRS - Curriculum Inquiry and Related Studies in Educational Research: A Searchable Bibliography of Selected Studies is a database of research studies that focuses primarily on curriculum practices and policies in education, inquiry methods useful in studying these topics, and exemplary studies from the published literature on these topics. This bibliography features a search capability by which a user can readily draw out from this list of nearly 4000 (and continually expanding) citations a list of those citations of interest on a specific topic. It covers much of the 20th century and 21st century literature to date. Each citation is accompanied by a brief annotation of its contents and by a series of descriptors by which it can be located in a search of the entire bibliography. To see what appears in a full citation, see a citation in the list below. This list, by the way, contains all the citations available in CIRS and can be browsed here if desired.

For searching or printing help, visit the Tips for Using the CIRS Database page. For more information about this database, click on any of the following links: About the Bibliography; Significance; About the Compiler.

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Taxel, Joel, "The Black Experience in Children's Fiction: Controversies Surrounding Award Winning Books," Curriculum Inquiry, 16(Fall, 1986), 245-281., Joel Taxel

Annotation: Discussed bases for the controversies on this topic.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry,Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Literature, Ideology and School Knowledge, Materials Development and Evaluation

Taylor, Charles, "Interpretation and the Science of Man," pp. 101-131 in Fred R. Dallmayr and Thomas A. McCarthy, eds., Understanding and Social Inquiry . Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1977. Originally published in The Renewal of Metaphysics, 25(1971), 3-34, 45-51.*, Charles Taylor

Annotation: Presents the means and significance of intersubjective meanings and their interpretation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Hermeneutic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Taylor, Harold, "Meiklejohn and Dewey in the 1950's," pp. 178-192 in Craig Kridel, ed., Curriculum History . Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1989., Harold Taylor

Annotation: Traces how Meiklejohn and Dewey handled the criticism of progressive education in higher education during this period; provides some historical background as well.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Higher Education Curriculum

Taylor, Philip H., "Curriculum Research: Retrospect and Prospect --A Personal Appreciation," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 14(January-March, 1982), 53-59., Philip H. Taylor

Annotation: Summarizes past curriculum research in Great Britain and discusses its future prospects.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum

Taylor, Philip H., "The Metaphor as a Source of Curriculum Knowledge," pp. 9-14 in William H. Schubert and Ann L. Schubert, eds., Conceptions of Curriculum Knowledge: Focus on Students and Teachers. University Park, PA: College of Education, Pennsylvania State University, 1982., Philip H. Taylor

Annotation: Presents a typology of educational metaphors for use in curriculum and traces their use historically from 1905-1968.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Content Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses, Curriculum History

Taylor, Philip H., William A. Reid, and B. J. Halley, The English Sixth Form: A Case Study in Curriculum Research. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1974., Philip H. Taylor, William A. Reid, and B. J. Halley

Annotation: Presents a study of the English Sixth Form curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum

Taylor, Philip H., and Jack Walton, eds., The Curriculum: Research, Innovation and Change . London: Ward Lock Educational, 1973., Philip H. Taylor and Jack Walton

Annotation: Presents a set of twelve 1973 British conference papers on curriculum development, curriculum courses, curriculum research, school curriculum, and curriculum change.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum

Taylor, William, ed., Metaphors of Education . Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann Educational Books, 1984., William Taylor

Annotation: Includes essays by eight writers on the use of metaphors in education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Taylor, William, "Power and the Curriculum," pp. 7-21 in Colin Richards, ed., Power and the Curriculum: Issues in Curriculum Studies . Nafferton, England: Nafferton Books, 1978 / Walkergate Press, 1979.*, William Taylor

Annotation: Relates the new criticism to the politics of the curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Tefera, Adai A., Jeanne M. Powers, and Gustavo E. Fischman, "Intentionality in Education: A Conceptual Aspiration and Research Imperative, Review of Research in Education, 42(2018), vii-xvii., Adai A. Tefera, Jeanne M. Powers, and Gustavo E. Fischman

Annotation: Explores the appearance and recent history of the term "intentionality" as it is used in research in law and in education; introduces articles in this issue of RRE.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research and Inquiry -- General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: SIngle Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Teitelbaum, Kenneth, "Curriculum," pp. 168-177 in Sandra Mathison and E. Wayne Ross, eds., Battleground Schools. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2008., Kenneth Teitelbaum

Annotation: Identifies controversies in the field of curriculum that require deliberation and decision; includes definitional issues, competing interests, what knowledge is of most worth, and a list of current debates over specific content.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Teitelbaum, Kenneth, "Curriculum Theorizing," pp. 127-131 in Joe L. Kincheloe and Danny Weil, eds., Critical Thinking and Learning: An Encyclopedia for Parents and Teachers. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2004., Kenneth Teitelbaum

Annotation: Defines the nature, goals, and processes of curriculum theorizing.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Teitelbaum, Kenneth, Schooling for 'Good Rebels': Socialism, American Education, and the Search for Radical Curriculum. New York: Teachers College Press, 1995., Kenneth Teitelbaum

Annotation: Examines curriculum of Socialist Sunday schools of the early twentieth century.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics, Religious & Private Schooling

Teitelbaum, Kenneth N., "Contestation and Curriculum: The Efforts of American Socialists, 1900-1920," pp. 32-55 in Landon E. Beyer and Michael W. Apple, eds., The Curriculum: Problems, Politics, and Possibilities. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1988., Kenneth N. Teitelbaum

Annotation: Describes the socialist schools of this period and their curricula.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Visions and Philosophies, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Religious & Private Schooling

Terhart, Ewald, "The Adventures of Interpretation: Approaches to Validity," Curriculum Inquiry, 15(Winter, 1985), 451-464., Ewald Terhart

Annotation: Discusses three types of interpretive research in education--ethnographic/descriptive, dialogical, and structuralist--and argues for validating each.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry, Hermeneutic Inquiry, Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes

Tesch, Renata, "Emerging Themes: The Researchers' Experience," Phenomenology+Pedagogy, 5(No. 3, 1987), 230-241.*, Renata Tesch

Annotation: Discusses the identification of themes and patterns in phenomenological data.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Thaman, Konai Helu, "Culture and the Curriculum in the South Pacific," Comparative Education, 29(No. 3, 1993), 249-260., Konai Helu Thaman

Annotation: Argues for cultural analysis and cultural literacy in curriculum development projects in Pacific countries.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Comparative Curriculum

Thayer-Bacon, Barbara, and Diana Moyer, "Philosophical and Historical Research," pp. 139-156 in Kenneth Tobin and Joe L. Kincheloe, eds., Doing Educational Research: A Handbook. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2006., Barbara Thayer-Bacon and Diana Moyer

Annotation: Discusses the value and processes of doing philosophical and historical research in education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Thayer, William R., and W. C. Wolf Jr., "The Generalizability of Selected Knowledge Diffusion/Utilization Know-How," Knowledge: Creation, Diffusion, Utilization, 5(June, 1984), 447-467., William R. Thayer and W. C. Wolf Jr.

Annotation: Questions the generalizability of some knowledge about the diffusion-utilization process.

Broad Topical Focus: Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Utilization

Thelin, John R., "The Anatomy of Institutions: Historians and the Search for the Unwritten Constitution," pp. 66-70 in Craig Kridel, ed., Curriculum History . Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1989., John R. Thelin

Annotation: Discusses problems of writing histories of particular institutions of higher education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Higher Education Curriculum

Thiessen, Dennis, "Researching Student Experiences in Elementary and Secondary School: An Evolving Field of Study," pp. 1-76 in Dennis Thiessen and Alison Cook-Sather, eds., International Handbook of Student Experiences in Elementary and Secondary School. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, 2007., Dennis Thiessen

Annotation: Gives a comprehensive overview of the available research on the topic, organized around three "orientations" in each of which are catalogued and described the major studies done in the periods 1966-1990 and 1991-2005; 28 articles follow which report research studies on specific subtopics.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum as Experience

Thiessen, Dennis, "Teachers and their Curriculum--Change Orientations," pp. 132-145 in Geoffrey Milburn, Ivor F. Goodson, and Robert J. Clark, eds., Re-Interpreting Curriculum Research: Images and Arguments . Philadelphia: Falmer, 1989., Dennis Thiessen

Annotation: A study of teachers' curriculum change constructs in four orientations.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Comparative Curriculum

Thiessen, Dennis, "Understanding the Multiple 'Realities' of Construed Curriculum Change," Curriculum Perspectives , 10 (October, 1990), 34-48.*, Dennis Thiessen

Annotation: Reports a qualitative study of educators views of curriculum change with interpretations in four distinct orientations.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Implementation, Comparative Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Thiessen, Dennis, Elizabeth Campbell, Ruben Gaztambide-Fernandez, and Kelli Nigh, "40th Anniversary of 'Curriculum Inquiry'-- Part I," Curriculum Inquiry, 40(January, 2010), 1-16., Dennis Thiessen, Elizabeth Campbell, Ruben Gaztambide-Fernandez, and Kelli Nigh

Annotation: Introduces the first two issues of Curriculum Inquiry (volume 40) in celebration of the 40th anniversary year of the journal (written by the current editors); provides some history of the early years of the journal; lists 14 essay reviews of key publications that were commissioned to appear in Volume 40 (Nos. 1 & 2) following an introductory essay written by William H. Schubert; see also their essay introducing Volume 40 (No. 2)

Broad Topical Focus: Publication Outlets for Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Literature of Curriculum

Thigpen, Carol, "Meiklejohn and Maritain: Two Views on the End of Progressive Education,' Teachers College Record, 96(Fall, 1994), 87-101., Carol Thigpen

Annotation: Gives the views of Meiklejohn and Maritain on Dewey's philosophy of education and identifies the curriculum that corresponds to each of their views.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Tholfsen, Trygve R., "The Ambiguous Virtues of the Study of History," Teachers College Record, 79(December, 1977), 245-257., Trygve R. Tholfsen

Annotation: Describes the advantages of the study of history.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry,Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Social Studies, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Thomas, Gary, "Changing Our Landscape of Inquiry for a New Science of Education," Harvard Education Review, 82(Spring, 2012), 226-51., Gary Thomas

Annotation: Argues that education research misunderstands the nature of scientific method; gives a revised view and urges the cultivation of a new education science that is a part of education practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes, Education as a Field of Study, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Practical Knowledge

Thomas, Gary, Education and Theory: Strangers in Paradigms. New York: Open University Press, 2007., Gary Thomas

Annotation: Examines critically the tenacity with which education adheres to theory; chapter six explicitly critiques Strauss and Corwin's "grounded theory."

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Thomas, Gary, "What's the Use of Theory?" Harvard Educational Review, 67 (Spring, 1997), 75-104.*, Gary Thomas

Annotation: Analyzes the uses of the term theory within educational inquiry and argues against its use in this context.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Thomas, Hywel, "Education and the Maximization of Welfare: A Response to 'Curricular Yogis and Cost-Benefit Commissars'," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 15(January-March, 1983), 73-82., Hywel Thomas

Annotation: Responds to O'Keeffe's article in 13 (3), 1981; analyzes implications for curriculum of policies designed to maximize the economic benefit from educational spending.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Defining Curriculum Research Questions, Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Thomas, R. M., "Curriculum Enrichment," pp. 1183-1185 in T. Husen and T. N. Postlethwaite. eds., International Encyclopedia of Education . New York: Pergamon, 1984., R. M. Thomas

Annotation: Describes two types of curriculum enrichment: extended planning and individualized enrichment.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Differentiation, Content Selection and Organization

Thomas, Thomas F., and William H. Schubert, "Recent Curriculum Theory: Proposals for Understanding, Critical Praxis, Inquiry, and Expansion of Conversation," Educational Theory, 47(Spring, 1997), 261-285.*, Thomas F. Thomas and William H. Schubert

Annotation: Reviews and critques three books-- Understanding Curriculum (Pinar, et al.), Curriculum for Utopia (Stanley), and Studying Curriculum (Goodson).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Classics of Curriculum Literature, Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Thomas, Thomas P., and Peter B. Hilton, "Subject Matter as Experience," pp. 11-18 in Ming Fang He, Brian D. Schultz, and William H. Schubert, eds., The Sage Guide to Curriculum in Education. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2015., Thomas P. Thomas and Peter B. Hilton

Annotation: Reviews various orientations taken by leading curriculum theorists on making experience the focus of the curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum as Experience

Thompson, Harry, and Christine E. Deer, "The Institutionalization of a Senior Secondary Curriculum in New South Wales High Schools," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 21(March-April, 1989), 169-184., Harry Thompson and Christine E. Deer

Annotation: Reports a study of aspects of institutionalization of a curriculum using Miles' conceptualizations.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Implementation, Secondary School Curriculum, Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum Deliberation

Thompson, Merritt M., "The History of the Curriculum," pp. 106-111 in his The History of Education . New York: Barnes and Noble, 1951. (College Outline Series, No. 9)., Merritt M. Thompson

Annotation: Outlines the history of curriculum from the Greeks to the 20th century.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum

Thornton, Stephen J., "Curriculum, Construction and Evaluation of," in D. C. Philiips, ed., Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2014., Stephen J. Thornton

Annotation: Summarizes the processes typically employed in constructing and evaluating the curriculum; Gives some historical references to work of curriculum scholars; see related entry by the same author on Hidden Curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum History, Evaluation of Instruction

Thornton, Stephen J., and Keith C. Barton, "Can History Stand Alone? Drawbacks and Blind Spots of a 'Disciplinary' Curriculum," Teachers College Record, 112(September, 2010) 2471-2495., Stephen J. Thornton and Keith C. Barton

Annotation: Summarizes the array of positions taken on the question of what place and form historical knowledge should have within school curriculum; analyzes the arguments made by various authorities over the last 100 years or more on this question; lays out a basis for gaining some consensus on the matter across conflicting positions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Historical Inquiry, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Social Studies

Tienken, Christopher H., "Democratic Education: What Would Dewey Say?" Kappa Delta Pi Record, 56(1, 2020), 35-41., Christopher H. Tienken

Annotation: Draws attention to Dewey's conception of democracy and its implications for today's curriculum; mentions both threats to and opportunities for democratic education to be newly emphasized.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Democratic Education

Tienken, Christopher H., "Non-Standardized Standards," Kappa Delta Pi Record, 50(April-June, 2014), 56-60., Christopher H. Tienken

Annotation: Argues against the standardized curriculum system currently being imposed on schools by corporate interests and in favor of local standards; provides data to support these arguments.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Local Control of Schooling

Tienken, Christopher H., "The Social Reform Landscape Reloaded: More Fraud, Myths, and LIes, 2nd Ed. Rowman & Littlefield, 2021., Christopher H. Tienken

Annotation: Critiques a wide range of policies and practices that dominate current education reforms by corporate elites; challenges numerous myths supporting these reforms; argues for return to democratic and localized policies and practices that support true education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry - Ampliative Criticism, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Criticisms of Schooling, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Curriculum and Poitics, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge, Local Control of Schooling, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Tierney, William G., "On Translation: From Research Findings to Public Utility," Theory into Practice, 39(Summer, 2000), 185-190., William G. Tierney

Annotation: Indicates barriers to change in getting qualitative research to be more accessible to the public; proposes ways to increase accessibility.

Broad Topical Focus: Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Utilization

Tierney, William G., and Yvonna A. Lincoln, eds., Representation and the Text: Re-Framing the Narrative Voice. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1997., William G. Tierney and Yvonna A. Lincoln

Annotation: Explores issues surrounding the writing of qualitative research as texts.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry, Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research

Tikunoff, William J., and John R. Mergendollar, "Inquiry as a Means to Professional Growth: The Teacher as Researcher," pp. 210-227 in Gary A. Griffin, ed., Staff Development, 82nd Yearbook of NSSE, Part II. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983., William J. Tikunoff and John R. Mergendollar

Annotation: Makes the case for inquiry done by teachers.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Research, Teaching/Learning Process, In-service Teacher Development

Tikunoff, William J., Beatrice A. Ward, and Franklin D. Stacy, "Toward Ecology -Based Curriculum: A Model for Professional Growth Through Participatory Research and Development," pp. 61-80 in Roy A. Edelfelt and E. Brooks Smith, eds., Breakaway to Multidimensional Approaches: Integrating Curriculum Development and Inservice Education . Washington, DC: Association for Teacher Education, 1978.*, William J. Tikunoff, Beatrice A. Ward, and Franklin D. Stacy

Annotation: Sets forth an interactive model for curriculum development.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Teacher Research, In-service Teacher Development

Tillett, Wade, "Integrated, Holistic, and Core Subject Matter," pp. 96-102 in Ming Fang He, Brian D. Schultz, and William H. Schubert, eds., The Sage Guide to Curriculum in Education. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2015., Wade Tillett

Annotation: Distinguishes among three ways of integating curriculum subject matter and reviews theoretical and research work related to them.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Integration

Tittle, Carol Kehr, "Research on Sex Equity in Education: An Agenda for the Divisions, SIG's and AERA," Educational Researcher, 14(November, 1985), 10-18., Carol Kehr Tittle

Annotation: Examines the research on sex equity in education and recommends actions in AERA based upon her findings.

Broad Topical Focus: Defining Curriculum Research Questions, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: American/International Curriculum Organizations

Tobin, Gerald A., and Cecily M. Begley, "Triangulation as a Method of Inquiry," Journal of Critical Inquiry into Curriculum and Instruction, 3(Winter, 2002), 7-11., Gerald A. Tobin and Cecily M. Begley

Annotation: Identifies six types of triangulation used in inquiry and discusses the merits and applications of these triangulation methods for ensuring trustworthiness of qualitative research findings.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research

Tobin, Kenneth, and Joe L. Kincheloe, eds., Doing Educational Research: A Handbook. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2006., Kenneth Tobin and Joe L. Kincheloe

Annotation: Contains descriptions and illustrations of doing ten different kinds of educational research that have the potential of changing education, not just studying it; also contains chapters on general issues related to doing these kinds of research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Todd, Vivian Edmiston, "Contributions of Ralph W. Tyler to the Curriculum Field," Journal of Thought, 21(Spring, 1986), 61-69., Vivian Edmiston Todd

Annotation: Gives Tyler's contributions to the curriculum field.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Toll, Cathy A., "Critical and Postmodern Perspectives on School Change," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 16(Summer, 2001), 345-367.*, Cathy A. Toll

Annotation: Examines the limitations of modernist approaches to school reform (both conservative and liberal) and highlights the potential of postmodern and critical perspectives on school reform.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Tom, Alan, "Disciplined Study of the Problems of Practice: An Alternative to Craft- or Discipline-Based Educational Inquiry," Educational Administration Quarterly, 23(May, 1987), 7-22.*, Alan Tom

Annotation: Proposes a multidisciplinary approach to the study of educational practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Defining Curriculum Research Questions, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes

Tom, Alan R., "Inquiring into Inquiry-Oriented Teacher Education," Journal of Teacher Education , 36(September-October, 1985), 35-44., Alan R. Tom

Annotation: Presents several distinct kinds of inquiry within teacher education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design,Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form,Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry,Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Teacher Education

Tomkins, George S., A Common Countenance: Stability and Change in the Canadian Curriculum . Scarborough, Ontario: Prentice-Hall Canada Inc.,1986., George S. Tomkins

Annotation: Provides a thorough-going historical account of the curriculum in Canadian schools from 1841-today.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum

Tomkins, George S., ed., The Curriculum in Canada in Historical Perspective . 1979 Yearbook of Canadian Society for the Study of Education. Vancouver, BC: CSSE, 1979., George S. Tomkins

Annotation: Provides a history of various aspects of Canadian curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum

Tomkins, George S., "Foreign Influences on Curriculum Policy Making and Development in Canada: Some Impressions in Historical and Contemporary Perspectives," pp. 127-139 in Jean-Jacques Bernier and George S. Tompkins, eds., Curriculum Canada, II: Curriculum Policy and Curriculum Development . Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia, CSCI, 1980. A slightly revised version of this article appears in Curriculum Inquiry, 11(Summer, 1981), 157-166., George S. Tomkins

Annotation: Traces the French, U. S., and British influences on Canadian curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum

Tomkins, George S., "Stability and Change in Canadian Curriculum," pp. 135-158 in J. Donald Wilson, ed., Canadian Education in the 1980's . Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, Ltd., 1981., George S. Tomkins

Annotation: Highlights the factors contributing to change in the history of Canadian curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics

Tomkins, George S., "The Moral, Cultural, and Intellectual Foundation of the Canadian Curriculum," pp. 1-23 in Douglas A. Roberts and John O. Fritz, eds., Curriculum Canada V: School Subject Curriculum / Instruction Theory . Vancouver, BC: Centre for Study of C&I, University of British Columbia, 1984., George S. Tomkins

Annotation: Traces several foundational elements contributing to the nature of Canadian curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum

Tomkins, George S., "Towards a History of Curriculum Development in Canada," pp. 1-17 in his The Curriculum in Canada in Historical Perspective. 1979 Yearbook of the Canadian Society for the Study of Education. Vancouver, BC: CSSE, 1979., George S. Tomkins

Annotation: Discusses the need for and rise of a Canadian history of curriculum development.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum

Toohey, Kellen, "Minority Education Failure: Is Dialect a Factor?" Curriculum Inquiry, 16(Summer, 1986), 127-145., Kellen Toohey

Annotation: Summarizes the literature on the topic; concludes that differences in ways language is used in school and in minority communities outside school deserves further investigation; suggests teachers do their own inquiries into these matters.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Multiethnic Adaptation, English

Torbert, William R., Creating a Community of Inquiry: Conflict, Collaboration, Transformation . New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1976., William R. Torbert

Annotation: Discusses the use of action research primarily in social psychology.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Torbert, William R., Learning from Experience: Toward Consciousness . New York: Columbia University Press, 1972., William R. Torbert

Annotation: Gives an experiential theory of instruction based on experience.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum as Experience, Knowledge Generation

Torbert, William R., "Why Educational Research Has Been So Uneducational: The Case for a New Model of Social Science Based on Collaborative Inquiry," pp. 141-151 in Peter Reason and John Rowan, eds., Human Inquiry . New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1981.*, William R. Torbert

Annotation: Describes collaborative inquiry approaches and assumptions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Torres, Carlos Alberto, First Freire: Early Writings in Social Justice Education. New York: Teachers College Press, 2014., Carlos Alberto Torres

Annotation: Interprets Freire's thought in personal and analytic terms; key themes in Freire's works are cited and documented from his many writings; thorough elucidation by one of Freire's closest friends and critics.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Alternatives in Education, Citizenship Education, Conceptions of Teaching, Curriculum and Politics, Democratic Education, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses, Ethical Issues in Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge, Teaching/Learning Process

Torres, Carlos Alberto, "Interview with Henry A. Giroux," pp. 129-157 in Carlos Alberto Torres, Education, Power, and Personal Biography: Dialogues with Critical Educators. New York: Routledge, 1998., Carlos Alberto Torres

Annotation: Offers personal refections by Giroux on his own life and professional work.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Professors, Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Toshakkori, Abbas, and Charles Teddlie, "The Past and the Future of Mixed Methods Research" pp. 671-701 in their Handbook of Mixed Methods in Social and Behavioral Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2003., Abbas Toshakkori and Charles Teddlie

Annotation: Discusses the utility, design issues, inferences , logistics, and fundamental principles related to mixed methods research; a related chapter by the same authors introduces this volume of 28 chapters on various methods of mixed methods research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Toulmin, Stephen, "The Construal of Reality: Criticism in Modern and Postmodern Science," pp. 99-117 in W. J. T. Mitchell, ed., The Politics of Interpretation . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1983., Stephen Toulmin

Annotation: Shows how humanistic inquiry operates in natural sciences too.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry, Hermeneutic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Science

Tournier, M., "Curriculum History: France," pp. 1195-1197 in T. Husen and T. N. Postlethwaite, eds., International Encyclopedia of Education . New York: Pergamon, 1984., M. Tournier

Annotation: Gives a brief overview of curriculum history in France.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum

Travers, Robert M. W., "Unresolved Issues in Defining Educational Goals," Educational Theory, 37(Winter, 1987), 29-41., Robert M. W. Travers

Annotation: Analyzes several approaches to defining educational goals and objectives.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Triche, Stephen, "Gabriel Harvey's 16th Century Theory of Curriculum," Journal of Curriculum Theorizing, 29(No. 1, 2013),90-101., Stephen Triche

Annotation: Identifies the 1577 document Rhetor by Gabriel Harvey as an early work of curriculum theory; describes its contents and its orientation to curriculum as they relate to Nature, Art, and Exercise; discusses Harvey's work in relation to other 20th century curriculum theorists and to contemporary curriculum practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses, Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Triche, Stephen S., Reconceiving Curriculum: An Historical Approach. Ph. D. Dissertation, Louisiana State University, 2002., Stephen S. Triche

Annotation: Analyzes the changing views of 20th century curriculum theorists from Tyler to Pinar; outlines the origins of the technological rationale for curriculum from Ramus to Descartes; elucidates Wittgenstein's treatment of language as a form of life (not of logical analysis) and draws implications for curriculum and teaching.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Curriculum as Experience, Discourse Analysis, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Tripp, David H., "Case Study Generalization: An Agenda for Action," British Educational Research Journal, 11(No. 1, 1985), 33-43., David H. Tripp

Annotation: Puts forth an agenda for action regarding the uses of case study results.

Broad Topical Focus: Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Tripp, David H., "Socially Critical Action Research," Theory Into Practice, 29(Summer, 1990), 158-166., David H. Tripp

Annotation: Describes five characteristics of critical action research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Tripp, David H., "The Idea of Meta-Curriculum as a Common National Curriculum," Curriculum Perspectives, 9(October, 1989), 79-87., David H. Tripp

Annotation: Proposes an aim and eight criteria for the whole curriculum in Australia and specifies a national common meta-curriculum of topics, skills, and generalizations.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Core Mandates, Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum Frameworks, Local Control of Schooling

Tripp, David H., and A. John Watt, "Core Curriculum: What It Is and Why We Don't Need One," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 16(April-June, 1984), 131-141., David H. Tripp and A. John Watt

Annotation: Critiques the Australian mandate for a core curriculum (1980).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Core Mandates, Comparative Curriculum

Tronsmo, Eli, and Monika Nerland, "Local Curriculum Development as Object Construction: A Sociomaterial Analysis," Teaching and Teacher Education, 72(May, 2018), 33-43., Eli Tronsmo

Annotation: Reports an ethnographic analysis of one team of Norwegian teachers doing local curriculum development; the process is examined using Knorr Cetina's notion of "knowledge object"; detailed episodes are reported; illustrates three steps found in the process; epistemic considerations are discussed.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-Making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, and Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: SIngle Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Comparative Curriculum

Trueit, Donna, ed., Pragmatism, Post-Modernism, and Complexity Theory: The Fascinating Imaginative Realm of William E. Doll, Jr. New YorK: Routledge, 2012., Donna Trueit

Annotation: Reprints 26 of Doll's writings across forty years; organizied around his major themes and unique contributions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Trueit, Donna, William E. Doll, Jr., Hongyu Wang, and William F. Pinar, eds., The Internationalization of Curriculum Studies. New York: Peter Lang, 2003., Donna Trueit, William E. Doll Jr., Hongyu Wang, and William F. Pinar

Annotation: Presents eighteen papers from the 2000 Conference by authors from twelve countries.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, American/International Curriculum Organizations

Tschamen-Moran, Megan, and Nancy Nestor-Baker, "The Tacit Knowledge of Productive Scholars in Education," Teachers College Records, 106(July, 2004), 1484-1511., Megan Tschamen-Moran and Nancy Nestor-Baker

Annotation: Reports a study of 12 kinds of tacit knowledge held by prolific educational scholars.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum Professors, Qualitative Research, Self-Knowledge

Tuckman, Bruce W., "A Proposal for Improving the Quality of Published Educational Research," Educational Researcher , 19(December, 1990), 22-24., Bruce W. Tuckman

Annotation: Provides a scheme for rating the quality of research manuscripts before publication.

Broad Topical Focus: Publication Outlets for Curriculum Research and Inquiry, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Tulley, Michael A., and Roger Farr, "The Purposes of State Level Textbook Adoption: What Does the Legislation Reveal?" Journal of Research and Development in Education, 18(Winter, 1985), 1-6., Michael A. Tulley and Roger Farr

Annotation: Provides a case study of legislating state textbook adoptions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Textbooks, Curriculum Deliberation, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Local Control of Schooling

Turnbill, William W., "Setting Agendas for Social Research," Educational Researcher, 8(September, 1979), 9-12; 24., William W. Turnbill

Annotation: Gives views on needed research agendas in social research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure,Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry,Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Turner, Brian, "The Interdisciplinary Curriculum: From Social Medicine to Post Modernism," Sociology of Health and Illness, 12 (March, 1990), 1-23., Brian Turner

Annotation: Describes interdisiplinarity as a desirable aspect of the medical curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Integration, Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Higher Education Curriculum

Turney, David, "Sisyphus Revisited," pp. 223-239 in O. L. Davis, ed., Perspectives on Curriculum Development: 1776-1976 . Washington, DC: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1976., David Turney

Annotation: Reflects on preceding chapters in this book highlighting a number of issues of continuing importance.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Tuthill, Doug, and Patricia Ashton, "Improving Educational Research Through Development of Educational Paradigms," Educational Researcher, 12(December, 1983), 6-14., Doug Tuthill and Patricia Ashton

Annotation: Discusses the competing paradigms of educational research and ways of resolving their differences.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines,Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Tykociner, Joseph T., The Outline of Zetetics: A Study of Research and Artistic Activity. Urbana, IL: College of Engineering, University of Illinois, 1966. Available as ERIC Document ED 332 951., Joseph T. Tykociner

Annotation: Reviews and contrasts generic types of research domains, defines and distinguishes them, and shows their relationships.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes

Tykociner, Joseph T., "Zetetics and the Zetetic System of Knowledge," in his Outline of Zetetics . Urbana, IL: College of Engineering, University of Illinois, 1966. ERIC Document Reproduction Service ED 332 915 (1991).*, Joseph T. Tykociner

Annotation: Sets forth a system of knowledge with twelve primary areas and numerous subareas.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Tyler, Louise L., A Selected Guide to Curriculum Literature: An Annotated Bibliography. Washington, DC: Center for the Study of Instruction, NEA, 1970., Louise L. Tyler

Annotation: Lists, indexes, and annotates 67 significant books and articles in the literature of curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Bibliographic Compilation
Narrow Topic: Literature of Curriculum

Tyler, Louise L., "Curriculum Development From a Psychoanalytic Perspective," Educational Forum, 36(January, 1972), 173-178., Louise L. Tyler

Annotation: Explores the contributions psychoanalytic theory and practice might make to curriculum development.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Psychology and Curriculum

Tyler, Louise L., "Meaning and Schooling," Theory Into Practice, 25(Winter, 1986), 51-57., Louise L. Tyler

Annotation: Discusses psychoanalysis as a basis for curriculum and related implications.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Psychology and Curriculum, Curriculum as Experience

Tyler, Louise L., M. Frances Klein, and William B. Michael, Recommendations for Curriculum and Instructional Materials. Los Angeles: Tyl Press, 1971., Louise L. Tyler, M. Frances Klein, and William B. Michael

Annotation: Provides a set of points on which curriculum materials may be evaluated.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Materials Development and Evaluation

Tyler, Ralph W., Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1949., Ralph W. Tyler

Annotation: Presents explanation and arguments for five elements of curriculum and instructional planning (purposes, learning experiences, organization, evaluation, planning). Originally published as a Syllabus for Education 360 at the University of Chicago prepared and taught by Tyler.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Classics of Curriculum Literature, Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum Development Strategies, Evaluation of Instruction, Student Assessment, Curriculum Standards and Testing

Tyler, Ralph W., "Changing Concepts of Educational Evaluation," Special Monograph Issue, International Journal of Educational Research, 10(No. 1, 1986), 1-113., Ralph W. Tyler

Annotation: Capsulizes basic knowledge about doing educational evaluation in a comprehensive monograph.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry, Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Program Audit/Evaluation, Student Assessment

Tyler, Ralph W., "Charles Hubbard Judd: As I Came to Know Him," Teaching Education, 1(February, 1987), 19-24., Ralph W. Tyler

Annotation: Gives a personal view of Judd by this student of Judd.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Curriculum Professors

Tyler, Ralph W., "Curriculum Development and Research," pp. 29-41 in Philip L. Hosford, ed., Using What We Know About Teaching . Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1984., Ralph W. Tyler

Annotation: Discusses Eight Year Study, action research, and how communication and utilization between research and practice can be improved.

Broad Topical Focus: Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry, Curriculum Theorists, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Utilization, Curriculum History

Tyler, Ralph W., "Curriculum Development in the Twenties and Thirties," pp. 26-44 in Robert M. McClure, ed., The Curriculum: Retrospect and Prospect . The 70th Yearbook of the NSSE, Part I. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971., Ralph W. Tyler

Annotation: Surveys the history of curriculum development in the 1920s and 1930s.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Tyler, Ralph W., "Curriculum Development Since 1900," Educational Leadership , 38(May, 1981), 599-601.*, Ralph W. Tyler

Annotation: Gives a brief overview of curriculum development in the U. S. since 1960 and identifies lessons learned from this era.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Curriculum Development Strategies

Tyler, Ralph W., "Curriculum Resources," pp. 1263-1265 in T. Husen and T. N. Postlethwaite, eds., International Encyclopedia of Education . New York: Pergamon, 1984., Ralph W. Tyler

Annotation: Gives helpful resources for deciding on objectives, learning experiences, and their organization.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Tyler, Ralph W., "Desirable Content for a Curriculum Development Syllabus Today," pp. 36-48 in Alex Molnar and John A. Zahorik, eds., Curriculum Theory. Washington, DC: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1977. Reprinted pp. 395-400 in George Willis, et al., The American Curriculum: A Documentary History. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993., Ralph W. Tyler

Annotation: Indicates how the author would revise his syllabus (Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction) for today.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Classics of Curriculum Literature, Programs of Study in Curriculum and Instruction

Tyler, Ralph W., "Dialogue II. Personal Reflections on the Practical Four," Curriculum Inquiry, 14(Spring, 1984), 97-102., Ralph W. Tyler

Annotation: Comments on Schwab's "Practical 4" in relation to the author's work on the Eight Year Study.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Curriculum History, Classics of Curriculum Literature

Tyler, Ralph W., ed., Prospects for Research and Development in Education . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1976., Ralph W. Tyler

Annotation: Assembles, excerpts, and comments on more than 15 writers' statements on many aspects of research and development (on definitions, history, political problems, mistakes, improving quality, implementing development activities, and future alternatives).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Government Role in Educational Research & Development