CIRS - Curriculum Inquiry and Related Studies in Educational Research: A Searchable Bibliography of Selected Studies is a database of research studies that focuses primarily on curriculum practices and policies in education, inquiry methods useful in studying these topics, and exemplary studies from the published literature on these topics. This bibliography features a search capability by which a user can readily draw out from this list of nearly 4000 (and continually expanding) citations a list of those citations of interest on a specific topic. It covers much of the 20th century and 21st century literature to date. Each citation is accompanied by a brief annotation of its contents and by a series of descriptors by which it can be located in a search of the entire bibliography. To see what appears in a full citation, see a citation in the list below. This list, by the way, contains all the citations available in CIRS and can be browsed here if desired.

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Skilbeck, Malcolm, "School-based Curriculum Development," pp. 18-34 in Victor Lee and David Zeldin, eds., Planning in the Curriculum . London: Hoder and Stoughton with Open University, 1982.*, Malcolm Skilbeck

Annotation: Presents a model of curriculum development for use at the school level along with decisions required within its five processes.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Skovira, Robert, "Cremin's Conception of Curriculum," Journal of Thought, 19 (Spring, 1984), 71-79., Robert Skovira

Annotation: Discusses Cremin's conception of curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry,Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Slabbert, Johannes A., and Annemarie Hattingh, " 'Where is the Post-modern Truth We Have Lost in Reductionist Knowledge?' A Curriculum Epitaph," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 38(December, 2006), 701-718., Johannes A. Slabbert and Annemarie Hattingh

Annotation: Discusses truth eradicated, truth revealed, the ethics of truth, the wholeness of truth, and constructing truth as bases for a future post-modern curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Ethical Issues in Curriculum

Slater, Graham B., "Breaking the Binds of Enclosure: Chet Bowers and the Commons in Educational Theory," Educational Studies, 55(5, 2019), 548-562., Graham B. Slater

Annotation: Elucidates Bowers' concepts of the commons and of enclosure; highlights Bowers' contributions to educational theory for his ecological, political, and pedagogical insights.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Visions and Philosophies, Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Criticism of Schooling, Idelogy and School Knowledge, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Slattery, Patrick "A Postmodern Vision of Time and Learning: A Response to the National Education Commission Report, Prisoners of Time," Harvard Educational Review, 65(WInter, 1995), 612-633.*, Patrick Slattery

Annotation: Critiques the view of time in curriculum as something to be restructured more efficiently in favor of a view of time as something infused with meaning and grounded in the present, cosmic, and quantum in its qualitites, integrated with self and place.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Time on Task, Teaching/Learning Process, Curriculum as Experience

Slattery, Patrick, "Committing to Critical Inquiry: Curriculum Studies and Social Consequences of Value," Journal of Critical Inquiry into Curriculum and Instruction, 3(Spring, 2001), 43-45., Patrick Slattery

Annotation: Urges curriculum scholars to speak and write with a critical prophetic voice; gives examples--Huebner and others.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Ideology and School Knowledge, Curriculum Professors

Slattery, Patrick, Curriculum Development in the Postmodern Era. Hamden, CT: Garland, 1995. 2nd ed., Routledge, 2006., Patrick Slattery

Annotation: Presents a postmodern conception of curriculum which is framed in a wide range of analyses of philosophical, historical, social, ecological, critical, multicultural, phenomenological, and curricular thought. 2nd edition adds much new material.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Slattery, Patrick, "Hermenuetics, Subjectivity, and Aesthetics: Internationalizing the Interpretive Process in U. S. Curriculum Research," pp. 651-665 in William F. Pinar, ed., International Handbook of Curriculum Research. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2003., Patrick Slattery

Annotation: Discusses six approaches to hermenuetics and proposes a postmodern hermenuetics of subjectivity and aesthetics.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Hermeneutic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Slattery, Patrick, "Postmodernism as a Challenge to Dominant Representations of Curriculum," pp. 132-151 in Jeffrey Glanz and Linda S. Behar-Horenstein, eds., Paradigm Debates in Curriculum and Supervision: Modern and Postmodern Perspectives. Wesport, CT: Bergin & Garvey, 2000., Patrick Slattery

Annotation: Explains and argues for a postmodern paradigm for curriculum scholarship and offers implications.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Slattery, Patrick, "Toward an Eschatological Curriculum Theory," JCT: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Curriculum Studies, 9(Spring, 1992), 7-21. Reprinted pp. 278-288 in William F. Pinar, ed., Contemporary Curriculum Discourses: Twenty Years of JCT. New York: Peter Lang, 1999., Patrick Slattery

Annotation: Advocates a curriculum focused on an eschatological theology of hope.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Religious Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Slattery, Patrick, and Kevin Daigle, "Curriculum as a Place of Turmoil: Deconstructing the Anguish in Walker Percy's 'Feliciana' and Ernest Gaines' 'Pointe Coupee'," Curriculum Inquiry, 24(Winter, 1994), 437-461., Patrick Slattery and Kevin Daigle

Annotation: Treats place and context in literary works as curriculum content.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Literature

Slattery, Patrick, Karen A. Krasney, and Michael P. O'Malley, "Hermenuetics, Aesthetics,and the Quest for Answerability: A Dialogic Possibilitiy for Reconceptualizing the Interpretive Process in Curriculum Studies," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 39(October, 2007), 537-558., Patrick Slattery, Karen A. Krasney, and Michael P. O'Malley

Annotation: Offers an account of seven approaches to hermeneutics (traditional theological, conservative philosophical, contextual, reflective, post-structural, critical, dialogical); advances dialogical hermeneutics as appropriate for curriculum development practice and illustrates in a case report; concludes with arguments supporting this approach.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Hermeneutic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Slattery, Patrick, and Dana Rapp, Ethics and the Foundations of Education: Teaching Convictions in a Postmodern World. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 2003., Patrick Slattery and Dana Rapp

Annotation: Addresses from critical, activist, and postmodern perspectives several particular examples of ethical, hermeneutic, aesthetic, theological, and ecological issues facing curriculum and takes a stand on them.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Visions and Philosophies, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Ethical Issues in Curriculum, Values in the Classroom

Slavin, Robert E., "Best-Evidence Synthesis: An Alternative to Meta-Analytic and Traditional Reviews," Educational Researcher, 15(November, 1986), 5-11., Robert E. Slavin

Annotation: Describes several principles for establishing a priori criteria for inclusion of studies in this alternative approach to research synthesis (germaneness, methodological adequacy, valuing both external and internal validity, noting examples of excluded studies); discusses computation and pooling of effect sizes; gives an example of formats for presenting best-evidence syntheses.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Slavin, Robert E., "Design Competitions: A Proposal for a New Federal Role in Educational Research and Development," Educational Researcher, 26 (January/February, 1997), 22-28.*, Robert E. Slavin

Annotation: Recommends the establishment of USDE research and development program to evaluate educational programs by third-party design competitions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Program Audit/Evaluation, Government Role in Educational Research & Development

Slavin, Robert E., "On Making a Difference," Educational Researcher, 19(April, 1990), 30-34; 44.*, Robert E. Slavin

Annotation: Distinguishes between complex, variable-like, and fuzzy models for educational research and explains why models matter.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Sloan, Kris, "Teacher Identity and Agency in School Worlds: Beyond the All-Good/All-Bad Discourse on Accountability-Explicit Curriculum Policies," Curriculum Inquiry, 36(Summer, 2006), 119-152., Kris Sloan

Annotation: Sets forth results of a study of teachers' actions in responding to accountability-related curriculum policies.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Teacher Knowledge, Curriculum and Politics

Small, Jan L., and Jean H. Young, "Teachers' Motivations for Participating in Curriculum Development Committees," The Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 34(March, 1988), 42-50.*, Jan L. Small and Jean H. Young

Annotation: A study of the relative importance of six factors in teachers' participation in curriculum development committees.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Survey
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Smith, David, "On the Concept of Perceived Curriculum Decision-Making Space," Curriculum Perspectives, 3(May, 1983), 21-30., David Smith

Annotation: Employs Bernstein's frame factors to study teacher decision-making in curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Planning

Smith, David G., "Brighter Than a Thousand Suns: Facing Pedagogy in the Nuclear Shadow," pp. 275-285 in Terrance R. Carson, ed., Toward a Renaissance of Humanity . Edmonton: Faculty of Education, University of Alberta, 1988., David G. Smith

Annotation: Gives an explanation of hermeneutics applied to the teaching-learning process.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Hermeneutic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teaching/Learning Process, Knowledge Generation

Smith, David G., "Experimental Eidetics as a Way of Entering Curriculum Language from the Ground Up," Journal of Curriculum Theorizing, 5(Summer,1983), 74-97. Reprinted pp. 417-436 in William F. Pinar, ed., Contemporary Curriculum Discourses . Scottsdale, AZ: Gorsuch Scarisbrick, 1988., David G. Smith

Annotation: Describes Husserl's eidetics as contributing to the history of phenomenology; analyzes a social studies class using this approach.

