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Citations from 1995

Carr, Wilfred, "Whatever Happened to Action Research?" pp. 100-107 in Wilfred Carr, For Education: Toward Critical Educational Inquiry. Bristol, PA: Open University Press, 1995.*, Wilfred Carr

Annotation: Discusses the nature of action research in relation to its contrast with positivism.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Comparative Curriculum

Huebner, Dwayne, "Education and Spirituality," JCT: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Curriculum Studies, 11(No. 2, 1995), 13-38., Dwayne Huebner

Annotation: Addresses the spiritual dimensions of curriculum theory in terms of goals, content, teaching, and evaluation (criticism).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Religious Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Content Selection and Organization

Macdonald, Bradley J., ed., Theory as a Prayerful Act: The Collected Essays of James B. Macdonald. New York: Peter Lang, 1995., Bradley J. Macdonald

Annotation: Collects 11 essays by James B. Macdonald in curriculum theory; contains bibliography of his writings; reviewed in JCT, Fall, 1999, p. 73.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Literature of Curriculum

Kliebard, Herbert M., "The 'Cardinal Principles' Report as Archaeological Deposit," Curriculum Studies, 3(October, 1995). Reprinted with editorial modifications, pp. 39-49 in Herbert M. Kliebard, Changing Course: American Curriculum Reform in the 20th Century. New York: Teachers College Press, 2002., Herbert M. Kliebard

Annotation: Contrasts the 1918 Cardinal Principles report with the 1893 Committee of Ten report; suggests revised interpretations of each report's consequences.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Classics of Curriculum Literature, Secondary School Curriculum, Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Gay, Geneva, "Curriculum Theory and Multicultural Education," pp. 25-43 in James Banks and Cherry Banks, eds., The Handbook of Research on Multicultural Education. New York: Macmillan, 1995., Geneva Gay

Annotation: Reviews theoretical work in multicultural education within an extensive comparison with theoritical work in general curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Definitions, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Multicultural Education, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Cohen, David K., "What is System in Systemic Reform," Educational Researcher, 24 (December, 1995), 11-17; 31., David K. Cohen

Annotation: Sums up findings on policy studies related to theme of state and local policy instruments to attain systemic educational reform, including the use of curriculum standards and assessments.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Standards and Testing

MacPherson, Eric D., "Chaos in the Curriculum," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 27(May-June, 1995), 263-279. Commentaries in 29(January-February, 1997), 87-100; 101-103., Eric D. MacPherson

Annotation: Reviews the place of chaos theory in the curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization

Carlson, Dennis L., "Constructing the Margins: Of Multicultural Educaiton and Curriculum Settlements," Curriculum Inquiry, 25(Winter, 1995), 407-431.*, Dennis L. Carlson

Annotation: Builds the case for a reconstructed multicultural curriculum that overcomes current restricted version; a response follows in a succeeding article with the author giving a rejoiner in another article.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Change, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Differentiation, Ideology and School Knowledge, Multicultural Education, Values in the Classroom, Democratic Education

Glanz, Jeffrey, "Review of 'The Changing Curriculum' (1937)," Educational Studies, 26(Winter, 1995), 326-334., Jeffrey Glanz

Annotation: Traces the origin and activities of the Society for Curriculum Study (and their publication Curriculum Journal) and the Department of Supervisors and Directors of Instruction (and their publication Educational Method) from the 1920s through their joint publication in 1937 of The Changing Curriculum to their merger in 1943 becoming the Department of Supervision and Curriculum Development (in 1946-ASCD).

Broad Topical Focus: Publication Outlets for Curriculum Research and Inquiry, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: American/International Curriculum Organizations, Professionalization in Curriculum, Curriculum History

Teitelbaum, Kenneth, Schooling for 'Good Rebels': Socialism, American Education, and the Search for Radical Curriculum. New York: Teachers College Press, 1995., Kenneth Teitelbaum

Annotation: Examines curriculum of Socialist Sunday schools of the early twentieth century.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics, Religious & Private Schooling

Cross, Beverly E., "The Case for a Culturally Coherent Curriculum," pp. 71-86 in James A. Beane, ed., Toward a Coherent Curriculum. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1995., Beverly E. Cross

Annotation: Sets forth a view of attaining coherence through a culturally coherent curriculum; illustrates with an example from Malcollm X Academy in Milwaukee.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Multicultural Education, Content Selection and Organization

Casey, Kathleen, "The New Narrative Research in Education," pp. 211-253 in Michael W. Apple, ed., Review of Research in Education, 21, 1995-1996. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association, 1995., Kathleen Casey

Annotation: Reviews examples of and methodological issues related to narrative research in education and other fields of inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Kniep, Willard M., and Giselle O. Martin-Kniep, "Designing Schools and Curriculums for the 21st Century," pp. 87-100 in James A. Beane, ed., Toward a Coherent Curriculum. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1995., Willard M. Kniep and Giselle O. Martin-Kniep

Annotation: Presents the model for attaining coherence employed by two districts (Yonkers and District 146 Chicago).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization

Burdell, Pat, "Teen Mothers in High School: Teaching Their Curriculum," pp. 163-208 in Micheal W. Apple, ed., Review of Research in Education, 21, 1995-1996. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association, 1995., Pat Burdell

Annotation: Reviews studies on a social problem and related school practices including curricular responses to the problem.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Differentiation, Curriculum and Politics, Content Selection and Organization

Eisner, Elliot W., The Hidden Consequences of a National Curriculum. Washington, DC: AERA, 1995., Elliot W. Eisner

Annotation: Has five articles and two responses on issues related to a nationalized curriculum policy in the U. S.; includes comparisons with European national curricula and projections of possible consequences.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Local Control of Schooling, Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum Standards and Testing

Wiess, Carol H., "The Four 'I's' of School Reform: How Interests, Ideology, Information, and Institutuion Affect Teachers and Principals," Harvard Educational Review, 65 (Winter, 1995), 571-592., Carol H. Wiess

Annotation: Reports the effect of the interaction of the four "i's" in shared decision-making in 12 public high schools and discusses the implications for school reform.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Page, Reba, "Who Systematizes the Systematizers? Policy and Practice Interactions in a Case of State-Level Systemic Reform," Theory into Practice, 34(Winter, 1995), 21-29.*, Reba Page

Annotation: Reports a study of political aspects of a change involving the science curriculum framework in California.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Frameworks, Science, Curriculum Standards and Testing

Slattery, Patrick "A Postmodern Vision of Time and Learning: A Response to the National Education Commission Report, Prisoners of Time," Harvard Educational Review, 65(WInter, 1995), 612-633.*, Patrick Slattery

Annotation: Critiques the view of time in curriculum as something to be restructured more efficiently in favor of a view of time as something infused with meaning and grounded in the present, cosmic, and quantum in its qualitites, integrated with self and place.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Time on Task, Teaching/Learning Process, Curriculum as Experience

Shkedi, Asher, "Teachers' Attitudes toward a Teachers' Guide: Implications for the Roles of Planners and Teachers," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 10(Winter, 1995), 155-170., Asher Shkedi

Annotation: Reports teachers' use of, judgments on effectiveness of, views about the writers of, and attitudes toward curriculum guides.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Materials Development and Evaluation, Curriculum Implementation, Comparative Curriculum

Kliebard, Herbert M., "Why History of Education?" The Journal of Educational Research, 88(March/April, 1995), 194-199.*, Herbert M. Kliebard

Annotation: Explains the limited use of historical inquiry in effecting contemporary policy and practice; asserts its role in reinterpreting old questions in the current setting.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Criticism of Schooling, Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Wagstaff, Juanita Garcia, "Site-Based Management, Shared Decision Making, and Science and Mathematics Education: A Tale of Two Districts," Theory into Practice, 34(Winter, 1995), 66-73.*, Juanita Garcia Wagstaff

Annotation: Evaluates the impact of site-based management and shared decision-making in two Texas school districts.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Langer, Judith A., "Literature and Learning to Think," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 10(Spring, 1995), 207-226., Judith A. Langer

Annotation: Sets forth possible ways to conceive of and to teach literature so that horizons of possibility exist in fostering thinking and problem-solving; includes some classroom episodes.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Literature, Critical Thinking, Content Selection and Organization

Ayalon, Hanna, "Math as a Gatekeeper: Ethnic and Gender Inequality in Course Taking of the Sciences in Isreal," American Journal of Education, 104(November, 1995), 34-56., Hanna Ayalon

Annotation: Reports an empirical study of the effects of ethnic and gender differences on course taking in science and the resulting inequalities.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Differentiation, Comparative Curriculum, Science

Boe, Erling E., and Sujie Shin, "Is the United States Really Losing the International Horse Race in Academic Achievement?" Phi Delta Kappan, 86(May, 2005), 688-695., Erling E. Boe and Sujie Shin

Annotation: Looks at data from six international comparison studies and organizes these data collectively and interprets these combined results.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Student Assessment, Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum Standards and Testing

Citations from 1994

Atkins, Elaine, "Deliberations of College Faculty," pp. 101-155 in J. T. Dillon, ed., Deliberation in Education and Society. Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1994., Elaine Atkins

Annotation: Presents descriptions and transcripts of curriculum deliberations by four faculty members and analyzes their conceptions of curriculum as revealed in their deliberations.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Shanks, Joyce, "Student Reactions to a Standardized Curriculum: A Case Study," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 10(Fall, 1994), 43-59., Joyce Shanks

Annotation: Reports how students and teachers in a mid-western elementary school experienced a curriculum change that standardized the curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing

Little, Judith Warren, and Susan M. Threatt, "Work on the Margins: Compromises of Purpose and Content in Secondary Schools," Curriculum Inquiry, 24(Fall,1994), 269-292., Judith Warren Little and Susan M. Threatt

Annotation: Shows how vocational education in five California comprehensive high schools is compromised in purpose and content.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Vocational vs. Liberal Education, Secondary School Curriculum, Content Selection and Organization

Klein, M. Frances, "The Toll for Curriculum Reform," Peabody Journal of Education, 69(Spring, 1994), 19-34.*, M. Frances Klein

Annotation: Reviews various forms of curriculum designs and their rationales and advocates further work on alternative designs.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization

Hunkins, Francis P., and Patricia A. Hammill, "Beyond Tyler and Taba: Reconceptualizing the Curriculum Process," Peabody Journal of Education, 69(Spring, 1994), 4-18., Francis P. Hunkins and Patricia A. Hammill

Annotation: Sums up the contributions of Bobbitt, Tyler, Taba, Doll, and others in relation to postmodern thought.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization

Owens, John M., et al., Acquiring Knowledge of Implementation and Change: Essential for Program Evaluators?" Knowledge: Creation, Diffusion, Utilization, 15(March, 1994), 273-284., John M. Owens

Annotation: Gives Australian experience on using program evaluation findings and related issues.

Broad Topical Focus: Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Utilization, Program Audit/Evaluation, Comparative Curriculum

Behar, Linda S., and Allan Ornstein, "Domains of Curriculum Knowledge: An Empirical Analysis," The High School Journal, 77(April-May, 1994), 322-329.*, Linda S. Behar and Allan Ornstein

Annotation: Identifies nine domains (encompassing 55 curriculum practices) of curriculum knowledge and work that should be possessed by general curriuculum specialists as seen by teachers in Illinois and Florida.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Specialists in Schools, Teacher Knowledge

Boostrom, Robert, "A Curriculum of Caring," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 26(January-February, 1994), 97-114., Robert Boostrom

Annotation: Reviews 3 books by Nel Noddings on caring and the curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Content Selection and Organization

Burnaford, Gail, James Beane, and Barbara Brodhagen, "Teacher Action Research: Inside an Interpretive Curriculum," Middle School Journal, 26(November, 1994), 5-13.*, Gail Burnaford, James Beane, and Barbara Brodhagen

Annotation: Describes action research done by teachers where action research is viewed as curriculum, not something being done to curriculum, along with assumptions and examples.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Research, Curriculum Integration

Beyer, Landon E., "The Curriculum, Social Context, and 'Political Correctness'," Journal of General Education, 43(No. 1, 1994), 1-31.*, Landon E. Beyer

Annotation: Argues against the contemporary conservative views of curriculum in higher education that accept a singular view of truth, reality, or certainty; critiques those views in terms of philosophical and contextual criteria.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Liberal Education/General Education, Higher Education Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics, Multicultural Education, Knowledge Generation

Martin, Jane Roland, Changing the Educational Landscape: Philosophy, Women, and Curriculum. New York: Routledge, 1994., Jane Roland Martin

Annotation: Reprints 13 essays by the author on philosophical aspects of curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Hidden Curriculum, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Philosophical Schools

Hansen, David T., et al.,"Curriculum History: National Profiles," pp. 1288-1301 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., The International Encyclopedia of Education, 2d ed. New York: Pergamon, 1994.*, David T. Hansen

Annotation: Reveiws curriculum history in Germany, China, United Kingdom, and United States.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum, Government Role in Educational Research & Development

Gundem, Bjorg B., "History of Curriculum", pp. 1301-1308 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., The International Encyclopedia of Education, 2d ed. New York: Pergamon, 1994.*, Bjorg B. Gundem

Annotation: Reviews the scope, subject matter, and value of historical inquiry in curriculum; history of curriculum theories, of curriculum codes, of school subjects, of curriculum reform and practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum History, School Subjects

Pratt, David and Edmund C. Short, "Curriculum Management," pp. 1320-1325 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., The International Encyclopedia of Education, 2d ed. New York: Pergamon, 1994.*, David Pratt and Edmund C. Short

Annotation: Covers curriculum development processes of needs assessment, planning of all elements of curriculum, structuring of the elements, installation, maintenance, and research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance, Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Baker, Eva L., "Researchers and Assessment Policy Development: A Cautionary Tale," American Journal of Education, 102(August, 1994), 450-477., Eva L. Baker

Annotation: Reports the meetings of organizations involved since 1991 in national policy debates over curriculum standards assessments and the different perspectives of assessment experts and politicians.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Content Selection and Organization

Edgerton, Susan H., "Curriculum Politics and Policies," pp. 1334-1338 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., The International Encyclopedia of Education, 2d ed. New York: Pergamon, 1994.*, Susan H. Edgerton

Annotation: Reviews curriculum politics (hidden, reproduction, resistance, and criticisms) and curriculum policies (centralized vs local) across several countries.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Comparative Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Local Control of Schooling

Cohen, Rosetta Marantz, "The Ordeal of Change: A True Story of High School Reform," Teachers College Record, 96(Winter, 1994), 148-166., Rosetta Marantz Cohen

Annotation: Reports on the process of change in one Coalition for Essential Schools school; three related responses follow this article.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Secondary School Curriculum

Blumenfeld-Jones, Donald S., "Three Forms of 'Discipline': Implications for Curriculum Design," Journal of Thought, 29(Fall, 1994), 27-40., Donald S. Blumenfeld-Jones

Annotation: Posits order, limitation, and community as three forms of discipline, each of which has different implications for curriculum design.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization

Richardson, Virginia, "Conducting Research on Practice," Educational Researcher, 23(June-July, 1994), 5-10., Virginia Richardson

Annotation: Contrasts formal inquiry with practical inquiry in the context of research on teaching.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes

Gaffield, Chad, "Children's Lives and A adcemic Achievement in Canada and the United States," Comparative Education Review, 38(February, 1994), 36-64., Chad Gaffield

Annotation: Analyzes social and cultural factors affecting achievement on the IAEP, 1991.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum as Experience, Student Assessment

Rubin, Louis, "The Ralph Tyler Legacy: In Memoriam, Ralph Tyler (1902-1994)," Educational Researcher, 23(June-July, 1994), 32-33., Louis Rubin

Annotation: Points out the outstanding qualities that made Ralph Tyler's personal and professional life so valued by so many people.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Wraga, William G., Democracy's High School: The Comprehensive High School and Educational Reform in the United States. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1994., William G. Wraga

Annotation: Presents a history of the comprehensive high school in the United States, its unique contribution to democratic education, its rise and waning as a unitary cosmopolitan model for the high school, the forces opposing and supporting it in contemporary schooling, and recommendations for enhancing its efficacy and vitality.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Content Selection and Organization

Massell, Diane, and Michael Kirst, "Determining National Content Standards," Education and Urban Society, 26(February, 1994), 107-117., Diane Massell and Michael Kirst

Annotation: Describes the current process by which national standards are being established in various content areas of the curriculum in the U.S.; relates to boundary conditions, planning, deliberations, outcomes,and capacity building.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Curriculum Deliberation

Ornstein, Allan C., "The Textbook-Driven Curriculum," Peabody Journal of Education, 69(Spring, 1994), 70-85., Allan C. Ornstein

Annotation: Summarizes characteristics of textbooks and mentions some related research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Textbooks, Materials Development and Evaluation

Reid, William A., Curriculum Planning as Deliberation. Oslo: Universitetet I. Oslo, 1994., William A. Reid

Annotation: Explains the logic of the deliberative model of curriculum problem resolution and the institutional and moral character of curriculum deliberation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Brunner, Diane DuBose, Inquiry and Reflection: Framing Narrative Practice in Education. Albany: SUNY Press, 1994., Diane DuBose Brunner

Annotation: Combines a narrative method and a critical perspective in illustrating stories of schooling, teaching, etc.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Criticism of Schooling

Nieto, Sonia, "Lessons from Students on Creating a Chance to Dream," Harvard Educational Review, 64(Winter, 1994), 392-426., Sonia Nieto

Annotation: Reports interviews with students of diverse backgrounds about their reactions to curriculum, pedagogy, and related topics.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Evaluation of Instruction

Goodson, Ivor F., with Christopher J. Anstead, "Behind the Schoolhouse Door: The Historical Study of Curriculum, " pp. 51-61; 127-129 in Ivor F. Goodson, ed., Studying Curriculum. New York: Teachers College Press, 1994.*, Ivor F. Goodson and Christopher J. Anstead

Annotation: Presents the case for doing historical inquiry on actual school curriculum, delineates principles and processes for such inquiry, and offers a brief example.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum

Pinar, William F., Autobiography, Politics, and Sexuality: Essays in Curriculum Theory, 1972-1992. New York: Peter Lang, 1994., William F. Pinar

Annotation: Presents 15 essays written between 1972 and 1992 by the author which convey the meaning ofautobiography as curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum as Experience

Kridel, Craig, "Reconsidersation: The Story of the Eight-Year Study," Educational Studies, 25 (Summer, 1994), 101-115., Craig Kridel

Annotation: Reviews a 1942 volume on the Eight-year Study by Wilford M. Aikin and corrects several misconceptions about the study.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Classics of Curriculum Literature, Secondary School Curriculum, Curriculum Integration

Porter, Andrew C., "National Standards and School Improvement in the 1990s: Issues and Promise," American Journal of Education, 102(August, 1994), 42l-449., Andrew C. Porter

Annotation: Analyzes different types of standards as they are emerging from current debates on curriculum standards; also discusses several related issues.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Curriculum and Politics, Content Selection and Organization

Kirst, Michael W., "The Politics of Nationalizing Curricular Content," American Journal of Education, 102(August, 1994), 383-393., Michael W. Kirst

Annotation: Summarizes the issues in the current debates over national curriculum standards.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum Standards and Testing

Thigpen, Carol, "Meiklejohn and Maritain: Two Views on the End of Progressive Education,' Teachers College Record, 96(Fall, 1994), 87-101., Carol Thigpen

Annotation: Gives the views of Meiklejohn and Maritain on Dewey's philosophy of education and identifies the curriculum that corresponds to each of their views.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Stray, Chris, "Paradigms Regained: Towards a Historical Sociology of the Textbook," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 26(January- February, 1994), 1-29., Chris Stray

Annotation: Discusses textbooks as cultural commodities throughout history.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Textbooks, Curriculum History

McQuillan, Patrick J., and Donna E. Muncey, "Change Takes Time: A Look at the Growth and Development of the Coalition of Essential Schools," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 26( May-June, 1994), 265-279., Patrick J. McQuillan and Donna E. Muncey

Annotation: Reports on a study of several Coaltion of Essential Schools projects and the central problems they faced.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum Implementation

Johnsen, Egil Borre, "Amateurs Crossing Prairies of Oblivion: Textbook Writers and Textbook Research," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 26(May-June, 1994), 297-311., Egil Borre Johnsen

Annotation: Examines several aspects of textbook writing and research in Europe.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Textbooks, Comparative Curriculum, Materials Development and Evaluation

Braithwaite, R. J., "Governance of Curriculum in Australia, 1981-1991," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 26(September-October, 1994), 541-552., R. J. Braithwaite

Annotation: Describes changes in policy and governance of education in Australia from 1981-1991.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum History

Wraga, William G., "The Cardinal Principles Report Revisited," Education and Culture (formerly Current Issues in Education), 11(Fall, 1994), 6-16., William G. Wraga

Annotation: Discusses the 1918 Cardinal Principles report around issues of social efficiency, tracking, and the common school ideal.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Classics of Curriculum Literature, Social Efficiency/Control, Curriculum Differentiation

Kirk, David, "A Journal and its Field: The Impact of the Journal of Curriculum Studies," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 26(November-December, 1994), 669-681., David Kirk

Annotation: Reviews the citation of articles from this journal by Social Science Citation Index and discusses the journal's impact.

Broad Topical Focus: Publication Outlets for Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Survey
Narrow Topic: Literature of Curriculum

Watkins, John M., "A Postmodern Critical Theory of Research Use," Knowledge and Policy, 7( No. 4, 1994/1995), 55-78.*, John M. Watkins

Annotation: Explains critical realism as a perspective for viewing knowledge use; contrasts positivism, interpretivism, and critical perspectives as they have been employed in theories of knowledge creation, dissemination, and use.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Knowledge Utilization

Posner, George, "Curriculum Planning Models," pp. 1328-1334 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., The International Encyclopedia of Education, 2d ed. New York: Pergamon, 1994.*, George Posner

Annotation: Analyzes curriculum planning models as to procedural, descriptive, and conceptual features and illustrates each with examples.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Willis, George, "Curriculum Evaluation: Qualitative," pp. 1284-1288 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., The International Encyclopedia of Education, 2d ed. New York: Pergamon, 1994.*, George Willis

Annotation: Characterizes qualitative curriculum evaluation, traces its origins, outlines its principle activities and aims, and describes one form known as educational connoisseurship and criticism.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry, Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research

Hargreaves, Andy, Changing Teachers, Changing TImes: Teacher's Work and Culture in the Postmodern Age. New York: Teachers College Press, 1994., Andy Hargreaves

Annotation: Presents essays on teacher change, time, work, and culture, and their implications for school leaders.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Criticism of Schooling, Teacher Planning, Classroom Observation & Research

Calhoun, Emily F., How to Use Action Research in the Self-Reviewing School. Alexandria, VA: ASCD, 1994., Emily F. Calhoun

Annotation: Describes the five phases of the action research process for school-wide improvement.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Walberg, Herbert J., Richard P. Niemiec, and Wayne C. Frederick, "Productive Curriculum Time," Peabody Journal of Education, 69(Spring,1994), 86-100., Herbert J. Walberg, Richard P. Niemiec, and Wayne C. Frederick

Annotation: Reviews research on use of time and its effects on learning within the curriculum and the school day and year.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Time on Task

Slattery, Patrick, and Kevin Daigle, "Curriculum as a Place of Turmoil: Deconstructing the Anguish in Walker Percy's 'Feliciana' and Ernest Gaines' 'Pointe Coupee'," Curriculum Inquiry, 24(Winter, 1994), 437-461., Patrick Slattery and Kevin Daigle

Annotation: Treats place and context in literary works as curriculum content.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Literature

Wraga, William G., "Performance Assessment: A Golden Opportunity to Improve the Future," NASSP Bulletin, 78(September, 1994), 71-79., William G. Wraga

Annotation: Draws lessons from the past for improving performance assessment of students.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Student Assessment

Anyon, Jean, "The Retreat of Marxism and Socialist Feminism: Postmodern and Poststructural Theories in Education," Curriculum Inquiry, 24(Summer, 1994), 115-133.*, Jean Anyon

Annotation: Critiques work of Cherryholmes, Lather, Ellsworth, Giroux, and McLaren with respect to the lack of empirical basis for their critical theories and offers an alternative approach of her own. Cherryholmes responds in a related article that follows.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge, Philosophical Schools

Fenstermacher, Gary D., "The Knower and the Known: The Nature of Knowledge in Research on Teaching," pp.3-56 in Linda Darling-Hammond, ed., Review of Research in Education, 20: 1994. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association,1994., Gary D. Fenstermacher

Annotation: Reviews the epistemic status of both formal and practical knowledge related to research on teaching.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge, Conceptions of Teaching, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Sosniak, Lauren A., "The Taxonomy, Curriculum, and their Relations," pp. 103-125 in Lorin W. Anderson and Lauren A. Sosniak, eds., Bloom's Taxonomy: A Forty-year Retrospective. 93rd Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, Part II. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1994., Lauren A. Sosniak

Annotation: Sets forth merits and limitations in the contributions to curriculum made by Bloom's Taxonomy (cognitive domain).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum History, Student Assessment

Watt, John, "Schooling and Comprehensive Understanding," pp. 151-165, and "Mores, Myths, and Moralities," pp. 166-184 in his Ideology, Objectivity, and Education. New York: Teachers College Press, 1994., John Watt

Annotation: Proposes curriculum based on the concept of comprehensive understanding (not on ideology or constructivism) and the concept of evaluative pluralism.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum

Klein, Susan S., and Patricia E. Ortman, "Continuing the Journey Toward Gender Equity," Edcuational Researcher, 23(November, 1994), 13-21., Susan S. Klein and Patricia E. Ortman

Annotation: Addresses gender equity issues in both formal and informal curriculum, among other areas.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Content Selection and Organization, Materials Development and Evaluation

Hollingsworth, Sandra, and Hugh Sockett, eds., Teacher Research and Educational Reform. 93rd Yearbook of the National Society of Education, Part I. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1994., Sandra Hollingsworth and Hugh Sockett

Annotation: Reports the prospects and challenges to the teacher as inquirer and action researcher as a contributor to educational reform.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Research

Darling-Hammond, Linda, "National Standards and Assessments: Will They Improve Education?" American Journal of Education, 102(August, 1994), 478-510., Linda Darling-Hammond

Annotation: Argues against the use of national curriculum standards and national assessments related to them.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Curriculum and Politics, Content Selection and Organization, Local Control of Schooling, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum

Massell, Diane, "Achieving Consensus: Setting the Agenda for State Curriculum Reform," pp. 84-108 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1994., Diane Massell

Annotation: Reports on agenda-setting strategies in four state's curriculum policy - making process and creates a model for possible use elsewhere.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Curriculum Deliberation

Fuhrman, Susan H., and Richard F. Elmore, "Governors and Educational Policy in the 1990s," pp. 56-74 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1994., Susan H. Fuhrman and Richard F. Elmore

Annotation: Traces the emergence of the role of state governors in education policy formation since the 1970s.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum History

Martin, Jane Roland, "Curriculum and the Mirror of Knowledge," pp. 212-227 in her Changing the Educational Landscape: Philosophy, Women, and Curriculum. New York: Routledge, 1994., Jane Roland Martin

Annotation: Takes issue with the view that curriculum needs to mirror knowledge.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Practical Knowledge

Clark, John A., "Objectivity, Subjectivity, and Relativism in Educational Research," Curriculum Inquiry, 24(Spring, 1994), 81-94., John A. Clark

Annotation: Critiques earlier articles by Eisner, Barone, and Guba in Curriculum Inquiry 22(1) on the subjects in the title; followed by responses by Eisner and Barone.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Llorens, Mary Beth, "Action Research: Are Teachers Finding their Voice?" The Elementary School Journal, 95(September, 1994), 3-10., Mary Beth Llorens

Annotation: Discusses the lack of teachers' voices in action research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Research

Moustakas, Clark, Phenomenological Research Methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1994., Clark Moustakas

Annotation: Explains transcendental phenomenology and its inquiry methods as one of several phenomenological methods.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Mulder, Martin, "Deliberation in Curriculum Conferences," pp. 157-209 in J. T. Dillon, ed., Deliberation in Education and Society. Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1994., Martin Mulder

Annotation: Describes method of deliberation in curriculum conferences developed by Frey in Germany and reports on content and process of three case studies of curriculum conferences.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum

Goodlad, John I., "Curriculum as a Field of Study," pp. 1262-1267 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., The International Encyclopedia of Education, 2d ed. New York: Pergamon, 1994.*, John I. Goodlad

Annotation: Identifies the scholars and trends that have contributed to the development of curriculum as a field of study.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Fuhrman, Susan H., "Legislatures and Educational Policy," pp. 30-55 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1994., Susan H. Fuhrman

Annotation: Assesses the accomplishments of state legislatures and suggest future challenges.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Government Role in Educational Research & Development

Schwarz, Gretchen, and Lee Ann Cavener, "Outcome-based Education and Curriculum Changes: Advocacy, Practice, and Critique," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 9(Summer, 1994), 326-338., Gretchen Schwarz and Lee Ann Cavener

Annotation: Reports experience in Oklahoma with outcome-based education and gives reasons for its failure there.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Foshay, Arthur W., "Action Research: An Early History in the United States," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 9(Summer, 1994), 317-325. A version of this article also appears in pp. 73=80, Lynn M. Burlbaw and Sherry L. Field, eds., Explorations in Curriculum History. Greenwich,CT: Information Age Publishing, 2005., Arthur W. Foshay

Annotation: Reports work initiated in the 1940s and 1950s in cooperative action research and draws lessons from that era for today.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum History

Wasserman, Stanley, and Katherine Faust, Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994., Stanley Wasserman and Katherine Faust

Annotation: Provides detailed methods of conducting, representing, interpreting, and evaluating social network analyses; includes graphic, sociometric, and algebraic approaches with their technical requirements; examples of studies using these methods are given.

Broad Topical Focus: Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Organization Theory

Lusi, Susan Follett, "Systemic School Reform: The Challenge Faced by State Departments of Education," pp. 109-130 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1994., Susan Follett Lusi

Annotation: Outlines changes in external and internal relationships of state departments of education that affect systemic school reform.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Government Role in Educational Research & Development

Porter, Andrew C., John Smithson, and Eric Osthoff, "Standard Setting as a Strategy for Upgrading High School Mathematics and Science," pp. 138-166 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1994., Andrew C. Porter, John Smithson, and Eric Osthoff

Annotation: Examines effects of using curriculum policy instruments such as increased graduation requirements, state curriculum frameworks, staff development, and textbook adoption requirements in six states.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Secondary School Curriculum, Mathematics, Science, Curriculum Frameworks

Spillane, James P., "How Districts Mediate between State Policy and Teachers' Practice," pp. 167-185 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1994., James P. Spillane

Annotation: Gives the experience of one local district's response to a new state reading policy.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Local Control of Schooling, Reading, Teacher Knowledge

Fullan, Michael G., "Coordinating Top-Down and Bottom-Up Strategies for Educational Reform," pp.186-202 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1994., Michael G. Fullan

Annotation: Summarizes the use of a combination top-down bottom-up strategy of educational change.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Elmore, Richard F., and Susan H. Fuhrman, "Education Professionals and Curriculum Governance," pp. 210-215 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria,VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1994., Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman

Annotation: Discusses the political realities of curriculum governance and gives practical advice to professionals engaged in governance.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Specialists in Schools

Gardner, Howard, and Veronica Boix-Mansilla, "Teaching for Understanding in the Disciplines--and Beyond," Teachers College Record, 96(Winter, 1994), 198-218., Howard Gardner and Veronica Boix-Mansilla

Annotation: Poses forms of disciplinary knowledge that make up a currriculum for understanding.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Teaching/Learning Process

Short, Edmund C., "Doing and Using our Best Curriculum Inquiry: Directions for the 1980s," Journal of Curriculum Discourse and Dialogue, 1(Spring,1994), 122-126., Edmund C. Short

Annotation: Gives recommendations made in 1981 on choosing and doing curriculum inquiries more carefully and on tying them more closely to real school problems.

Broad Topical Focus: Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Defining Curriculum Research Questions, Publication Outlets for Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Sabar, Naama, "Curriculum Development at School Level," pp. 1267-1272 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., The International Encyclopedia of Education, 2d ed. New York: Pergamon, 1994.*, Naama Sabar

Annotation: Describes the nature and characteristics of school level curriculum development and identifies its advantages and disadvantages.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Goodson, Ivor F., Studying Curriculum. New York: Teachers College Press, 1994., Ivor F. Goodson

Annotation: Collects previous work by the author that relates to the history of school subjects in Canada and Britain from a social constructivist perspective.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: School Subjects, Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum History

Hlebowitsh, Peter S., "The Forgotten Hidden Curriculum," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 9(Summer, 1994), 339-349.*, Peter S. Hlebowitsh

Annotation: Explores the concept of hidden curriculum as understood by Dewey, Tyler, and Bode, and criticizes recent radical critics' understandings of the hidden curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum