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Citations from 1994

Van Manen, Max, "Pedagogy, Virtue, and Narrative Identity in Teaching," Curriculum Inquiry, 24(Summer, 1994), 135-170., Manen Max Van

Annotation: Describes the pedagogical relation and the virtues or qualities of teaching.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Conceptions of Teaching

Anyon, Jean, "The Retreat of Marxism and Socialist Feminism: Postmodern and Poststructural Theories in Education," Curriculum Inquiry, 24(Summer, 1994), 115-133.*, Jean Anyon

Annotation: Critiques work of Cherryholmes, Lather, Ellsworth, Giroux, and McLaren with respect to the lack of empirical basis for their critical theories and offers an alternative approach of her own. Cherryholmes responds in a related article that follows.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge, Philosophical Schools

Elmore, Richard F., and Susan H. Fuhrman, "Education Professionals and Curriculum Governance," pp. 210-215 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria,VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1994., Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman

Annotation: Discusses the political realities of curriculum governance and gives practical advice to professionals engaged in governance.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Specialists in Schools

Fullan, Michael G., "Coordinating Top-Down and Bottom-Up Strategies for Educational Reform," pp.186-202 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1994., Michael G. Fullan

Annotation: Summarizes the use of a combination top-down bottom-up strategy of educational change.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Spillane, James P., "How Districts Mediate between State Policy and Teachers' Practice," pp. 167-185 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1994., James P. Spillane

Annotation: Gives the experience of one local district's response to a new state reading policy.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Local Control of Schooling, Reading, Teacher Knowledge

Porter, Andrew C., John Smithson, and Eric Osthoff, "Standard Setting as a Strategy for Upgrading High School Mathematics and Science," pp. 138-166 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1994., Andrew C. Porter, John Smithson, and Eric Osthoff

Annotation: Examines effects of using curriculum policy instruments such as increased graduation requirements, state curriculum frameworks, staff development, and textbook adoption requirements in six states.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Secondary School Curriculum, Mathematics, Science, Curriculum Frameworks

Lusi, Susan Follett, "Systemic School Reform: The Challenge Faced by State Departments of Education," pp. 109-130 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1994., Susan Follett Lusi

Annotation: Outlines changes in external and internal relationships of state departments of education that affect systemic school reform.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Government Role in Educational Research & Development

Massell, Diane, "Achieving Consensus: Setting the Agenda for State Curriculum Reform," pp. 84-108 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1994., Diane Massell

Annotation: Reports on agenda-setting strategies in four state's curriculum policy - making process and creates a model for possible use elsewhere.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Curriculum Deliberation

Fuhrman, Susan H., and Richard F. Elmore, "Governors and Educational Policy in the 1990s," pp. 56-74 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1994., Susan H. Fuhrman and Richard F. Elmore

Annotation: Traces the emergence of the role of state governors in education policy formation since the 1970s.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum History

Fuhrman, Susan H., "Legislatures and Educational Policy," pp. 30-55 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1994., Susan H. Fuhrman

Annotation: Assesses the accomplishments of state legislatures and suggest future challenges.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Government Role in Educational Research & Development

Smith, Marshall S., Susan H. Fuhrman, and Jennifer O'Day, "National Curriculum Standards: Are They Desirable and Feasible?" pp. 12-29 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1994., Marshall S. Smith, Susan H. Fuhrman, and Jennifer O'Day

Annotation: Defines five kinds of national curriculum standards, weighs their pros and cons, and discusses their feasibility.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Local Control of Schooling

Elmore, Richard F., and Susan H. Fuhrman, "Governing Curriculum: Changing Patterns in Policy, Politics, and Practice," pp. 1-10 in Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development,1994., Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman

Annotation: Gives overview of yearbook topics such as national curriculum and local control, curriculum politics, spanning institutional boundaries, and working toward curriculum reform.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics

Goodson, Ivor F., Studying Curriculum. New York: Teachers College Press, 1994., Ivor F. Goodson

Annotation: Collects previous work by the author that relates to the history of school subjects in Canada and Britain from a social constructivist perspective.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: School Subjects, Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum History

McCarthy, Cameron, "Multicultural Discourses and Curriculum Reform: A Critical Perspective," Educational Theory, 44(Winter,1994), 81-98., Cameron McCarthy

Annotation: Reviews several forms of multicultural curricula and makes the case for critical multiculturalism.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Multicultural Education, Multiethnic Adaptation, Ideology and School Knowledge

Elmore, Richard F., and Susan H. Fuhrman, eds., The Governance of Curriculum.. 1994 ASCD Yearbook. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1994., Richard F. Elmore and Susan H. Fuhrman

Annotation: Sums up changes in state and local policy making roles and processes in curriculum, reviews related research and reports of experience, and draws implications for action by education professionals.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Local Control of Schooling, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum

King, Jennifer A., "Meeting the Educational Needs of At-risk Students: A Cost Analysis of Three Models," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 16(Spring, 1994), 1-19., Jennifer A. King

Annotation: Compares the Slavin (Success for All), Levin (Accelerated Schools), and Comer (School Development) models of elementary curriculum and their relative costs.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Alternatives in Education, Needs Assessment, Elementary School Curriculum

Wraga, William G., "Performance Assessment: A Golden Opportunity to Improve the Future," NASSP Bulletin, 78(September, 1994), 71-79., William G. Wraga

Annotation: Draws lessons from the past for improving performance assessment of students.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Student Assessment

van Bruggen, John C., "Curriculum Development Centers," pp 1272-1278 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., The International Encyclopedia of Education, 2d ed. New York: Pergamon, 1994.*, John C. van Bruggen

Annotation: Names and describes the work of curriculum development centers around the world.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Comparative Curriculum

Llorens, Mary Beth, "Action Research: Are Teachers Finding their Voice?" The Elementary School Journal, 95(September, 1994), 3-10., Mary Beth Llorens

Annotation: Discusses the lack of teachers' voices in action research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Research

Blumenfeld-Jones, Donald S., "Three Forms of 'Discipline': Implications for Curriculum Design," Journal of Thought, 29(Fall, 1994), 27-40., Donald S. Blumenfeld-Jones

Annotation: Posits order, limitation, and community as three forms of discipline, each of which has different implications for curriculum design.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization

Kincheloe, Joe L., and Peter L. McLaren, "Rethinking Critical Theory and Qualitative Research" pp. 138-157 in Norman Denzin and Yvonna Lincoln, eds., Handbook of Qualitative Research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1994. *, Joe L. Kincheloe and Peter L. McLaren

Annotation: Traces the roots and development of critical research and its processes and employment in critical ethnography.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry, Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research

Denzin, Norman, and Yvonna Lincoln, eds., Handbook of Qualitative Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1994., Norman Denzin and Yvonna Lincoln

Annotation: Summarizes 36 topics related to the practice of qualitative research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research

Yin, Robert K., Case Study Research: Design and Methods, 2nd ed. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1994., Robert K. Yin

Annotation: Gives guidance on designing, conducting, analyzing evidence, and composing reports of case study research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Sabar, Naama, "Curriculum Development at School Level," pp. 1267-1272 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., The International Encyclopedia of Education, 2d ed. New York: Pergamon, 1994.*, Naama Sabar

Annotation: Describes the nature and characteristics of school level curriculum development and identifies its advantages and disadvantages.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Rubin, Louis J., "Ralph W. Tyler: A Remembrance," Phi Delta Kappan, 75(June, 1994), 784-785; 789., Louis J. Rubin

Annotation: Gives a tribute to Ralph W. Tyler who died February 18, 1994, at age 91+.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Goodlad, John I., "Curriculum as a Field of Study," pp. 1262-1267 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., The International Encyclopedia of Education, 2d ed. New York: Pergamon, 1994.*, John I. Goodlad

Annotation: Identifies the scholars and trends that have contributed to the development of curriculum as a field of study.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Brunner, Diane DuBose, Inquiry and Reflection: Framing Narrative Practice in Education. Albany: SUNY Press, 1994., Diane DuBose Brunner

Annotation: Combines a narrative method and a critical perspective in illustrating stories of schooling, teaching, etc.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Criticism of Schooling

Klein, Susan S., and Patricia E. Ortman, "Continuing the Journey Toward Gender Equity," Edcuational Researcher, 23(November, 1994), 13-21., Susan S. Klein and Patricia E. Ortman

Annotation: Addresses gender equity issues in both formal and informal curriculum, among other areas.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Content Selection and Organization, Materials Development and Evaluation

Owens, John M., et al., Acquiring Knowledge of Implementation and Change: Essential for Program Evaluators?" Knowledge: Creation, Diffusion, Utilization, 15(March, 1994), 273-284., John M. Owens

Annotation: Gives Australian experience on using program evaluation findings and related issues.

Broad Topical Focus: Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Utilization, Program Audit/Evaluation, Comparative Curriculum

Darling-Hammond, Linda, "National Standards and Assessments: Will They Improve Education?" American Journal of Education, 102(August, 1994), 478-510., Linda Darling-Hammond

Annotation: Argues against the use of national curriculum standards and national assessments related to them.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Curriculum and Politics, Content Selection and Organization, Local Control of Schooling, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum

Citations from 1993

Fullan, Michael, Change Forces: Probing the Depths of Educational Reform. London: Falmer Press, 1993., Michael Fullan

Annotation: Summarizes research related to change in education and teacher education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Teacher Education

Wilson, Bruce L., and Gretchen B. Rossman, Mandating Academic Excellence: High School Responses to State Curriculum Reform. New York: Teachers College Press, 1993., Bruce L. Wilson and Gretchen B. Rossman

Annotation: Reports an examination of five schools' responses to Maryland's increased course requirements of 1985 by RBS researchers with implications for the role of policy changes in school reform.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Survey
Narrow Topic: Core Mandates, Secondary School Curriculum

Lancy, David F. Qualitative Research in Education: An Introduction to the Major Traditions. White Plains, NY: Longman, 1993., David F. Lancy

Annotation: Gives overviews of traditions and processes of eight forms of qualitative research in education from anthropology to historical.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research

Cherryholmes, Cleo H., "Reading Research," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 25(January-February, 1993), 1-32.*, Cleo H. Cherryholmes

Annotation: Demonstrates a feminist, a critical, and a deconstructionist reading of a research study on comprehension of texts; calls for a pragmatic approach.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Hermeneutic Inquiry, Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Knowledge Utilization, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Discourse Analysis

Angus, David L., and Jeffrey E. Mirel, "Equality, Curriculum, and the Decline of the Academic Ideal: Detroit, 1930-68," History of Education Quarterly, 33(Summer, 1993),177-207., David L. Angus and Jeffrey E. Mirel

Annotation: Reports the distribution of courses in various academic and non-academic subjects in Detroit from 1930-1968 and notes the decline of the former.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: School Subjects, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Enrollment Changes-Implications

Howe, Kenneth R., and Katharine Cutts Dougherty, "Ethics, Institutional Review Boards, and the Changing Faces of Educational Research," Educational Researcher, 22(December, 1993), 16-21., Kenneth R. Howe and Katharine Cutts Dougherty

Annotation: Explores the ethical issues that qualitative research presents to oversight boards in reviewing educational research and student research practica.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ethical Issues in Curriculum, Qualitative Research

St. Maurice, Henry, "Two Rhetorics of Cynicism in Curriculum Deliberation, or Two Riders in a Barren Landscape," Educational Theory, 43(Spring, 1993), 147-159., Maurice Henry St.

Annotation: Traces the history of two forms of cynicism and illustrates them with educational examples in historical and contemporary curriculum deliberation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Martinello, Marian L., and Gillian E. Cook, "Interdisciplinary Qualities of Inquiry," The Educational Forum, 58(Fall, 1993), 36-47.*, Marian L. Martinello and Gillian E. Cook

Annotation: Examines the modes of inquiry in the literary arts, the fine and performing arts, mathematics, the natural and social sciences, and the humanities; also examines the influences on and products of inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum Integration

Gastil, John, Democracy in Small Groups: Participation, Decision-Making, & Communication. Philadelphia: New Sociey Publishers, 1993., John Gastil

Annotation: Gives principles and examples of democratic processes for use in small groups.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Democratic Education

Carter, Kathy, "The Place of Story in the Study of Teaching and Teacher Education," Educational Researcher, 22(January-February, 1993), 5-12., Kathy Carter

Annotation: Describes the narrative form of inquiry and shows how this is used in the study of teaching and teacher education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Education

Apple, Michael W. , Official Knowledge: Democatic Education in a Conservative Age , 1st ed. New York: Routledge, 1993. 2nd ed., 2000. 3rd ed., 2014., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Explains the politics of official knowledge in the curriculum, textbooks, state regulations, industry-provided TV news, and packaged curricula; offers personal examples of activist work. 3rd edition has new front material and two new chapters.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Textbooks

Portelli, John P., "Exploring the Hidden Curriculum," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 25(July-August, l993), 343-358., John P. Portelli

Annotation: Analyzes four meanings of hidden curriculum and their moral implications.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Moral Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Beane, James A., A Middle School Curriculum: From Rhetoric to Reality, 2nd ed., Columbus, OH: National Middle School Association, 1993., James A. Beane

Annotation: Presents a rationale and a set of guidelines for a middle school curriculum designed to meet the challenges of early adolescents.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Middle School Curriculum, Curriculum Integration, Content Selection and Organization

Bell, Judith, Doing Your Research Project, 2nd Ed. Bristol, PA: Open University Press, 1993., Judith Bell

Annotation: Presents a basic introduction to generic planning for a research project by graduate students.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Programs of Study in Curriculum and Instruction

Robinson, Viviane, Problem-Based Methodology: Research for the Improvement of Practice. New York: Pergamon, 1993., Viviane Robinson

Annotation: Outlines research on practice that employs theories of action in a problem-based methodology using dialogue.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Wraga, William G., "The Interdisciplinary Imperative for Citizenship Education,' Theory and Research in Social Education, 21(Summer, 1993), 201-231., William G. Wraga

Annotation: Discuses rationale, historical precedents, theoretical issues, and recent developments in interdisciplinary curriculum generally and in social studies in particular.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Integration, Curriculum History, Citizenship Education, Social Studies

Banks, James A., "Multicultural Education: Development,Dimensions, and Challenges," Phi Delta Kappan, 75(September, 1993), 22-28. Reprinted pp. 129-139 in James A. Banks, Race, Culture, and Education: The Selected Works of James A. Banks. New York: Routledge, 2006., James A. Banks

Annotation: Describes five components of multicultural Education: content integration, knowledge construction process, prejudice reduction, equity pedagogy, and improving school culture and social structure.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Multicultural Education, Content Selection and Organization

Wagner, Jon, "Ignorance in Educational Research: Or, How Can You Not Know That?" Educational Researcher, 22(June-July, 1993), 15-23., Jon Wagner

Annotation: Proposes the conceptualizing of research as a process of removing blank spots and blind spots rather than the search for truth.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Hopkins, David, A Teacher's Guide to Classroom Research, 2nd. ed. Bristol, PA: Open University Press, 1993., David A. Hopkins

Annotation: Provides practical guidance for using action research to improve classroom and school practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Classroom Observation & Research

Thaman, Konai Helu, "Culture and the Curriculum in the South Pacific," Comparative Education, 29(No. 3, 1993), 249-260., Konai Helu Thaman

Annotation: Argues for cultural analysis and cultural literacy in curriculum development projects in Pacific countries.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Comparative Curriculum

Bowers, C. A., Critical Essays on Education, Modernity, and the Recovery of the Ecological Imperative. New York: Teachers College Press, 1993., C. A. Bowers

Annotation: Critiques the place of cultural literacy, educational computing, and the ecological perspective on education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Computers and Technology as Subjects, Social Studies, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Calhoun, Emily F., "Action Research: Three Approaches," Educational Leadership, 51(October, 1993), 62-65., Emily F. Calhoun

Annotation: Describes individual teacher research, collaborative action research, and schoolwide action research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Research

Doll, William E., Jr., A Post-Modern Perspective on Curriculum. New York: Teachers College Press, 1993., William E. Doll Jr.

Annotation: Emphasizes a postmodern view of curriculum arising out of a new cosmology of uncertainity; structured non-linearly around richness, recursion, relations, and rigor.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Visions and Philosophies, Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum as Experience

Connell, R. W., "Curricular Justice," pp. 43-54 in his Schools and Social Justice. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1993., R. W. Connell

Annotation: Discusses three design principles of a curriculum that leads to social justice; discusses what makes for an unjust curriculum; argues for a counter-hegemoic curriculum logic.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum and Politics, Ethical Issues in Curriculum

McKernan, Jim, "Varieties of Curriculum Action Research: Constraints and Typologies in American, British, and Irish Projects," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 25(September-October, 1993), 445-457., Jim McKernan

Annotation: Reports on studies of constraints on action research efforts, their benefits, and who action researchers read.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Comparative Curriculum

Stewart, William J., "Facilitating Holistic Curriculum Planning in Schools," The Clearing House, 67(November-December,1993), 112-115., William J. Stewart

Annotation: Describes and illustrates a holistic curriculum development strategy that is comprehensive, cooperative, coordinated, and continuous.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Young, Jean Helen, "Principals and Collaborative Curriculum Development: Does Gender Make a Difference?" The Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 39(December, 1993), 433-448.*, Jean Helen Young

Annotation: Reports an empirical study of the extent of collaboration between school staff and principals on 18 curriculum development tasks by gender.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Banks, James A., "The Canon Debate, Knowledge Construction, and Multicultural Education," Educational Researcher, 22(June, 1993), 4-14. Reprinted pp. 145-164 in James A. Banks, Race, Culture, and Education: The Selected Works of James A. Banks. New York: Routledge, 2006., James A. Banks

Annotation: Presents and describes a typology of knowledge for multicultural education: personal/cultural, popular, mainstream academic, transformative academic, and school knowledge.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Multicultural Education, Content Selection and Organization

Watkins, William H., "Black Curriculum Orientations: A Preliminary Inquiry," Harvard Educational Review, 63(Fall, l993), 321-338., William H. Watkins

Annotation: Portrays black functionalism, accommodationism, liberal education, nationalist, Afrocentric, and social reconstructionism.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum History

Dyer, Daniel, "Gordon F. Vars: The Heart and Soul of Core Curriculum" Middle School Journal, 24(January,1993), 30-38., Daniel Dyer

Annotation: Traces the contributions of Gordon F. Vars to the core curriculum concept.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Integration, Middle School Curriculum, Curriculum History

Fullan, Michael G., and Matthew B. Miles, "Getting Reform Right: What Works and What Doesn't," Phi Delta Kappan, 73 (June, 1993), 745-752., Michael G. Fullan and Matthew B. Miles

Annotation: Gives 7 reasons why reform fails and 7 propositions for success.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Scharta, Michael, ed., Qualitative Voices in Educational Research. Philadelphia: Falmer Press, 1993., Michael Scharta

Annotation: Gives examples of qualitative research studies in education where "voice" is highlighted.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research

Peshkin, Alan, "The Goodness of Qualitative Research," Educational Researcher, 22(March, 1993), 23-29.*, Alan Peshkin

Annotation: Identifies outcomes possible with qualitative modes of research (description, interpretation, verification, and evaluation) and their possible subcategories.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry, Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research

Schubert, William H., "Curriculum Reform," pp. 80-112 in Gordon Cawelti, ed., Challenges and Achievements of American Education . Alexandria, VA: ASCD, 1993.*, William H. Schubert

Annotation: Traces the history of four curriculum orientations since 1943, notes their contributors and the related literature, and identifies questions needing reflection today.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Classics of Curriculum Literature, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Tyree, Alexander K., Jr., "Examining the Evidence: Have States Reduced Local Control of Curriculum?" Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 15(Spring, 1993), 34-50.*, Alexander K. Tyree Jr.

Annotation: Analyzes four states' curriculum policies (in New York, California, Texas, Florida) on four qualities: consistency, prescriptiveness, authority, and power.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Content Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Local Control of Schooling, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum

Eisner, Elliot W., "Reshaping Assessment in Education: Some Criteria in Search of Practice," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 25(May-June, 1993), 219-233., Elliot W. Eisner

Annotation: Traces history of assessment and presents eight features of a new conception of assessment.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Student Assessment, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Evaluation of Instruction, Marking, Program Audit/Evaluation

Carr, David, "Varieties of Goodness in the School Curriculum," Educational Philosophy and Theory, 25(No.1, 1993), 1-18., David Carr

Annotation: Analyzes the various kinds of values inherent in curriculum and curriculum studies.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Values in the Classroom

Miller, Janet L., "Constructions of Curriculum and Gender," pp. 43-63 in Sari Knopp Biklen and Dianne Pollard, eds., Gender and Education, 92nd Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, Part I. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1993., Janet L. Miller

Annotation: Provides an autobiographical female perspective on curriculum content and gender concerns.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Hidden Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., "The Politics of Official Knowledge: Does a National Curriculum Make Sense? Teachers College Record, 95(Winter, l993), 222-241; reprinted pp. 22-41 in Michael W. Apple, Cultural Politics and Education. New York: Teachers College Press, 1996.*, Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Argues against conservative perspective on a national curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Curriculum and Politics, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Curriculum Standards and Testing

Sagor, Richard, How to Conduct Collaborative Action Research. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1993., Richard Sagor

Annotation: Describes collaboration, problem formulation, data collection and analysis, and reporting of results of action research and how to put it into action.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Reid, William A., "Does Schwab Improve on Tyler? A Response to Jackson," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 25(November-December, l993), 499-510.*, William A. Reid

Annotation: Critiques Phil Jackson's interpretation of Schwab's contributions to curriculum theory in connection with the Tyler Rationale.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Classics of Curriculum Literature, Curriculum History

Greene, Maxine, "Diversity and Inclusion: Toward a Curriculum for Human Beings," Teachers College Record, 95(Winter, 1993), 211-221.*, Maxine Greene

Annotation: Makes the case for inclusion of diverse perspectives, including women's, in curriculum content.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization

Eisner, Elliot W., "Forms of Understanding and the Future of Educational Research," Educational Researcher, 22(October, 1993), 5-11.*, Elliot W. Eisner

Annotation: Describes how concepts are formed out of experience of the qualitative environment and suggests use of multiple forms of inquiry in educational research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Aesthetic Inquiry and Curriculum Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes

Prawat, Richard S., "The Value of Ideas: Problems versus Possibilities in Learning," Educational Researcher, 22(August-September, l993), 5-16.*, Richard S. Prawat

Annotation: Reviews the idea-based social-constructivism (embedded) approach to designing curriculum and instruction.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Prideaux, David, "School-based Curriculum Development: Partial, Pardoxical, and Piecemeal," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 25(March-April,1993), 169-178.*, David Prideaux

Annotation: Shows how school-based curriculum development can be a means of central authorities controlling local decision-making in the Australian setting.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Comparative Curriculum, Local Control of Schooling

Doll, William E., Jr., "The Four R's--An Alternate to the Tyler Rationale," pp. 174-183 in A Post-Modern Perspective on Curriculum. New York: Teachers College Press, 1993., William E. Doll Jr.

Annotation: Presents a set of criteria for curriculum designed to foster a post-modern view; contrasts these criteria with those imbedded in the Tyler Rationale; further comments on this last topic appear on pp. 30-31 and pp. 52-55 in this volume.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum as Experience, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Alternatives in Education, Conceptions of Teaching, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Riessman, Catherine Kohler, Narrative Analysis. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1993.*, Catherine Kohler Riessman

Annotation: Describes and illustrates five levels of narrative representation in sociological research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research

Ross, E. Wayne, "Institutional Constraints on Curriculum Deliberation," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 8(Winter,1993), 95-111.*, E. Wayne Ross

Annotation: Reports a case study of curriculum deliberation in terms of selected institutional constraints.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Cochran-Smith, Marilyn, and Susan L. Lytle, Inside/Outside: Teacher Research and Knowledge. New York: Teachers College Press, 1993., Marilyn Cochran-Smith and Susan L. Lytle

Annotation: Gives background of various processes by which teacher research is conducted and provides numerous examples of journals, oral inquiries, classroom and school studies, and essays.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Research

Short, Edmund C., "Three Levels of Questions Addressed in the Field of Curriculum Research and Practice," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 9(Fall, l993), 77-86.*, Edmund C. Short

Annotation: Distinguishes questions of curriculum practice, inquiry, and methodologies of inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Defining Curriculum Research Questions, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Change, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Altrichter, Herbert, "The Concept of Quality in Action Research: Giving Practitioners a Voice in Educational Research," pp. 40-55 in Michael Schratz, ed., Qualitative Voices in Educational Research. London: Falmer, 1993.*, Herbert Altrichter

Annotation: Presents six criteria of quality for action research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Flinders, David J., and Geoffrey E. Mills, eds., Theory and Concepts in Qualitative Research: Perspectives from the Field. New York: Teachers College Press, 1993., David J. Flinders and Geoffrey E. Mills

Annotation: Questions and demonstrates the role of normative theory and concepts in qualitative research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Hlebowitsh, Peter S. Radical Curriculum Theory Reconsidered: A Historical Approach. New York: Teachers College Press, 1993., Peter S. Hlebowitsh

Annotation: Critiques the radical curriculum theorists from the vantage point of the strengths of Tyler.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Classics of Curriculum Literature

Maloney, Carmel, "Implementing Curriculum: A Case Study," Curriculum Perspectives, 13(September, 1993), 23-32., Carmel Maloney

Annotation: Surveys 12 teachers in three Australian primary schools on their experience of innovation using CBAM.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Survey
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Implementation, Comparative Curriculum

Cuban, Larry, "The Lure of Curricular Reform and Its Pitiful History," Phi Delta Kappan, 75(October, 1993), 182-185., Larry Cuban

Annotation: Traces forty years of attempts at curriculum reform and suggests strategies for overcoming lack of real reform.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Curriculum Development Strategies

Firestone, William A., "Alternative Arguments for Generalizing from the Data as Applied to Qualitative Research," Educational Researcher, 22(May, 1993), 16-23., William A. Firestone

Annotation: Discusses three types of generalizations that can be made from qualitative case studies and the logic and merits of each type.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Qualitative Research

Marshall, J. Dan,"A Successful Voyage," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 9(Fall,1993), 105-111., J. Dan Marshall

Annotation: Reviews background and years of Edmund C. Short as editor of Journal of Curriculum and Supervision.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Publication Outlets for Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Gitlin, Andrew, et al. Teacher's Voices for School Change: An Introduction to Educative Research. New York: Teachers College Press, 1993., Andrew Gitlin

Annotation: Describes educative teacher research through stories of teachers' lives and school histories.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Conceptions of Teaching

Miles, Matthew B., "40 Years of Change in Schools: Some Personal Reflections," Educational Administration Quarterly, 29(May, 1993), 213-248.*, Matthew B. Miles

Annotation: Traces ten research programs between 1953 and 1993 in which the author was engaged that dealt with aspects of individual and organizational change in education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Curriculum Implementation

Willis, George, William H. Schubert, Robert V. Bullough, Jr., Craig Kridel, and John T. Holton, eds., The American Curriculum: A Documentary History. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993., George Willis, William H. Schubert, Robert V. Bullough Jr., Craig Kridel, and John T. Holton

Annotation: Reprints 36 documents of historical significance in U. S. curriculum history from 1642 to 1983.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Classics of Curriculum Literature, Literature of Curriculum

Citations from 1992

Goodson, Ivor, "Studying School Subjects," Curriculum Perspectives, 12 (April, 1992), 23-26., Ivor Goodson

Annotation: Reviews the historical work done in studying the origins and development of school subjects in U. S., Canada, Europe, and Australia.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: School Subjects, Curriculum History, Comparative Curriculum

Montero-Sieburth, Martha, "Models and Practice of Curriculum Change in Developing Countries," Comparative Education Review, 36(May, 1992), 175-193., Martha Montero-Sieburth

Annotation: Summarizes studies on curriculum change in developing countries and teachers' roles in the process.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum

Benavot, Aaron, "Curricular Content, Educational Expansion, and Economic Growth," Comparative Education Review, 36(May,1992), 150-174., Aaron Benavot

Annotation: Examines cross-national empirical evidence of relative economic value of various subjects in the curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: School Subjects, Comparative Curriculum

Vandenberg, Donald, "Researching Lived Experience: A Review Essay," Educational Theory , 42(Winter, 1992), 119-126.*, Donald Vandenberg

Annotation: Critiques a book by Max Van Manen on methods of phenomenological research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Bogdan, Robert C., and Sari Knopp Biklen, Qualitative Reseach for Education: An Introduction to Theory and Methods, 2d Ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 1992., Robert C. Bogdan and Sari Knopp Biklen

Annotation: Outlines practical approaches to conducting qualitative research studies in education from designing studies to writing them up.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Qualitative Research

Goodson, Ivor F.,"On Curriculum Form," Sociology of Education, 65(January, 1992), 66-75. Reprinted pp. 69-80 in Ivor F. Goodson, Learning, Curriculum, and Life Politics: The Selected Works of Ivor F. Goodson. London: Routledge, 2005., Ivor F. Goodson

Annotation: Traces the structuration of science as a school subject for "higher order" and for "lower order" students in the United Kingdom.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Curriculum and Politics, School Subjects, Science

Kliebard, Herbert M., "Curriculum History," pp. 264-267 in Marvin C. Alkin, ed., Encyclopedia of Educational Research, 6th ed. New YorK: Macmillan, 1992.*, Herbert M. Kliebard

Annotation: Reviews the reinterpretations of early twentieth century curriculum reforms by studies done in the last twenty-five years; also reviews recent historical case studies of school system curricula and the recent attention given to how subjects arose and changed.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines,Curriculum Research Domains and Structure,Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum History

Molnar, Alex, "Contemporary Curriculum Discourse: Too Much Ado about Too Much Nothing," Theory into Practice, 31(Summer, 1992), 198-203., Alex Molnar

Annotation: Reviews discourse on curriculum over the last 20 years including critical issues such as corporate involvement in education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Discourse Analysis, Curriculum and Politics, Criticism of Schooling

Curry, Lynn, Bruce Fried, and Ron McQueen, "Preparing for Accreditation: An Opportunity for Faculty Development and Curriculum Renewal," Journal of Health Administration Education, 10(Summer, 1992), 491-507.*, Lynn Curry, Bruce Fried, and Ron McQueen

Annotation: Gives a case study of the use of deliberative curriculum inquiry in an accreditation process for a health service administration program at the University of Toronto; comments on use at two other Canadian universities.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Programs of Study in Curriculum and Instruction, Curriculum Deliberation, Comparative Curriculum

Boomer, Garth, "Curriculum Composing and Evaluating." pp. 32-45 in Garth Boomer, Nancy Lester, Cynthia Onore, and Jan Cook, eds., Negotiating the Curriculum: Educating for the 21st Century. London: The Falmer Press, 1992., Garth Boomer

Annotation: Conceptualizes five stages of the negotiation process involved in curriculum planning, teaching, learning, and evaluation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Conceptions of Teaching, Teaching/Learning Process, Content Selection and Organization, Democratic Education