Broad Topical Focus - Curriculum Policies and Policy Making

 

Follow

Selden, Steven, "Biological Determinism and the Normal School Curriculum: Helen Putnam and the NEA Committee on Racial Welfare, 1910-1922," The Journal of Curriculum Theorizing, 1(Winter, 1979), 105-122., Steven Selden

Annotation: Examines the ideology underlying the work of this committee.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Ideology and School Knowledge, Teacher Education

Selden, Steven, "Eugenics and Curriculum: 1860-1929," The Educational Forum, 43(November, 1978), 67-82., Steven Selden

Annotation: Examines the history of the eugenics movement and its impact on the curriculum, especially the education of the gifted.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Ideology and School Knowledge, Exceptional Education

Selden, Steven, "Resistance in School and Society: Public and Pedagogical Debates about Eugenics, 1900-1947," Teachers College Record, 90(Fall, 1988), 61-84., Steven Selden

Annotation: Describes the work of Jennings, Dewey, Bagley, and Lippmann in resisting the push in education to embrace eugenics.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Ideology and School Knowledge, Exceptional Education

Serow, Robert C., "Credentialism and Academic Standards: The Evolution of High School Graduation Requirements," Issues in Education, 4(Summer, 1986), 19-41., Robert C. Serow

Annotation: Traces the evolution of high school graduation requirements.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Curriculum Standards and Testing

Shacklock, Geoffrey, John Smyth, and Robert Hattam, "The Effects of an Advanced Skills Teacher Classification on Teachers' Work: From Storied Accounts to Policy Insights," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 13(Summer, 1998). 357-372.*, Geoffrey Shacklock, John Smyth, and Robert Hattam

Annotation: Reports an Australian study of the difference between teachers' natural discourse and an imposed discourse by policy-makers.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Comparative Curriculum, Teacher Knowledge, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Shaker, Paul, and Elizabeth E. Heilman,"The Changing Vision of Education in Our Democratic Society," pp. 1-15 in their Reclaiming Education for Democracy: Thinking Beyond No Child Left Behind. New York: Routledge, 2008., Paul Shaker and Elizabeth E. Heilman

Annotation: Examines, critically, origins of recent education policy in the U. S. and introduces nine related essays on various aspects of this topic.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Democratic Education

Sharp, Rachel, and Anthony G. Green, Education and Social Control. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1975., Rachel Sharp and Anthony G. Green

Annotation: Presents a study of an English progressive primary school and the constraints of ideology at work in it.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Social Efficiency/Control, Comparative Curriculum

Shavelson, Richard J., "Contributions of Educational Research to Policy and Practice: Constructing, Challenging, Changing Cognition," Educational Researcher, 17(October, 1988), 4-11; 22.*, Richard J. Shavelson

Annotation: Presents purposes and procedures for deriving research knowledge from practice if it is to inform policy and practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Knowledge Utilization, Psychology and Curriculum

Short, Edmund C., "Authority and Governance in Curriculum Development: A Policy Analysis in the United States Context," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 5(Summer, 1983), 195-205.*, Edmund C. Short

Annotation: Summarizes the status of governance and control of curriculum in the 1970s and early 1980s in the U. S.; proposes criteria for an adequate structure of curriculum control.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism,Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay,Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Social Efficiency/Control

Short, Edmund C., "Curriculum Decision Making in Teacher Education: Policies, Program Development, and Design," Journal of Teacher Education , 38 (July- August, 1987), 2-12.*, Edmund C. Short

Annotation: Specifies steps in policy making and curriculum development in teacher education; sets forth design criteria; and discusses role of unifying themes.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Education, Content Selection and Organization

Short, Edmund C., "Curriculum Development and Organization," pp. 405-412 in Harold E. Mitzel, ed., Encyclopedia of Educational Research, Fifth Edition. New York: Macmillan, 1982.*, Edmund C. Short

Annotation: Summarizes the state of curriculum policy making and governance as well as presents criteria for optimum strategies for curriculum development across levels of governance.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Short, Edmund C., "Curriculum Policy Research," pp. 420-430 in F. Michael Connelly, Ming Fang He, and JoAnn Phillion, eds., The SAGE Handbook of Curriculum and Instruction. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2008., Edmund C. Short

Annotation: Gives an overview of curriculum policy research, outlines the approaches and inquiry methods being used in this domain of research, and maps out various facets of curriculum policy research that pertains to the policy-making process itself (developing, choosing, enacting, and evaluating policy options); cites illustrative studies in each category.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Knowledge Generation, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Curriculum and Politics

Short, Edmund C., "The Forms and Use of Alternative Curriculum Development Strategies: Policy Implications," Curriculum Inquiry, 13(Spring, 1983), 43-64.*, Edmund C. Short

Annotation: Analyzes and compares curriculum development strategies in relation to where decisions are made, who is involved, and the role of the teacher; sets forth ten criteria for the optimum strategy among several possibilities in a matrix.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Short, Edmund C., "Three Levels of Questions Addressed in the Field of Curriculum Research and Practice," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 9(Fall, l993), 77-86.*, Edmund C. Short

Annotation: Distinguishes questions of curriculum practice, inquiry, and methodologies of inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Defining Curriculum Research Questions, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Change, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Slattery, Patrick "A Postmodern Vision of Time and Learning: A Response to the National Education Commission Report, Prisoners of Time," Harvard Educational Review, 65(WInter, 1995), 612-633.*, Patrick Slattery

Annotation: Critiques the view of time in curriculum as something to be restructured more efficiently in favor of a view of time as something infused with meaning and grounded in the present, cosmic, and quantum in its qualitites, integrated with self and place.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Time on Task, Teaching/Learning Process, Curriculum as Experience

Sloan, Kris, "Teacher Identity and Agency in School Worlds: Beyond the All-Good/All-Bad Discourse on Accountability-Explicit Curriculum Policies," Curriculum Inquiry, 36(Summer, 2006), 119-152., Kris Sloan

Annotation: Sets forth results of a study of teachers' actions in responding to accountability-related curriculum policies.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Teacher Knowledge, Curriculum and Politics

Smith, David L., "Toward Critical Curriculum Practice: The Role of ACSA in Australia," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 23(May-June, 1991), 269-274., David L. Smith

Annotation: Describes the purposes and activities of the Australian Curriculum Studies Assocation (ACSA) and the politcal context within which it works.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: American/International Curriculum Organizations, Professionalization in Curriculum

Smith, Marshall S., Susan H. Fuhrman, and Jennifer O'Day, "National Curriculum Standards: Are They Desirable and Feasible?" pp. 12-29 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1994., Marshall S. Smith, Susan H. Fuhrman, and Jennifer O'Day

Annotation: Defines five kinds of national curriculum standards, weighs their pros and cons, and discusses their feasibility.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Local Control of Schooling

Smith, Marshall S., and Jennifer O'Day, "Putting the Pieces Together: Systemic School Reform," CPRE Policy Briefs, 1991, 1-11. ERIC Document Reproduction Service ED 343 215., Marshall S. Smith and Jennifer O'Day

Annotation: Reviews efforts at school reform and the barriers to change; offers a strategy for systemic reform.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Frameworks, Curriculum Development Strategies

Smith, Ralph A., "Aesthetic Education: A Critical Necessity," pp. 111-123 in Ralph A. Smith, Culture and the Arts in Education. New York: Teachers College Press, 2006., Ralph A. Smith

Annotation: Describes four values of aesthetic education: excellence in art, aesthetic vision, critical thinking, and cultural altenatives.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Aesthetics Education, Art Education, Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Smithson, Alan, "Curriculum Policy-Making at the School Level: Two Approaches," Journal of Philosphy of Education (Britain), 15(No. 2, 1981), 215-228., Alan Smithson

Annotation: Discusses whether school head or board in Britian should have curriculum decision-making power.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Comparative Curriculum

Smylie, Mark A., "Teacher Participation in School Decision Making: Assessing Willingness to Participate," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 14(Spring, 1992), 53-67., Mark A. Smylie

Annotation: Analyzes empirical data on teachers' willingness to participate in decision making; principal-teacher relationship has the greatest influence.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Sockett, Hugh, "The Moral Aspects of the Curriculum," pp. 543-569 in Philip W. Jackson, ed., Handbook of Research on Curriculum. New York: Macmillan, 1992., Hugh Sockett

Annotation: Traces the role and forms of moral education in the curriculum and reviews issues such as character education, gender identity, family life, teaching process,and curriculum subjects.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Character Education, Values in the Classroom, Content Selection and Organization

So, Kyunghee, "Whom Is the National Curriculum For? Politics in the National Curricuum System in South Korea," pp 165-184 in Guohui Fan and Thomas S. Popkewitz, Eds., Handbook of Educational Policy Studies. Volume 2. Springer, 2020, Kyunghee So

Annotation: Reports the history of curriculum policy-making in South Korea together with a description of current curriculum policies and practices; notes recent trend toward giving schools more freedom to shape the curriculum but without centralized accountability procedures; discusses teacher agency in the system; recommends an alternative approach. to curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inqyiry--Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Development Strategies

Sosniak, Lauren A., "Curriculum Feasibility Studies," pp. 213- 216 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., International Encyclopedia of Education. Supplement Volume One. New York: Pergamon, 1988., Lauren A. Sosniak

Annotation: Discusses philosophical, pedagogical, political, and economic issues involved in deciding on a new curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Curriculum Implementation, Curriculum Deliberation

Spillane, James P., "How Districts Mediate between State Policy and Teachers' Practice," pp. 167-185 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1994., James P. Spillane

Annotation: Gives the experience of one local district's response to a new state reading policy.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Local Control of Schooling, Reading, Teacher Knowledge

Spillane, James P., Standards Deviation: How Schools Misunderstand Education Policy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004., James P. Spillane

Annotation: Provides case histories of Michigan's standards-based reforms in science and mathematics from 1992-1996.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing

Spring, Joel, Political Agendas for Education: From the Religious Right to the Green Party, 3rd ed. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2005., Joel Spring

Annotation: Describes compassionate conservatism, new-conservatism, and new democrats and their respective education agendas.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Spring, Joel, "The Development of a National Curriculum," pp. 93-139 in his The Sorting Machine: National Educational Policy Since 1945. New York: David McKay Co., 1976., Joel Spring

Annotation: Shows how a national curriculum has evolved in the United States.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum History, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Government Role in Educational Research & Development

Steffy, Betty, "Curriculum Planning: Community Participation," pp. 1241-1243 in T. Husen and T. N. Postlethwaite, eds., International Encyclopedia of Education. New York: Pergamon, 1984., Betty Steffy

Annotation: Discusses community participation in curriculum planning in developing countries and in industrialized countries.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum

Steffy, Betty E., "Curriculum Decision Making: Parental Involvement," pp. 1115-1157 in T. Husen and T. N. Postlethwaite, eds., International Encyclopedia of Education. New York: Pergamon, 1984., Betty E. Steffy

Annotation: Discusses several facets of parent participation in curriculum decision-making.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Stein, Sandra J., The Culture of Education Policy. New York: Teachers College Press, 2004., Sandra J. Stein

Annotation: Reports a study of critical and ideological assumptions found in the discourse surrounding the passage and implementation of ESEA and NCLB.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Discourse Analysis, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Local Control of Schooling, Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Implementation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Stevenson, David Lee, and David P. Baker, "State Control of the Curriculum and Classroom Instruction," Sociology of Education, 64 (January, 1991), 1-10.*, David Lee Stevenson and David P. Baker

Annotation: Reports cross-national comparisons between centralized and decentralized educational systems for mathematics and draws inplications about curriculum reform procedures.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Local Control of Schooling

St. Maurice, Henry, "Two Rhetorics of Cynicism in Curriculum Deliberation, or Two Riders in a Barren Landscape," Educational Theory, 43(Spring, 1993), 147-159., Maurice Henry St.

Annotation: Traces the history of two forms of cynicism and illustrates them with educational examples in historical and contemporary curriculum deliberation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Stotsky, Sandra, ed., What's at Stake in the K-12 Standards Wars: A Primer for Educational Policy Makers. New York: Peter Lang, 2000., Sandra Stotsky

Annotation: Presents criticisms of subject area standards in mathematics, science, history and economics, and English from the perspective of academicians in the various disciplines; the collection of articles embraces anti-constructivist aspects of the standards and critiques the federal and state policy initiatives that promote these flawed sets of standards; frequently proposes alternative policies and standards.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and the Disciplines, Curriculum Frameworks, Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Standards and Testing

Strickland, Dorothy S., and Carol Ascher, "Low Income African-American Children and Public Schooling," pp. 609-625 in Philip W. Jackson, ed., Handbook of Research on Curriculum. New York: Macmillan, 1992., Dorothy S. Strickland and Carol Ascher

Annotation: Reviews how poverty and race affect curriculum reform and innovation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization

Strike, Kenneth A., Small Schools and Strong Communities: A Third Way of School Reform. New York: Teachers College Press, 2010., Kenneth A. Strike

Annotation: Contrasts standards, choice, and community paradigms for school reform; sets forth and argues for the merits of the school community model built around a shared educational project and characterized by coherence, cohesion, care, and connection; a theory of curriculum is presented with examples of schools already possessing these characteristics, including some small schools.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Frameworks, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Sunderman, Gail L., The Unraveling of No Child Left Behind: How Negotiated Changes Transform the Law. Cambridge, MA: The Civil Rights Project at Harvard University, 2006., Gail L. Sunderman

Annotation: Reviews the changes allowed since 2001 to the states in NCLB's rules for implementation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry, Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Curriculum Implementation

Sunderman, Gail L., James S. Kim, and Gary Orfield, NCLB Meets School Realities: Lessons from the Field. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2005., Gail L. Sunderman, James S. Kim, and Gary Orfield

Annotation: Documents problems in six states in their attempts to implement NCLB; covers curricular and other aspects.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry, Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum

Swail, Watson Scott, ed., Finding Superman: Debating the Future of Public Education in America. New York: Teachers College Press, 2012., Watson Scott Swail

Annotation: Provides critiques of the movie, "Waiting for Superman." in terms of its portrayal of inner city charter schools, its biases, and its flawed assumptions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Criticism of Schooling, Curriculum and Politics

Sykes, Gary, "Government Intervention in the School Curriculum: Floating Like a Bee, Stinging like a Butterfly," pp. 313-330 in Jon Schaffarzick and Gary Sykes, eds., Value Conflicts and Curriculum Issues: Lessons from Research and Experience. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1979., Gary Sykes

Annotation: Appraises both the direct and the indirect interventions made by the U. S. government in the school curriculum of the 1960s and 1970s.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum

Tabak, Iris, "Prospects for Change at the Nexus of Policy and Design," Educational Researcher, 35(March, 2006), 24-30., Iris Tabak

Annotation: Discusses the design of policy documents, their nature, structure, and role, for enhancing implementation; draws on the idea of "pattern language."

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Frameworks, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Materials Development and Evaluation

Tahirsylaj, Armend, Kai Niebert, and Richard Duschl,"Curriculum and Didaktik in 21st Century: Still Divergent or Converging?, European Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2(No. 2, 2015), 262-281., Armend Tahirsylaj, Kai Niebert, and Richard Duschl

Annotation: Discusses and compares the U.S. concept of curriculum and the German/European concept of didaktik; analyzes dialogues between theorists about these two concepts and changes brought about by national standards and assessment policies.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Content Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum as Experience, Curriculum Professors, Discourse Analysis

Tampio, Nicholas, Common Core: National Education Standards and the Threat to Democracy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2019, Nicholas Tampio

Annotation: Explains the development and impact of various U.S. national subject area education standards; argues in favor of local establishment of curriculum and assessments rather than the national common core standards.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosopical Inquiry--Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry--Speculative Essay
Type of Study: SIngle Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Local Control of Schooling, Student Assessment

Tanner, Laurel N., "Contributions of the Eight-Year Study," Journal of Thought, 21 (Spring, 1986), 33-35., Laurel N. Tanner

Annotation: Highlights the value of the Eight-Year Study.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Classics of Curriculum Literature

NIE Curriculum Development Task Force, Current Issues, Problems, and Concerns in Curriculum Development . Washington, DC: National Institute of Education, NCER, 1976.*, NIE Curriculum Development Task Force

Annotation: Presents the results of a 1975 NIE survey of curriculum development processes, needs, roles, and relationships.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Survey
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Local Control of Schooling

Taubman, Peter, "Teaching Without Hope: What is Really at Stake in the Standards Movement, High Stakes Testing, and the Drive for 'Practical Reforms'," Journal of Curriculum Theorizing, 16(Fall, 2000), 19-33., Peter Taubman

Annotation: Identifies a series of assumptions underlying these reforms and critiques their implicit hopefulness.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum Standards and Testing

Taubman, Peter, "What is to Be Done in the Age of Accountability?" pp. 1-13 in Sheri Leafgren, Brian D. Schultz, Michael P. O'Malley, Larry Johnson, Jeanne F. Brady, and Audrey M. Dentith, eds., The Articulation of Curriculum and Pedagogy for a Just Society: Advocacy, Artistry, and Activism. Troy, NY: Educator's International Press, 2007., Peter Taubman

Annotation: Urges that professors of education not only resist accountability ideologies through their scholarly work but also that they refuse to comply with mandates related to this ideology.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Criticism of Schooling, Curriculum Professors

Taylor, William, "Power and the Curriculum," pp. 7-21 in Colin Richards, ed., Power and the Curriculum: Issues in Curriculum Studies . Nafferton, England: Nafferton Books, 1978 / Walkergate Press, 1979.*, William Taylor

Annotation: Relates the new criticism to the politics of the curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Teitelbaum, Kenneth N., "Contestation and Curriculum: The Efforts of American Socialists, 1900-1920," pp. 32-55 in Landon E. Beyer and Michael W. Apple, eds., The Curriculum: Problems, Politics, and Possibilities. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1988., Kenneth N. Teitelbaum

Annotation: Describes the socialist schools of this period and their curricula.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Visions and Philosophies, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Religious & Private Schooling

Thomas, Hywel, "Education and the Maximization of Welfare: A Response to 'Curricular Yogis and Cost-Benefit Commissars'," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 15(January-March, 1983), 73-82., Hywel Thomas

Annotation: Responds to O'Keeffe's article in 13 (3), 1981; analyzes implications for curriculum of policies designed to maximize the economic benefit from educational spending.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Defining Curriculum Research Questions, Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Tienken, Christopher H., "The Social Reform Landscape Reloaded: More Fraud, Myths, and LIes, 2nd Ed. Rowman & Littlefield, 2021., Christopher H. Tienken

Annotation: Critiques a wide range of policies and practices that dominate current education reforms by corporate elites; challenges numerous myths supporting these reforms; argues for return to democratic and localized policies and practices that support true education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry - Ampliative Criticism, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Criticisms of Schooling, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Curriculum and Poitics, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge, Local Control of Schooling, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Tomkins, George S., A Common Countenance: Stability and Change in the Canadian Curriculum . Scarborough, Ontario: Prentice-Hall Canada Inc.,1986., George S. Tomkins

Annotation: Provides a thorough-going historical account of the curriculum in Canadian schools from 1841-today.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum

Tomkins, George S., ed., The Curriculum in Canada in Historical Perspective . 1979 Yearbook of Canadian Society for the Study of Education. Vancouver, BC: CSSE, 1979., George S. Tomkins

Annotation: Provides a history of various aspects of Canadian curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum

Tomkins, George S., "Foreign Influences on Curriculum Policy Making and Development in Canada: Some Impressions in Historical and Contemporary Perspectives," pp. 127-139 in Jean-Jacques Bernier and George S. Tompkins, eds., Curriculum Canada, II: Curriculum Policy and Curriculum Development . Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia, CSCI, 1980. A slightly revised version of this article appears in Curriculum Inquiry, 11(Summer, 1981), 157-166., George S. Tomkins

Annotation: Traces the French, U. S., and British influences on Canadian curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum

Tomkins, George S., "Stability and Change in Canadian Curriculum," pp. 135-158 in J. Donald Wilson, ed., Canadian Education in the 1980's . Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, Ltd., 1981., George S. Tomkins

Annotation: Highlights the factors contributing to change in the history of Canadian curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics

Toohey, Kellen, "Minority Education Failure: Is Dialect a Factor?" Curriculum Inquiry, 16(Summer, 1986), 127-145., Kellen Toohey

Annotation: Summarizes the literature on the topic; concludes that differences in ways language is used in school and in minority communities outside school deserves further investigation; suggests teachers do their own inquiries into these matters.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Multiethnic Adaptation, English

Tournier, M., "Curriculum History: France," pp. 1195-1197 in T. Husen and T. N. Postlethwaite, eds., International Encyclopedia of Education . New York: Pergamon, 1984., M. Tournier

Annotation: Gives a brief overview of curriculum history in France.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum

Tripp, David H., and A. John Watt, "Core Curriculum: What It Is and Why We Don't Need One," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 16(April-June, 1984), 131-141., David H. Tripp and A. John Watt

Annotation: Critiques the Australian mandate for a core curriculum (1980).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Core Mandates, Comparative Curriculum

Tulley, Michael A., and Roger Farr, "The Purposes of State Level Textbook Adoption: What Does the Legislation Reveal?" Journal of Research and Development in Education, 18(Winter, 1985), 1-6., Michael A. Tulley and Roger Farr

Annotation: Provides a case study of legislating state textbook adoptions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Textbooks, Curriculum Deliberation, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Local Control of Schooling

Tyler, Ralph W., "Reflecting on the Eight-Year Study," Journal of Thought, 21 (Spring, 1986), 15-23. Reprinted pp. 193-203 in Craig Kridel, ed., Curriculum History . Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1989., Ralph W. Tyler

Annotation: Tyler gives his personal assessment of the value of the Eight Year Study 1934-1942.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Change, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Classics of Curriculum Literature

Tyree, Alexander K., Jr., "Examining the Evidence: Have States Reduced Local Control of Curriculum?" Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 15(Spring, 1993), 34-50.*, Alexander K. Tyree Jr.

Annotation: Analyzes four states' curriculum policies (in New York, California, Texas, Florida) on four qualities: consistency, prescriptiveness, authority, and power.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Content Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Local Control of Schooling, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum

Unks, Gerald, "Three Nations' Curricula: What Can We Learn from Them?" NASSP Bulletin, 76(December, 1992), 30-46.*, Gerald Unks

Annotation: Surveys subjects in the curriculum of Japan, Great Britain, and Germany, and relates this information to policy issues in U. S. curriculum

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Comparative Curriculum

Urban, Wayne J., "The Graduate Education of a Black Scholar: Horace Mann Bond and the University of Chicago," pp. 72-88 in Craig Kridel, ed., Curriculum History . Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1989., Wayne J. Urban

Annotation: A study of the experience of one student at the University of Chicago.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Higher Education Curriculum

Valenzuela, Angela, "Accountability and the Privatization Agenda," pp. 263-294 in Angela Valenzuela, ed., Leaving Children Behind: How "Texas-Style" Accountability Fails Latino Youth. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2005., Angela Valenzuela

Annotation: Documents the politics of the Texas legislation on school accountability and testing in 2003, and its relation to the conservative movement supporting educational privatization and vouchers.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Standards and Testing

Vallance, Elizabeth, "Hiding the Hidden Curriculum: An Interpretation of the Language of Justification in Nineteenth Century Educational Reform," Curriculum Theory Network, 4(No. 1, 1973/74), 5-21. Reprinted pp. 590-607 in Arno A. Bellack and Herbert M. Kliebard, eds., Curriculum and Evaluation . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1977.*, Elizabeth Vallance

Annotation: Traces the historical evidence for the hidden curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Vallance, Elizabeth, "The Public Curriculum of Orderly Images," Educational Researcher, 24(March, 1995), 4-13., Elizabeth Vallance

Annotation: Describes the curriculum and related planning for the Saint Louis Art Museum by the Director of Education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum as Environment

Valli, Linda, Robert G. Croninger, Marilyn J. Chambliss, Anna O. Graeber,and Daria Buese. Test Driven: High-Stakes Accountability in Elementary Schools. New York: Teachers College Press, 2008., Linda Valli, Robert G. Croninger, Marilyn J. Chambliss, Anna O. Graeber, and Daria Buese

Annotation: Presents data on how high-stakes testing and NCLB affected three elementary schools in the same school district during 2004-2005; teachers' stories are told about the test-taking cultures that developed, how they affected teachers' roles and responsibilities, how the curriculum was affected by the test-taking culture, how professional development changed, and how actual teaching was driven by this culture; key findings and policy recommendations are included with this report.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing

Van Geel, Tyll, Authority to Control the School Program. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1976., Geel Tyll Van

Annotation: Describes legal bases for controlling the curriculum; draws policy implications.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Local Control of Schooling

van Geel, Tyll, "The New Law of the Curriculum," pp. 25-71 in Jon Schaffarizick and Gary Sykes, eds., Value Conflicts and Curriculum Issues: Lessons from Research and Experience . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1979., Geel Tyll van

Annotation: Shows how both federal courts and Congress legislate curriculum and how agencies interpret these laws; discusses similar actions at the state level; shows how local control has been altered.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Local Control of Schooling, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum

Van Lohuizen, and C. W. Wali, "Knowledge Management and Policy-Making," Knowlege: Creation, Diffusion, Utilization, 8(September, 1986), 12-38., Lohuizen Van and C. W. Wali

Annotation: Discusses policy making and the role knowledge plays in it.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Knowledge Utilization

Venezky, Richard L.,"Texbooks in School and Society," pp. 436-462 in Philip W. Jackson, ed., Handbook of Research on Curriculum. New York: Macmillan, 1992., Richard L. Venezky

Annotation: Defines the nature and value of textbooks in U. S. schools, reviews the control of the content of textbooks, and traces the historical evolution of school textbooks.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Textbooks, Curriculum History, Materials Development and Evaluation

Vickers, Geoffrey, The Art of Judgment: A Study of Policy Making, Century Edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1995. Reprint of the Chapman & Hall 1965 book., Geoffrey Vickers

Annotation: Asserts features of policy-making as a regulatory function; Chapter 2, "Appreciation," highlights necessity of fully appreciating the dimensions of the problem before proposing solutions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Wahlstrom, Ninni, and Daniel Sundberg, "Discursive Institutionalism: Toward a Framework for Analyzing the Relation Between Policy and Curriculum," Journal of Educational Policy, 33(1, 2017)., Ninni Wahlstrom and Daniel Sundberg

Annotation: Offers a framework for analyzing transnational curricula at several levels (societal, programmatic, policy enactment, and curricular enactment) based on curriculum theory and discursive institutionalism (illustrated in the context of Swedish Lgr 11).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Concpetual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum

Waks, Leonard J., "Brown v Board, Common Citizenship,and the Limits of Curriculum," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 20(Winter, 2005), 94-128., Leonard J. Waks

Annotation: Shows how equal or common citizenship has not been achieved through court decisions since Brown, how factors inside and outside schools have changed the context for equal citizenship, and poses a possible solution: the networked common school in a virtual megasetting.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Citizenship Education, Media and Computers in Curriculum Development, Hidden Curriculum, Criticism of Schooling, Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Waks, Leonard J., Education 2.0: The Learningweb Revolution and the Transformation of the School. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers, 2014, Leonard J. Waks

Annotation: Argues for a new version of open schooling based on a network of web and web-supported educational organizations; presents a practical proposal based on contemporary research fully explicated; offers guidance on changing to this new paradigm.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form, Curriculum Change, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Open Education, Organization Theory, Alternatives in Education, Criticism of Schooling, Media and Computers in Curriculum Development

Waks, Leonard J., "Educational Objectives and Existential Heroes," pp. 15-29, "Curriculum as Engineering Design," pp. 31-35; "Curriculum Philosophy and Accountability," pp. 37-42 in Leonard J. Waks, Technology's School: The Challenge to Philosophy. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, 1995. *, Leonard J. Waks

Annotation: Critiques the doctrine of technical planning, evaluation, and behavioral specification and their relation to accountability

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Waks, Leonard J., "The Educational Situation 1901-2001: From Industrial Nation-State to Global Network Society," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 17(WInter, 2002), 100-103., Leonard J. Waks

Annotation: Includes a reprint of a portion of Dewey's 1902 "The Educational Situation" ; introduces a symposium on this writing of Dewey's.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Classics of Curriculum Literature, Literature

Waks, Leonard J., " 'The Educational Situation as Concerns the Universtiy' : 1901-2001," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 17(Winter, 2002), 144-159., Leonard J. Waks

Annotation: Reviews the substance of Dewey's 1902 article and analyzes the recent and current situation facing higher education today in light of its contrast with Dewey's time.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Higher Education Curriculum

Walker, Decker, "A Naturalistic Model for Curriculum Development," School Review, 80(November, 1971), 51-65. Also ERIC Document No. ED 042 252.*, Decker Walker

Annotation: Presents a conception of curriculum development that embraces political elements and processes.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Walker, Decker, "Curriculum Policymaking," pp. 280-286 in Marvin C. Alkin, ed., Encyclopedia of Educational Research, 6th ed. New York: Macmillan,1992.*, Decker Walker

Annotation: Summarizes the state of curriculum policy making in the U. S. from 1958 to 1991; notes both national and state processes at work as well as the effects.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Walker, Decker F., "Back to the Future: The New Conservatism in Education," Educational Researcher, 19(April, 1990), 35-38., Decker F. Walker

Annotation: Reviews three 1987 books (Finn & Ravitch, Hirsch, Bloom) and notes their ideological perspectives and their non-research bases.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Walker, Decker F., "Straining to Lift Ourselves: A Critique of the Foundations of the Curriculum Field." Curriculum Theory Network, 5(No. 1, 1975), 3-25., Decker F. Walker

Annotation: Examines underlying assumptions about curriculum policy found in the 1927 NSSE yearbook on curriculum-making and draws current implications.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making,Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism,Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay,Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Professionalization in Curriculum, Classics of Curriculum Literature, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Walker, J. C., "A Philosophy of Leadership in Curriculum Development: A Pragmatic and Holistic Approach," pp. 47-82 in Pat A. Drignan and R.J.S. Macpherson, eds., Educative Leadership: A Practical Theory for New Administrators and Mangers. London: The Falmer Press, 1992., J. C. Walker

Annotation: Presents a pragmatic holistic model of curriculum development within an educative philosophy of curriculum leadership.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Warwick, Donald P., and Thomas F. Pettigrew, "Toward Ethical Guidelines for Social Science Research in Public Policy," pp. 335-368 in Daniel Callahan and Bruce Jennings, eds., Ethics, the Social Sciences, and Policy Analysis. New York City: Plenum Press, 1983., Donald P. Warwick and Thomas F. Pettigrew

Annotation: Discusses issues in using research in formulating public policy.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Ethical Issues in Curriculum

Watkins, William H., and Y. Byo, "Curriculum History: Nigeria," pp. 218-220 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., International Encyclopedia of Education. Supplement Volume One. New York: Pergamon, 1988., William H. Watkins and Y. Byo

Annotation: Traces very briefly the history of curricula in Nigeria in pre-colonial, colonial, and post-independence periods.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum History

Weaver-Hightower, Marcus B., "An Ecology Metaphor for Educational Policy Analysis: A Call to Complexity," Educational Researcher, 37(April, 2008), 153-167., Marcus B. Weaver-Hightower

Annotation: Presents a conceptualization of policy ecology and its uses in policy analysis in education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Weiss, Carol, "Knowledge Creep and Decision Accretion," Knowledge: Creation, Diffusion, Utilization, 1(March, 1980), 381-404., Carol Weiss

Annotation: Discusses problems with decision making using research knowledge.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Wells, Amy Stuart, Jennifer Jellison Holme, Awo Korantemaa Atanda, and Anita Tijerina Revilla, "Tackling Racial Segregation One Policy at a Time: Why School Desegregation Only Went So Far," Teachers College Record, 107(Sepember, 2005), 2141-2177., Amy Stuart Wells, Jennifer Jellison Holme, Awo Korantemaa Atanda, and Anita Tijerina Revilla

Annotation: Reports on a 5-year case study of six racially diverse high schools from the late 1970s; describes their curricular and organizational methods of school integration, the external societal factors that influenced the effects of these efforts, and the views of graduates about the long-term impact of their school experiences.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Curriculum and Politics, Multicultural Education, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Westbury, Ian, "Deliberation and the Improvement of Schooling," pp. 37-65 in J. T. Dillon, ed., Deliberation in Education and Society. Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1994.*, Ian Westbury

Annotation: Presents the arguments for and against the use of deliberation in school-based decision-making and curriculum improvement.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Local Control of Schooling, Curriculum Development Strategies

Westbury, Ian, "Educational Policy-Making in New Contexts: The Contribution of Curriculum Studies," Curriculum Inquiry, 7(Spring, 1977), 3-18.*, Ian Westbury

Annotation: Seeks to give curriculum studies centrality in meeting policy issues concerned with appropriate educational ends and means.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Knowledge Utilization

Westbury, Ian, et al., "Organizing Curriculum Change: An Introduction," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 48(Issue 6, 2016),729-743., Ian Westbury

Annotation: Introduces a series of reports in this issue of JCS that discuss a cross-nation study ("Organizing Curriculum Change") that examined and compared curriculum-making processes and policies of governments and commissions in Norway, United States (Illinois), Finland, Germany, Switzerland, Estonia, and United Kingdom. (See seven articles that follow.)

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Content Analysis, Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum Development Strategies

Westbury, Ian, "How Should We Be Judging the American High School?" Journal of Curriculum Studies, 20(July-August, 1988), 291-315., Ian Westbury

Annotation: Discusses the types of secondary schools that might be created through educational reforms in light of evidence of past accomplishments of these traditions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making,Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Survey
Narrow Topic: Secondary School Curriculum

Westbury, Ian, "Making Curricula: Why Do States Make Curricula, and How?" pp. 45-65 in F. Michael Connelly, Ming Fang He, and JoAnn Phillion, eds., The SAGE Handbook of Curriculum and Instruction. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2008., Ian Westbury

Annotation: Describes how states manage curriculum making and reforms; includes examples from several countries

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Comparative Curriculum, Content Selection and Organization

Westbury, Ian, "Schooling as an Agency of Education: Some Implications for Curriculum Theory," pp. 88-114 in W. B. Dockrell and David Hamilton, eds., Rethinking Educational Research . London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1980.*, Ian Westbury

Annotation: Criticizes schools and curricula as agencies designed to deliver a particular conception of what knowledge is worth knowing, thus limiting our options.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Criticism of Schooling, Classroom Observation & Research, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Westbury, Ian, "The Burdens and the Excitement of the 'New' Curriculum Research: A Response to Hlebowitsh's "The Burdens of the New Curricularist," Curriculum Inquiry, 29(Fall,1999), 355-364.*, Ian Westbury

Annotation: Acknowledges certain views and challenges others of both Hlebowitsh and the reconceptualists; sets forth a third perspective tied to Reid's notion of translating ideals into institutionalized curriculum and also tied to Schwab's notion of deliberation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum History, Curriculum Specialists in Schools, Curriculum Deliberation

Westbury, Ian, "The Curriculum: What Is It and How Should We Think About It?" pp. 129-158 in M. Bloomer and K. E. Shaw, eds., The Challenge of Educational Change: Limitations and Potentialities . Oxford: Pergamon, 1979.*, Ian Westbury

Annotation: Challenges the means-end form of argument commonly used in curriculum policy rhetoric because it ignores ideological, historical, and institutional issues that require deliberate practical reasoning to resolve.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, School Subjects, English

Westbury, Ian, " 'The Educational Situation as Concerns the Elementary School' : Implications for our Time," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 17(Winter, 2002), 120-129., Ian Westbury

Annotation: Reviews the substance of Dewey's 1902 article and analyzes its relevance for today.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Elementary School Curriculum, Classics of Curriculum Literature

Westbury, Ian, and Chao-Sheng Hsu, "Structures of Curriculum Governance and Classroom Practice in Mathematics," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 18(Summer, 1996), 123-139.*, Ian Westbury and Chao-Sheng Hsu

Annotation: Re-examines international data on relation between central control (setting of standards) and actual content coverage in mathematics classes; challenges previous findings on effects by country of degree of central control and classroom practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Mathematics, Content Selection and Organization, Local Control of Schooling

White, John, "Compulsion and the Curriculum," British Journal of Educational Studies, 32(June, 1984), 148-157., John White

Annotation: Discusses the issues surrounding deciding what curriculum activities or objectives are to be compulsory.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum as Experience