Broad Topical Focus: Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry, Hermeneutic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Smith, David G., "Hermeneutic Inquiry: The Hermeneutic Imagination and the Pedagogic Text," pp. 187-209 in Edmund C. Short, ed., Forms of Curriculum Inquiry . Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1991.*, David G. Smith

Annotation: Describes the processes of hermeneutic inquiry in curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Hermeneutic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Smith, David Geoffrey, "Hermenuetic Scholar," pp. 183-200 in Michael P. Wolfe and Caroline R. Pryor, eds., The Mission of the Scholar: Research and Practice: A Tribute to Nelson Haggerson. New York: Peter Lang, 2002., David Geoffrey Smith

Annotation: Describes the key features of hermenuetic inquiry and the author's interest in understanding and confronting globlization and market values in education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Smith, David Geoffrey, "The Specific Challenges of Globalizaiton for Teaching... and Vice Versa," pp. 293-318 in Donna Trueit, William E. Doll, Jr., Hongyu Wang, and William F. Pinar, eds., The Internationalization of Curriculum Studies. New York: Peter Lang, 2003., David Geoffrey Smith

Annotation: Gives a thorough analysis of the economics of globalization aand implications for curriculum and teaching; also addresses the recovery of personal truth.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum and Politics

Smith, David L., "Toward Critical Curriculum Practice: The Role of ACSA in Australia," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 23(May-June, 1991), 269-274., David L. Smith

Annotation: Describes the purposes and activities of the Australian Curriculum Studies Assocation (ACSA) and the politcal context within which it works.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: American/International Curriculum Organizations, Professionalization in Curriculum

Smith, David S., "Curriculum Theory Revisited: A Comment and a Direction," Curriculum Perspectives, 4(October, 1984), 67-71., David S. Smith

Annotation: Comments on preceding articles and the bases for curriculum theory.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism,Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Smith, Joe M., "Taking Humpty Dumpty Out of the Curriculum," NASSP Bulletin, 68 (December, 1984), 103-107., Joe M. Smith

Annotation: Describes what curriculum is and is not.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Definitions, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Secondary School Curriculum

Smith, John K., "Interpretive Inquiry: A Practical and Moral Activity," Theory into Practice, 31(Spring, 1992), 100-106., John K. Smith

Annotation: Describes goals and procedures involved in doing interpretive forms of inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry, Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Smith, John K., "Quantitative Versus Qualitative Research: An Attempt to Clarify the Issue," Educational Researcher, 12(March, 1983), 6-13.*, John K. Smith

Annotation: Compares two approaches to educational research on various dimensions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Qualitative Research

Smith, John K., "The Evaluator/Researcher as Person vs. the Person as Evaluator/Researcher," Educational Researcher, 17(March, 1988), 18-23.*, John K. Smith

Annotation: Outlines two views of what it means to be a person and discusses them in relation to issues of relativism and research methods.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Smith, John K., "The Problem of Criteria for Judging Interpretive Inquiry," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 6(Winter, 1984), 379-391., John K. Smith

Annotation: Examines issues and assumptions related to establishing criteria for judging interpretive inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Smith, John K., and Lous Heshusius, "Closing Down the Conversation: The End of the Quantitative-Qualitative Debate Among Educational Inquirers," Educational Researcher, 15(January, 1986), 4-12., John K. Smith and Lous Heshusius

Annotation: Discusses the value of qualitative educational research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes

Smith, Liesa Griffin, "Reimagining Curiculum as Community Building," pp. 189-207 in Liesa Griffin Smith, Curriculum as Community Building: The Poetics of Dfference, Emergence, and Relationality. New York: Peter Lang, 2021., Liesa Griffin Smith

Annotation: Offers a vision of educating all persons for community regardless of their uniqueness and their differences; this is the book's final chapter; previous chapters give a full exploration of the ideas embedded in this vision.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Prorposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry - Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum as Experience; Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Smith, Louis M., Paul F. Kleine, John J. Pounty, and David C. Dwyer, Educational Innovators: Then and Now. London: Falmer Press, 1986., Louis M. Smith, Paul F. Kleine, John J. Pounty, and David C. Dwyer

Annotation: Reports an ethnographic study of an innovative school which was previously studied in 1971.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Implementation

Smith, Mark K., "Curriculum Theory and Practice," The Encyclopedia of Informal Education, 1996, 2000. www.infed.org/biblio/b-curricu.htm, Mark K. Smith

Annotation: Stipulates four ways of conceiving curriculum and its contexts (as knowledge to be transmitted, as end- product, as process, as praxis); reviews work of curriculum theorists in relation to each of these; discusses these ideas in relation to informal education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Definitions, Curriculum Theorists, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses, Curriculum Professors, Curriculum History

Smith, Marshall S., Susan H. Fuhrman, and Jennifer O'Day, "National Curriculum Standards: Are They Desirable and Feasible?" pp. 12-29 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1994., Marshall S. Smith, Susan H. Fuhrman, and Jennifer O'Day

Annotation: Defines five kinds of national curriculum standards, weighs their pros and cons, and discusses their feasibility.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Local Control of Schooling

Smith, Marshall S., and Jennifer O'Day, "Putting the Pieces Together: Systemic School Reform," CPRE Policy Briefs, 1991, 1-11. ERIC Document Reproduction Service ED 343 215., Marshall S. Smith and Jennifer O'Day

Annotation: Reviews efforts at school reform and the barriers to change; offers a strategy for systemic reform.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Frameworks, Curriculum Development Strategies

Smith, Marshall S., Jennifer A. O' Day, and David K. Cohen, "A National Curriculum in the United States?" Educational Leadership, 49 (September, 1991), 74-81. *, Marshall S. Smith, Jennifer A. O' Day, and David K. Cohen

Annotation: Analyzes pros and cons of a proposed national curriculum and related issues.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Local Control of Schooling, Curriculum Frameworks, Curriculum Standards and Testing

Smith, Ralph, The New Aesthetic Curriculum Theorists and Their Astonishing Ideas. Vancouver, BC: CSCI, University of British Columbia, 1984., Ralph Smith

Annotation: Critiques recent theoretical work by Arnstine, Travers, and Eisner in curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists,Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism,Aesthetic Inquiry and Curriculum Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teaching/Learning Process, Program Audit/Evaluation

Smith, Ralph A., "Aesthetic Education: A Critical Necessity," pp. 111-123 in Ralph A. Smith, Culture and the Arts in Education. New York: Teachers College Press, 2006., Ralph A. Smith

Annotation: Describes four values of aesthetic education: excellence in art, aesthetic vision, critical thinking, and cultural altenatives.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Aesthetics Education, Art Education, Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Smith, Ralph A., "Toward Percipience: A Humaniites Curriculum for Arts Education," pp.124-140 in Ralph A. Smith, Culture and the Arts in Education. New York: Teachers College Press, 2006., Ralph A. Smith

Annotation: Offers a K-12 curriculum design for arts education that stresses arts of creation, arts of communication, arts of continuity, and arts of criticism.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Art Education, Aesthetics Education, Content Selection and Organization

Smithson, Alan, "Curriculum Policy-Making at the School Level: Two Approaches," Journal of Philosphy of Education (Britain), 15(No. 2, 1981), 215-228., Alan Smithson

Annotation: Discusses whether school head or board in Britian should have curriculum decision-making power.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Comparative Curriculum

Smith, Tracy W., and C. Kenneth McEwin, eds., The Legacy of the Middle School: In Their Own Words. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, 2011., Tracy W. Smith and C. Kenneth McEwin

Annotation: Reports a study of the Middle School Legacy Project; contains speeches and interviews of founders and prominent leaders of the middle school movement from the early 1960s to today; presents a summary of key themes found across these leaders' interview statements.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Middle School Curriculum

Smulyan, Lisa, "Collaborative Action Research: A Critical Analysis," Peabody Journal of Education, 64(Spring, 1987), 57-70., Lisa Smulyan

Annotation: Discusses the processes involved in collaborative action research and shows what problems may occur in contributing to theory, practice, and staff development.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Practical Knowledge

Smylie, M. A., "Curriculum Adaptation within Classroom," pp. 192-194 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., Intenational Encyclopedia of Education. Supplement Volume One. New York: Pergamon, 1988., M. A. Smylie

Annotation: Discusses various modifications teachers make in implementing the curriculum to meet students where they are.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Planning, Curriculum Implementation, Multiethnic Adaptation

Smylie, Mark A., "Teacher Participation in School Decision Making: Assessing Willingness to Participate," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 14(Spring, 1992), 53-67., Mark A. Smylie

Annotation: Analyzes empirical data on teachers' willingness to participate in decision making; principal-teacher relationship has the greatest influence.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Smyth, John, A 'Critical Pedagogy' of Teacher Evaluation . Geelong, Victoria, Australia: Deakin University Press, 1988., John Smyth

Annotation: Conceptualizes an approach to teacher evaluation that goes beyond pointing to inadequacies to acknowledge the existing power relationships and transforming them through critical pedagogical relationships; includes three lengthy reprinted articles on the topic.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Teacher Evaluation

Smyth, John, "Critical Engagement for Collaborative Action Research," p. 58-76 in Stephen P. Gordon, ed., Collaborative Action Research: Developing Professional Learning Communities. New York: Teachers College Press, 2008., John Smyth

Annotation: Makes the case for taking a critical perspective in doing collaborative action research; examines five propositions necessitated by this perspective; argues vigorously for freedom from governmental restraint on using research approaches such as action research and other so-called "non-scientific" approaches.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Teacher Research, Practical Knowledge

Smyth, John, "Exploring the Critical Politics of Teaching," pp. 65-74 in Michael P. Wolfe and Caroline R. Pryor, eds., The Mission of the Scholar: Research and Practice: A Tribute to Nelson Haggerson. New York: Peter Lang, 2002., John Smyth

Annotation: Explains how the author as a critical scholar seeks to unmask the injustices constructed around teacher's work; suggests ways to counter these with alternative discourses and actions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teaching/Learning Process, Criticism of Schooling, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Snow, Catherine E., "Rigor and Realism: Doing Educational Science in the Real World," Educational Researcher, 44(No.9,2015), 460-466., Catherine E. Snow

Annotation: Argues for the doing of "practice-embedded educational research"; gives examples of this approach and discusses adjustments and research agendas needed.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes, Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge

Snyder, Jon, Frances Bolin, and Karen Zumwalt, "Curriculum Implementation," pp. 402-435 in Philip W. Jackson, ed., Handbook of Research on Curriculum. New York: Macmillan,1992., Jon Snyder, Frances Bolin, and Karen Zumwalt

Annotation: Analyzes the fidelity, mutual adaptation, and enactment approaches to curriculum implementation research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Implementation

Sobol, Thomas, "The Broader Meaning of Articulation," Phi Delta Kappan, 53(September, 1971), 25-29., Thomas Sobol

Annotation: Describes four dilemmas in contemporary schooling (between have's and have-not's, school and life, head and heart, and old values and new values) and envisions a type of schooling to overcome these dilemmas.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design,Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences,Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization

Sockett, Hugh, "Curriculum Planning: Taking a Means to an End," Proceedings of the Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain, 6(January, 1972). Reprinted pp. 150-160 in R. S. Peters, ed., The Philosophy of Education . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973.*, Hugh Sockett

Annotation: An analysis of five distinctions about the relationship between curricular ends and means.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Sockett, Hugh, "The Moral Aspects of the Curriculum," pp. 543-569 in Philip W. Jackson, ed., Handbook of Research on Curriculum. New York: Macmillan, 1992., Hugh Sockett

Annotation: Traces the role and forms of moral education in the curriculum and reviews issues such as character education, gender identity, family life, teaching process,and curriculum subjects.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Character Education, Values in the Classroom, Content Selection and Organization

Sockett, Hugh, "The Neglect of Virtue," pp. 22-40 in Hugh Sockett and Robert Boostrom, eds., A Moral Critique of Contemporary Education. 112th Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, Issue l. New York: Teachers College, Columbia University, 2013, Hugh Sockett

Annotation: Discusses the neglect of moral and intellectual virtue in schools; argues against a curriculum of "right answers" and in favor of teaching the dispositions of open-mindedness, accuracy, impartiality, and social responsibility.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ethical Issues in Curriculum, Citizenship Education, Values in the Classroom

Sokoloff, Ann L. Winter, "The Quest for a Unitary Curriculum," Curriculum History, (2009), 125-141. (Available through Texas Digital LIbrary), Ann L. Winter Sokoloff

Annotation: Traces the history of efforts to attain a unitary curriculum, with special emphasis on integrated units-of-work and examples from Dewey to the present.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Integration

So, Kyunghee, "Whom Is the National Curriculum For? Politics in the National Curricuum System in South Korea," pp 165-184 in Guohui Fan and Thomas S. Popkewitz, Eds., Handbook of Educational Policy Studies. Volume 2. Springer, 2020, Kyunghee So

Annotation: Reports the history of curriculum policy-making in South Korea together with a description of current curriculum policies and practices; notes recent trend toward giving schools more freedom to shape the curriculum but without centralized accountability procedures; discusses teacher agency in the system; recommends an alternative approach. to curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inqyiry--Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Development Strategies

Solomon, Warren H., "Participant Observation and Lesson Plan Analysis: Implications for Curriculum and Instructional Research," Paper presented at American Educational Research Association, at New York, 1971. ERIC Document No. ED 049 189., Warren H. Solomon

Annotation: Draws implications from data from ethnographic studies and lesson plan analyses.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry, Content Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Classroom Observation & Research, Teacher Planning

Soltis, Jonas F., "On the Nature Educational Research," Educational Researcher, 13(December, 1984), 5-10.*, Jonas F. Soltis

Annotation: Contrasts empirical, interpretive, critical, and normative inquiry in education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Soltis, Jonas F., "The Concept of Valid Content," pp. 20-30 in Edmund C. Short, ed., A Search for Valid Content for Curriculum Courses . Educational Comment 1970. Toledo, OH: College of Education, University of Toledo, 1970., Jonas F. Soltis

Annotation: Engages in conceptual analysis of the term "valid content" in curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization

Soltis, Jonas F. "The Disciplines and Subject Matter," pp. 17-34 in his An Introduction to the Analysis of Educational Concepts. Reading, MA: Addison- Wesley, 1968., Jonas F. Soltis

Annotation: Analyzes these two concepts in the manner of a philosophical analyst. Also contained in 2nd edition, 1978.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and the Disciplines, School Subjects, Content Selection and Organization

Somekh, Bridget, Action Research: A Methodology for Change and Development. Maidenhead, Berks, UK: Open University Press, 2006., Bridget Somekh

Annotation: Describes the author's involvement as an action researcher in a series of projects over 25 years; discusses the way the projects were conceived and carried out; comments on problems and what was learned about doing action research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Sosniak, Lauren A., "Curriculum Feasibility Studies," pp. 213- 216 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., International Encyclopedia of Education. Supplement Volume One. New York: Pergamon, 1988., Lauren A. Sosniak

Annotation: Discusses philosophical, pedagogical, political, and economic issues involved in deciding on a new curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Curriculum Implementation, Curriculum Deliberation

Sosniak, Lauren A., "The Generalist Educator: Making a Mark in Curriculum Studies," pp. 108-121 in David T. Hansen, Mary Erina Driscoll, and Rene V. Arcilla, eds., A Life in Classrooms: Philip W. Jackson and the Practice of Education. New York: Teachers College Press, 2007., Lauren A. Sosniak

Annotation: Presents a summary of Philip W. Jackson's key curriculum ideas and their place in the field of Curriculum Studies.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Professors, Curriculum as Experience, Curriculum as Environment

Sosniak, Lauren A., "The Taxonomy, Curriculum, and their Relations," pp. 103-125 in Lorin W. Anderson and Lauren A. Sosniak, eds., Bloom's Taxonomy: A Forty-year Retrospective. 93rd Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, Part II. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1994., Lauren A. Sosniak

Annotation: Sets forth merits and limitations in the contributions to curriculum made by Bloom's Taxonomy (cognitive domain).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum History, Student Assessment

Sosniak, Lauren A., and Carole L. Perlman, "Secondary Education by the Book," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 22(September-October, 1990), 427-442., Lauren A. Sosniak and Carole L. Perlman

Annotation: Compares textbook use across mathematics, English, and history from student interview data.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Textbooks, School Subjects

Spain, Angeline K., "Just Talk? Discourses and Deinstitutionalization in School District Policy Making," American Journal of Education, 124(November, 2017), 1-7., Angeline K. Spain

Annotation: Reports comparative case studies in two California school districts on the decision making processes used in determining policies aimed at cutting extra-curricular activities; discourse analysis of deliberation by school board members and others was employed to locate cause and effect relationships among meanings held by these various actors; this study illustrates how organizational routines structure and influence the interpretation of meanings.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-Making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Content Analysis
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Spillane, James P., "How Districts Mediate between State Policy and Teachers' Practice," pp. 167-185 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1994., James P. Spillane

Annotation: Gives the experience of one local district's response to a new state reading policy.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Local Control of Schooling, Reading, Teacher Knowledge

Spillane, James P., Standards Deviation: How Schools Misunderstand Education Policy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004., James P. Spillane

Annotation: Presents a case study of curriculum policy implementation of standards-based science and math policies in Michigan schools (1992-1996) at the district and classroom levels.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance, Curriculum Change, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Frameworks, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Curriculum and Politics, Content Selection and Organization, Local Control of Schooling, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Core Mandates

Spillane, James P., Standards Deviation: How Schools Misunderstand Education Policy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004., James P. Spillane

Annotation: Provides case histories of Michigan's standards-based reforms in science and mathematics from 1992-1996.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing

Spindler, George, ed., Doing the Ethnography of Schooling: Educational Anthropology in Action . New York: Holt, Rhinehart and Winston, 1982., George Spindler

Annotation: Gives a thorough treatment of various aspects of ethnography of schooling by a variety of authors.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Spindler, George, and Lorie Hammond, eds., Innovations in Educational Ethonography: Theory, Methods, and Results. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2006., George Spindler and Lorie Hammond

Annotation: Discusses theoretical issues in ethnographic research with examples; gives illustrative applications of ethnographic approaches to educational settings.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Knowledge

Spindler, George, and Louise Spindler, eds., Interpretive Ethnography of Education at Home and Abroad . Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1987., George Spindler and Louise Spindler

Annotation: Provides 19 articles on comparative and cross-cultural studies, the methods involved, with examples.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Spodek, Bernard, "Reflections in Early Childhood Education," The Journal of Curriculum Theorizing, 6(Fall, 1985), 54-64., Bernard Spodek

Annotation: Discusses Macdonald as an early childhood educator.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Early Childhood Curriculum

Spradley, James, and David McCurdy, The Cultural Experience: Ethnography in Complex Society . Chicago: Science Research Associates, 1972., James Spradley and David McCurdy

Annotation: Treats the major dimensions of studying cultural experience and includes twelve reports by students.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Spring, Joel, Political Agendas for Education: From the Religious Right to the Green Party, 3rd ed. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2005., Joel Spring

Annotation: Describes compassionate conservatism, new-conservatism, and new democrats and their respective education agendas.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Spring, Joel, "The Development of a National Curriculum," pp. 93-139 in his The Sorting Machine: National Educational Policy Since 1945. New York: David McKay Co., 1976., Joel Spring

Annotation: Shows how a national curriculum has evolved in the United States.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum History, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Government Role in Educational Research & Development

Spring, Joel, A New Paradigm for Global School Systems: Education for a Long and Happy Life. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2007., Joel A. Spring

Annotation: Proposes a global curriculum focusing on "a long and happy life" rather than on economic/human capital as the overriding educational goal of schools around the globe.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Content Selection and Organization, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Squire, James R., "Studies of Textbooks: Are We Asking the Right Questions?" pp. 127-169 in Philip W. Jackson, ed., Contributing to Educational Change: Perspectives on Research and Practice . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1988., James R. Squire

Annotation: Identifies a series of factors that have been studied in studies of textbooks; makes suggestions for needed research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Textbooks, Materials Development and Evaluation

Squire, Kurt, "From Content to Context: Videogames as Designed Experience," Educational Researcher, 35(November, 2006), 19-29., Kurt Squire

Annotation: Discusses the impact of videogames in education and their potential for conducting research on learning and on designing educational experiences; gives concrete illustrations.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Materials Development and Evaluation, Media and Computers in Curriculum Development

Stables, Andrew, "Perspectives on Subject Choice: The Case for a Humane Liberalism in Curriculum Planning," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 29 (March-April, 1997), 197-208., Andrew Stables

Annotation: Explores the advantages and problems of permitting students to choose their own curriculum subjects.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Differentiation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Stablile, Micheline, "Problamatizing Education Inclusion through Heuristic Inquiry," pp. 35-47 in Noreen B. Garman and Maria Piantanida, eds., The Authority to Imagine: The Struggle toward Representation in Dissertation Writing. New York: Peter Lang, 2006., Micheline Stablile

Annotation: Describes five cycles of heuristic inquiry as employed in a study of inclusion.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Hermeneutic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Exceptional Education, Qualitative Research

Stake, Robert, "The Goods on American Education," Phi Delta Kappan, 80(May, 1999), 668-672., Robert Stake

Annotation: Criticizes the use of high-stakes student assessments from the perspective of test-makers themselves for not being able to achieve their political and accountability purposes.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Evaluation of Instruction, Curriculum Standards and Testing

Stake, Robert E., "An Evolutionary View of Educational Improvement," pp. 89-102 in Ernest House, ed., New Directions in Educational Evaluation . Philadelphia: Falmer, 1986.*, Robert E. Stake

Annotation: Conceptualizes a view of evaluation and educational improvement that honors naturalistic generalizations formed from the experiencing done by practitioners.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Stake, Robert E., "Case Study," pp. 275-285 in John Nisbet, Jacquetta Megarny and Stanley Nisbet, eds., Research, Policy, and Practice: World Yearbook of Education 1985 . London: Kogan Page, 1985., Robert E. Stake

Annotation: Presents the case for doing case studies and describes the features of case study inquiries.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Stake, Robert E., Multiple Case Study Analysis. New York: Guilford, 2006., Robert E. Stake

Annotation: Shows how to design, analyze, and report studies that address common issues across a group of cases; illustrated using cases from three Eastern European countries.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry, Ethnographic Inquiry, Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research, Program Audit/Evaluation, Comparative Curriculum

Stake, Robert E., "Objectives, Priorities, and Other Judgemental Data," Review of Educational Research, 40(April, 1970), 181-212., Robert E. Stake

Annotation: Discusses objectives as judgmental data and methods and issues in studying them.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry, Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum as Environment

Stake, Robert E., "Program Evaluation, Particularly Responsive Evaluation," pp. 72-87; 195-196 in W. B. Dockrell and David Hamilton, eds., Rethinking Educational Research . London: Hodder and Stroughton, 1980.*, Robert E. Stake

Annotation: Describes a responsive evaluation model as it applies to program evaluation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Program Audit/Evaluation

Stake, Robert E., Qualitative Research: Studying How Things Work. New York: The Guilford Press, 2010., Robert E. Stake

Annotation: Gives practical guidance on doing qualitative research studies along with thorough rationales for producing quality work at every step of the process from setting the research question to gathering data to reviewing literature to interpreting evidence to writing the report and more; uses excerpts from Stake's own work and that of his students as examples of what is discussed; a down-to-earth text, very readable, and one that constantly provokes thought.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Qualitative Research, Knowledge Generation

Stake, Robert E., "To Evaluate an Arts Program," pp. 13-38 in Robert E. Stake, ed., Evaluating the Arts in Education: A Responsive Approach . Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill, 1975.*, Robert E. Stake

Annotation: Spells out the attributes and procedures related to doing "responsive evaluation," and includes an interview with its originator.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Stake, Robert E., and Deborah J. Trumbull, "Naturalistic Generalizations," Review Journal of Philosophy and Social Science, 7(Nos. 1 & 2, 1982), 1-12.*, Robert E. Stake and Deborah J. Trumbull

Annotation: Describes the nature of naturalistic generalizations as distinguished from formal generalizations.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes

Staller, Karen M., Ellen Block, and Pilar S. Horner, "History of Methods in Social Science Research," pp. 25-51 in Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber and Patricia Leavy, eds., Handbook of Emergent Methods. New York: The Guilford Press, 2008., Karen M. Staller, Ellen Block, and Pilar S. Horner

Annotation: Reports a study of the development of social science research methods from the 1960s to the present; charts the emergence of postmodern methods, globalization and internet impact on methods, and the troubling role of the researcher, of theory, and of technology in methods; discusses the blurring of the lines between humanistic and social science approaches.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Stallones, Jared, "Paul R. Hanna and Education for Intelligent Citizenship," pp. 79-83 in Lynn W. Burlbaw, ed., Curriculum History, 1998. College Station, TX: Society for the Study of Curriculum History, Texas A&M University, 1998., Jared Stallones

Annotation: Traces the evolution of Paul R. Hanna's views on curriculum design and education for citizenship and of his textbook serieses.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Citizenship Education

Stanford, Barbara Dodds, "The Self-Organizing System in Theory and Practice: The Experiences of the Collaboratives for Humanities and Arts Teaching," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 11 (Spring, 1996), 249-266.*, Barbara Dodds Stanford

Annotation: Reports on the use of a model of the self-organinzing system to conceptualize and assess the CHART network of projects (Collaboratives for Humanities and Arts Teaching).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Art Education, Literature

Stanley, William B., Curriculum for Utopia: Social Reconstructionism and Critical Pedagogy in the Postmodern Era. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1992., William B. Stanley

Annotation: Analyzes the role of reconstructionism in critical pedogogy and relates this to past and present tradtions of educational theory.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Philosophical Schools

Stanley, William B., "Curriculum Theory and Education for Democracy," Journal of Curriculum and Pedagogy, 6(Summer, 2009), 44-56., William B. Stanley

Annotation: Analyzes the assumptions underlying the counter-socialization approach to education for democracy, critiques the position of the curriculum reconceptualists on this issue, and offers recommendations on the direction curriculum theory should take.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses, Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Stark, Sheila, "Toward an Understanding of the Beginning-Teacher Experience: Curricular Insights for Teacher Education," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 6 (Summer, 1991), 294-311., Sheila Stark

Annotation: Reports a phenomenological study of teacher's curriculum experience.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum as Experience, Teacher Education

Starratt, Robert J., "Curriculum Theory: Controversy, Challenge, and Future Concerns," pp. 16-35 in William Pinar, ed., Heightened Consciousness, Cultural Revolution, and Curriculum Theory. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1974.*, Robert J. Starratt

Annotation: Comments on the conflicts among curriculum theorists, on the challenge posed by Schwab, and on future concerns.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists,Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry,Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Steedman, Philip H., "Curriculum and Knowledge Selection," pp. 119-139 in Landon E. Beyer and Michael W. Apple, eds., The Curriculum: Problems, Politics, and Possibilities. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1988., Philip H. Steedman

Annotation: Outlines and critiques traditional conceptualization of the relation between curriculum and knowledge; also examines several alternatives from the new sociology that are competing to replace this view.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Steffy, Betty, "Curriculum Planning: Community Participation," pp. 1241-1243 in T. Husen and T. N. Postlethwaite, eds., International Encyclopedia of Education. New York: Pergamon, 1984., Betty Steffy

Annotation: Discusses community participation in curriculum planning in developing countries and in industrialized countries.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum