CIRS - Curriculum Inquiry and Related Studies in Educational Research: A Searchable Bibliography of Selected Studies is a database of research studies that focuses primarily on curriculum practices and policies in education, inquiry methods useful in studying these topics, and exemplary studies from the published literature on these topics. This bibliography features a search capability by which a user can readily draw out from this list of nearly 4000 (and continually expanding) citations a list of those citations of interest on a specific topic. It covers much of the 20th century and 21st century literature to date. Each citation is accompanied by a brief annotation of its contents and by a series of descriptors by which it can be located in a search of the entire bibliography. To see what appears in a full citation, see a citation in the list below. This list, by the way, contains all the citations available in CIRS and can be browsed here if desired.

For searching or printing help, visit the Tips for Using the CIRS Database page. For more information about this database, click on any of the following links: About the Bibliography; Significance; About the Compiler.

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Apple, Michael W., Power, Meaning, and Identity: Essays in Critical Educational Studies. New York: Peter Lang, 1999., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Collects ten of Apple's previously published articles on politics and curriculum, the control of curriculum knowledge, and critical educational studies, with an extended introduction and an epilogue.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Ideology and School Knowledge, Knowledge Generation

Apple, Michael W., "Rationality as Ideology," Educational Theory, 26(Winter, 1976), 121-131.*, Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Sets forth a perspective on Feinberg's book, Reason and Rhetoric.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., "Reproduction, Contestation, and Curriculum: An Essay in Self-Criticism," Interchange, 12(Nos. 2-3, 1981), 27-47., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Recaps Apple's own work and sets it in relation to the broader curriculum field.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge

Apple, Michael W., "Review of Bourdieu and Passerson 'Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture'," School Review, 86(November, 1977), 144-147., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Presents an exploration and crtical review of this book.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge

Apple, Michael W., "Scientific Interests and the Nature of Educational Institutions," pp. 120-132 in William Pinar, ed., Curriculum Theorizing . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1975., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Argues that the curriculum field follows an outmoded positivist method of science, thinking it is interest-free, and needs to follow other forms of rationality.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General,Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., "Social Crisis and Curriculum Accords," Educational Theory, 38(Spring, 1988), 191-201.*, Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Defines the political contexts within which curriculum compromises are made.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Ideology and School Knowledge, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., "Social Structure, Ideology, and Curriculum," pp. 131-159 in Martin Lawn and Len Barton, eds. Rethinking Curriculum Studies. New York: Halsted, 1981. Also in Interchange (2 & 3), 1981. Also Chapter 1 in his Education and Power, 1982., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Reviews the literature of curriculum and reproduction and the author's own related work; opens up the possibilities for political action in education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge

Apple, Michael W., "Some Aspects of the Relationship Between Economic and Cultural Reproduction," Journal of Curriculum Theorizing, 3(Winter, 1981), 130-142., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Discusses the literature on the topic from France, England, and the U. S. and reviews leading issues involved.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Comparative Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., "Standards, Markets, and Curriculum," pp. 55-74 in Barry M. Franklin, ed., Curriculum and Consequences: Herbert M. Kliebard and the Promise of Schooling. New York: Teachers College Press, 2000., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Analyzes the political movement (called conservative restoration by Apple) in which market forces and performance standards, national curriculum, and national testing are touted as reforms in the curriculum in England; also by inference in the U. S.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Comparative Curriculum, Local Control of Schooling

Apple, Michael W., Teachers and Texts: A Political Economy of Class and Gender Relations in Education . New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1986., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Contains eight critical essays on the work of teachers, textbook publishing, current reform proposals, and democracy in education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Textbooks, Conceptions of Teaching

Apple, Michael W., "Teaching and Technology: The Hidden Effects of Computers on Teachers and Students," pp. 289-311 in Landon E. Beyer and Michael W. Apple, eds., The Curriculum: Problems, Politics, and Possibilities, Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1988. Also pp. 314-336 in 2nd ed., 1998., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Discusses politics of technology, economic realities, and resulting inequalities.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Media and Computers in Curriculum Development

Apple, Michael W., "Teaching and 'Women's Work': A Comparative Historical and Ideological Analysis," Teachers College Record, 86(Spring, 1985), 455-473. Also appears pp. 29-49 in Edgar B. Gumbert, ed., Expressions of Power in Education. Atlanta: Center for Cross-Cultural Education, 1985., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Discusses the history of women teachers in the U. S. and England.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching,Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry,Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum History

Apple, Michael W., "The Adequacy of Systems Management Procedures in Education and Alternatives," Journal of Educational Research, 66(September, 1972), 10-18. Reprinted in Albert H. Lee, ed., Perspectives on Management Systems Approaches in Education: A Symposium . Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications, 1973. Another version pp. 105-122 in Michael W. Apple, Ideology and Curriculum. New York: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1979.*, Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Critiques the technical ideology in systems management procedures from political and ethical perspectives.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Ethical Issues in Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., "The Culture and Commerce of the Textbook," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 17(April-June, 1985), 147-162. Reprinted pp. 223-242 in William F. Pinar, ed., Contemporary Curriculum Discourses. Scottsdale,AZ: Gorsuch Scarisbrick, 1988., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Describes textbook publishing in the U. S.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Textbooks, Ideology and School Knowledge

Apple, Michael W., "The Hidden Curriculum and the Nature of Conflict," Interchange, 2(No. 4, 1971), 27-40. Reprinted pp. 95-119 in William Pinar, ed., Curriculum Theorizing: The Reconceptualists. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1975., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Discusses the hidden curriculum and the part conflict plays in it.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Critical Inquiry, Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., "The New Sociology of Education: Analyzing Cultural and Economic Reproduction," Harvard Educational Review, 48(November, 1978), 495-503., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Reviews two books in the sociology of education appearing in 1977 by Bernbaum and by Woods & Hammersley.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge

Apple, Michael W., "The Other Side of the Hidden Curriculum: Correspondence Theories and the Labor Process," Journal of Education (Boston University), 162(Winter, 1980), 47-66. A version appears in Interchange, 11(no. 3, 1980-81), 5-22., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Discusses the hidden curriculum and the norms of the workplace, including women's work, and how schools can take action.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics

Apple, Michael W., "The Personal and the Political in Critical Educational Studies," pp. 3-27 in Michael W. Apple, ed., Power, Meaning, and Identity. NEw York: Peter Lang, 1999.*, Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Recaps the author's own work and scholarship in critical educational studies.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum and Politics

Apple, Michael W., "The Political Economy of Text Publishing," Educational Theory, 34(Fall, 1984), 307-319. A version appears pp. 81-105 in his Teachers and Texts. New York: Routledge & Kagan Paul, 1986., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Describes the economics of textbook publishing and the resulting ideological hegemony.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Textbooks, Hidden Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., "The Politics of Official Knowledge: Does a National Curriculum Make Sense? Teachers College Record, 95(Winter, l993), 222-241; reprinted pp. 22-41 in Michael W. Apple, Cultural Politics and Education. New York: Teachers College Press, 1996.*, Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Argues against conservative perspective on a national curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Curriculum and Politics, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Curriculum Standards and Testing

Apple, Michael W., "The Politics of School Knowledge," The Review of Education, 5(Winter, 1979), 1-14., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Presents a review of Whitty & Young's Explorations in the Politics of School Knowledge.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Curriculum and Politics

Apple, Michael W., "The Politics of Teachers and Texts," pp. 3-28 in Michael W. Apple, Teachers and Texts. New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1986., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Explains the research approach informing the author's study of teachers and texts; focuses on class, race, gender.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Textbooks, Ideology and School Knowledge

Apple, Michael W., "The Process and Ideology of Valuing in Educational Settings," pp. 3-34 in Michael W. Apple, Michael J. Subkoviak, and Henry S. Lufler, Jr., eds., Educational Evaluation: Analysis and Responsibility . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1974. Reprinted pp. 468-494 in Arno A. Bellack and Herbert M. Kliebard, eds., Curriculum and Evaluation . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1977., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Analyzes issues in evaluation and urges institutional evaluation rather than evaluation of learning.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Social Efficiency/Control

Apple, Michael W., "The Production of Knowledge and the Production of Deviance in Schools," pp. 113-131 in Len Barton and Roland Meighan, eds., Schools, Pupils, and Deviance . Nafferton, England: Nafferton Books, 1979., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Explores the relation between student deviance and knowledge production in schools.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Knowledge Generation, Psychology and Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., "There is a River: James B. Macdonald and Curricular Tradition," The Journal of Curriculum Theorizing, 6(Fall, 1985), 9-18. Revised as Ch 3 in his Power, Meaning, and Identity. New York: Peter Lang, 1999., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Provides a tribute to Macdonald's contributions to the curriculum field.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry, Critical Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Apple, Michael W., "The Text and Cultural Politics," Educational Researcher, 21(October, 1992), 4-11.*, Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Analyzes the presence of official knowledge in textbooks, the political and cultural forces that effect textbook content, and how readers respond to such texts.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Textbooks, Ideology and School Knowledge

Apple, Michael W., "What Correspondence Theories of the Hidden Curriculum Miss," The Review of Education, 5(Spring, 1979), 101-112., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Reviews Paul Willis' Learning to Labor, 1977.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Hidden Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., "Work, Gender, and Teaching," Teachers College Record, 84(Spring, 1983), 611-628., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Discusses teachers as state functionaries, the intensification of teaching resulting from greater state control, and gendered resistance by teachers.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Authority of Teacher, Conceptions of Teaching

Apple, Michael W., "Work, Power, and Curriculum Reform: A Response to Theodore Lewis's 'Vocational Education as General Education'," Curriculum Inquiry, 28(Fall, 1998), 339-360., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Responds to and critiques the article by Lewis in the same issue of Curriculum Inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Vocational vs. Liberal Education, Liberal Education/General Education

Apple, Michael W., Wayne Au, and Luis Armando Gandin, "Mapping Critical Education" pp.3-19 in Michael W. Apple, Wayne Au, and Luis Armando Gandin, eds., The Routledge International Handbook of Critical Education. New York: Routledge, 2009., Michael W. Apple, Wayne Au, and Luis Armando Gandin

Annotation: Traces the purposes, history, and forms of critical education and pedagogy.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum and Politics, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Social Studies

Apple, Michael W., and Landon E. Beyer, "Social Evaluation of Curriculum," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 5(Winter, 1983), 425-434. Reprinted pp. 334-449 in Landon W. Beyer and Michael W. Apple, eds., The Curriculum: Problems, Politics, and Possibilities . Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1988; and revised as Ch. 4 in Michael W. Apple, ed., Power, Meaning, and Identity. New York: Peter Lang, 1999.*, Michael W. Apple and Landon E. Beyer

Annotation: Poses a way of evaluating curriculum that takes into account social, economic, and ideological purposes.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., and Kristen L Buras, eds., The Subaltern Speak: Curriculum, Power, and Educational Struggles. New York: Routledge, 2006., Michael W. Apple and Kristen L. Buras

Annotation: Offers perspectives on U. S. education from non-dominant and oppressed groups such as those oriented around the Core Knowledge Movement, home schooling, vouchers for African-Americans,indigenous and Chicano youth, the racially and sexually abused, those claiming academic freedom in the corporate academy,and those excluded by global cosmopolitanism, with additional examples from Taiwan and Brazil; includes analytic introductory and closing chapters.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., and Barry W. Franklin, "Curricular History and Social Control," pp. 176-201 in Carl A. Grant, ed., Community Participation in Education . Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 1979., Michael W. Apple and Barry W. Franklin

Annotation: Traces the effort to base curriculum on the concept of social contract.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry,Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Curriculum and Politics, Ideology and School Knowledge

Apple, Michael W. and Nancy King, "What Do Schools Teach?" Curriculum Inquiry, 6 (No. 4, 1977), 341-358. Reprinted pp. 108-126 in Alex Molnar and John A. Zahorik, eds., Curriculum Theory, Washington, DC: ASCD, 1977. Reprinted pp. 29-47 in Richard H. Weller, ed., Humanistic Education: Visions and Realities, Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1977. Reprinted pp. 442-470 in George Willis, ed., Qualitative Evaluation, Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1978.*, Michael W. Apple and Nancy King

Annotation: Explores the social meaning of school experience in a kindergarten class related to play, work, etc.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge, Early Childhood Curriculum

Apple, Michael W., and Anita Oliver, "Becoming Right: Education and the Formation of Conservative Movements," Teachers College Record, 97(Spring, 1996), 419-445; reprinted pp. 42-67 in Michael W. Apple, Cultural Politics and Education. New York: Teachers College Record, 1996., Michael W. Apple and Anita Oliver

Annotation: Traces the way the Right has developed it's stance toward certain educational policies and provides an illustration from a local school system.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Local Control of Schooling, Curriculum and Politics

Apple, Michael W., and Joel Taxel, "Power and Curriculum Content," pp. 122-133 in Carl A. Grant, ed., Preparing for Reflective Teaching . Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1984., Michael W. Apple and Joel Taxel

Annotation: Does an analysis of the relation between curriculum content and power groups.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Content Selection and Organization, Ideology and School Knowledge

Apple, Michael W., and Kenneth Teitelbaum, "Are Teachers Losing Control of their Skills and Curriculum?" Journal of Curriculum Studies, 18(April-June, 1986), 177-184., Michael W. Apple and Kenneth Teitelbaum

Annotation: Shows how teachers are losing control of their skills and the curriculum to outside authority.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Local Control of Schooling, Conceptions of Teaching, Authority of Teacher

Apple, Michael W., and Lois Weis, eds., Ideology and Practice in Schooling . Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1983., Michael W. Apple and Lois Weis

Annotation: Presents eleven articles reporting studies of ideology and pracitices in schooling.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge

Apple, Michael W., and Lois Weis, "Ideology and Practice in Schooling: A Political and Conceptual Introduction," pp. 3-33 in Michael W. Apple and Lois Weis, eds., Ideology and Practice in Schooling . Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1983., Michael W. Apple and Lois Weis

Annotation: Relates what schools do to aspects of the sociology of school knowledge; analyzes the dynamics of ideology; calls for research at the level of practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge

Apple, Michael W., and Lois Weis, "Seeing Education Relationally: The Stratification of Culture and People in the Sociology of School Knowledge," Journal of Education (Boston University), 168(No. 1, 1986), 2-34., Michael W. Apple and Lois Weis

Annotation: Gives an extended analysis of the topic.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge

Apple, Michael W., and Philip Wexler, "Cultural Capital and Educational Transmissions: An Essay on Basil Bernstein, Class, Codes and Control, Vol. III: Towards a Theory of Educational Transmissions," Educational Theory, 28(Winter, 1978), 34-44., Michael W. Apple and Philip Wexler

Annotation: Critiques and comments on the content of the Bernstein book.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Curriculum Development, Organization, Design,Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences,Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism,Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay,Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Content Selection and Organization, Comparative Curriculum

Archambault, Reginald D., "The Philosophical Bases of the Experience Curriculum," Harvard Educational Review, 26(1956), 273-275., Reginald D. Archambault

Annotation: Outlines the basic tenets of the experience curriculum movement, including its goals and objectives as they relate to Dewey's view of ends, the role of interests and needs in curriculum design, and various limitations of the experience curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form,Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum as Experience, Philosophical Schools

Archbald, Douglas A., and Andrew C. Porter, "Curriculum Control and Teacher's Perceptions of Autonomy and Satisfaction," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 16(Spring, 1994), 21-39., Douglas A. Archbald and Andrew C. Porter

Annotation: Reports teachers' perceptions of various curriculum control policy instruments and their impact.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Authority of Teacher, Local Control of Schooling

Argyris, Chris, Robert Putnam, and Diane Maclain Smith, Action Science: Concepts, Methods, and Skills for Research and Intervention . San Franciso: Jossey-Bass, 1985., Chris Argyris, Robert Putnam, and Diane Maclain Smith

Annotation: Presents a thorough treatment of scientific action research and intervention.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry, Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Ariav, Tamar, "Curriculum Analysis and Curriculum Evaluation: A Contrast," Studies in Educational Evaluation, 12(No. 2, 1986), 139-147., Tamar Ariav

Annotation: Idenitifies the similarities and differences between curriculum analysis and curriculum evaluation regarding purposes, method, addressees, the task, and the role--both analytically and historically.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Ariav, Tamar, "Curriculum Analysis," pp. 194-196 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., International Encyclopedia of Education. Supplement Volume One. New York: Pergamon, 1988., Tamar Ariav

Annotation: Describes curriculum analysis procedures and cites schemes available for use in this task.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Materials Development and Evaluation

Ariav, Tamar, "Growth in Teachers' Curriculum Knowledge through the Process of Curriculum Analysis," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision , 6 (Spring, 1991), 183-200., Tamar Ariav

Annotation: Reports the development and use of a curriculum materials analysis instrument (SALTAL), a copy of which is included.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Materials Development and Evaluation

Armbuster, Bonnie B., and Thomas H. Anderson, "Structures of Explanations in History Textbooks or So What if Governor Stanford Missed the Spike and Hit the Rail?" Journal of Curriculum Studies, 16(April-June, 1984), 181-194., Bonnie B. Armbuster and Thomas H. Anderson

Annotation: Examines explanations of historical events in textbooks in terms of four frame questions (goal, plan, action, outcome) in order to locate weaknesses that may hinder learning.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Materials Development and Evaluation, Social Studies, Textbooks

Armstrong, Jenny R., "Educational Process Model for Use in Research," Journal of Experimental Education, 39(Fall, 1970), 2-7., Jenny R. Armstrong

Annotation: Sets up a model of input components and combination interactions for use in doing research in curriculum and instruction.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Arnheim, Rudolf, "The Double-Edged Mind: Intuition and the Intellect," pp. 77-96 in Elliot W. Eisner, ed., Learning and Teaching the Ways of Knowing , 84th Yearbook of the NSSE, Part II. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985., Rudolf Arnheim

Annotation: Argues that the arts contribute to acquiring knowledge, not just science and mathematics, not just through intellectual analysis but also through intuitive perception.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Psychology and Curriculum, Art Education, Curriculum and the Disciplines, Humanities, Content Selection and Organization

Arnot, M., and Geoff Whitty, "School Texts, the Hidden Curriculum and the Curriculum-in-use: A British Review of Recent American Contributions to the Sociology of the Curriculum," Discourse, 3(No. 1, 1982), 1-21., M. Arnot and Geoff Whitty

Annotation: Comments on scholarship in the U. S. on these topics.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Textbooks, Hidden Curriculum, Comparative Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge

Aronowitz, Stanley, "Preface," pp. 1-4 in Henry A. Giroux, ed., Ideology, Culture and the Process of Schooling . Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1981., Stanley Aronowitz

Annotation: Traces the development of critical research in American education, including Giroux's contribution.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines,Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism,Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Knowledge Generation

Aronowitz, Stanley, and Henry A. Giroux, "Curriculum Theory and the Language of Possibility," pp. 139-162 in Stanley Aronowitz and Henry A. Giroux, Education Under Siege . South Hadley, MA: Bergin and Garvey, 1985.*, Stanley Aronowitz and Henry A. Giroux

Annotation: Advocates linking cultural politics and the language of critique and possibility to curriculum theory.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses, Curriculum and Politics

Aschner, Mary Jane McCue, "Meaning and Thinking," pp. 74-92 in James B. Macdonald and Robert R. Leeper, eds., Language and Meaning . Washington, DC: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1966., Mary Jane McCue Aschner

Annotation: Describes two types of meaning--attached and "taken-in" meaning; relates this to recent studies of classroom teaching.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Psychology and Curriculum, Teaching/Learning Process

Assor, Ari, and David Gordon, "The Implicit Learning Theory of Hidden-Curriculum Research," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 19(July-August, 1987), 329-339., Ari Assor and David Gordon

Annotation: Explains the effects of learning theory on our view of the hidden curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Psychology and Curriculum, Hidden Curriculum

Atkin, J. Myron, "Changing Our Thinking About Educational Change," pp. 47-60 in John H. Bunzel, ed., Challenge to American Schools: The Case for Standards and Values . New York: Oxford University Press, 1985., J. Myron Atkin

Annotation: Asserts that laws are not the way to get educational change.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Local Control of Schooling

Atkin, J. Myron, "The Government in the Classroom," Daedulus , 109(Summer, 1980), 85-97., J. Myron Atkin

Annotation: Traces the involvement of government in curriculum and teaching and observes some of the negative effects of this involvement.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Local Control of Schooling, Government Role in Educational Research & Development

Atkin, J. Myron, and Ernest R. House, "The Federal Role in Curriculum Development: 1950-1980," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 3(September-October, 1981), 5-36.*, J. Myron Atkin and Ernest R. House

Annotation: Traces the history of U. S. government support for curriculum development between 1950 and 1980.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Curriculum History

Atkin, Myron J., "Can Educational Research Keep Pace with Education Reform?" Phi Delta Kappan, 71(November, 1989), 200-205.*, Myron J. Atkin

Annotation: Contrasts applied social science research in education with practical, collaborative, action research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Research

Atkins, Elaine, "A Sensible, Faculty-designed Model for Curriculum Development," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision , 6 (Summer, 1991), 312-324., Elaine Atkins

Annotation: Describes the process of deliberation carried on by an English faculty in the Community College of Philadelphia.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry, Hermeneutic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Higher Education Curriculum, English

Atkins, Elaine, "Deliberations of College Faculty," pp. 101-155 in J. T. Dillon, ed., Deliberation in Education and Society. Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1994., Elaine Atkins

Annotation: Presents descriptions and transcripts of curriculum deliberations by four faculty members and analyzes their conceptions of curriculum as revealed in their deliberations.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Atkins, Elaine, "From Competing Paradigms to Final Consensus: A Case Study of the Deliberation of a Conflict-Prone Curriculum Group," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 5(Summer, 1990), 308-327., Elaine Atkins

Annotation: Interprets the deliberation process engaged in by a college faculty group in General Studies.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Hermeneutic Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Higher Education Curriculum, Liberal Education/General Education

Atkins, Elaine, "Reframing Curriculum Theory in Terms of Interpretation and Practice, A Hermeneutical Approach," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 20 (September-October, 1988), 437-448., Elaine Atkins

Annotation: Discusses the hermeneutical approach to curriculum theory.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Hermeneutic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Atkins, Elaine, "The Deliberative Process: An Analysis From Three Perspectives," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 1 (Summer, 1986), 265-293.*, Elaine Atkins

Annotation: Gives a case study of curriculum decision making by the English faculty in the Community College of Philadelphia; the analysis of the deliberation is done in terms of three different frameworks.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Higher Education Curriculum

Atkins, Elaine S., "The Relationship of Metatheoretical Principles in the Philosophy of Science to Metatheoretical Explorations in Curriculum," Journal of Curriculum Theorizing, 8(Winter, 1988), 69-85.*, Elaine S. Atkins

Annotation: Examines research paradigms based on realist, relativist, and hermeneutic traditions as they relate to their potential use in curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Hermeneutic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Knowledge Generation, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes

Atkinson, Paul, Sara Delamont, and Martyn Hammersley, "Qualitative Research Traditions: A British Response to Jacob," Review of Educational Research, 58 (Summer, 1988), 231-250., Paul Atkinson, Sara Delamont, and Martyn Hammersley

Annotation: Discusses qualitative research in Britain.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Comparative Curriculum, Qualitative Research

Audi, Robert, Practical Reasoning. London: Routledge, 1989., Robert Audi

Annotation: Describes practical reasoning as viewed by Aristotle, Hume, Kant, and the author (Audi).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum Deliberation

Autio, Tero, Subjectivity, Curriculum, and Society: Between and Beyond German Didaktik and Anglo-American Curriculum Studies. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2006., Tero Autio

Annotation: Traces the intellectual contributions to the instrumentalist values underlying the dominant curriculum discourse of the 20th century; notes that both the Didaktik and American curriculum traditions fall within this instrumentalist ideology; quotes dozens of thinkers including Descarte, Weber, Calvin, Locke, Kant, and Tyler.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Theorists, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Social Efficiency/Control, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Au, Wayne, "Fighting with the Text: Conceptualizing and Reconceptualizing Freire's Critical Pedagogy," pp. 221-231 in Michael W. Apple, Wayne Au, and Luis Armando Gandin, eds., The Routledge International Handbook of Critical Education. New York: Routledge, 2009., Wayne Au

Annotation: Provides a succinct but penetrating overview of Paulo Freire's ideas on critical pedagogy.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry, Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Practical Knowledge, Teaching/Learning Process

Au, Wayne, "High-Stakes Testing and Curricular Control: A Qualitative Metasynthesis," Educational Researcher, 36(June/July, 2007) 258-267., Wayne Au

Annotation: Reports a metsynthesis of 49 qualitative studies using template analysis to examine effects of high-stakes testing on subject matter content alignment/contraction, changes in form of knowledge (fractured/integrated), and pedagogic change (student/teacher-centered).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Qualitative Research, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Knowledge Generation

Au, Wayne, "Teaching Under the New Taylorism: High-Stakes Testing and the Standardization of 21st Century Curriculum, Journal of Curriculum Studies, 43(No.1, 2011), 25-45., Wayne Au

Annotation: Reviews history of Taylorism in curriculum theory and its current manifestation; describes the effects of contemporary high-stakes testing (recontextualization and commoditization) as attempts of policy-publics to control curriculum and teaching from a distance for political purposes.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Curriculum History, Social Efficiency/Control, Curriculum and Politics, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Local Control of Schooling

Au, Wayne, "The Long March Toward Revitalization: Developing Standpoint in Curriculum Studies," Teachers College Record, 114(No. 5, 2012), 1-30., Wayne Au

Annotation: Describes standpoint theory as applied to curriculum and curriculum inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses, Knowledge Generation

Au, Wayne, Unequal by Design: HIgh-Stakes Testing and the Standardization of Inequality. New York: Routledge, 2009., Wayne Au

Annotation: Demonstrates the ways high-stakes testing creates, by design, currricular inequality (through content, form, pedagogic, bureaucratic, and discursive control); discusses the NCLB policy on testing; draws on critical social theory and Bernstein for analytic tools.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing

Au, Wayne, Anthony L. Brown, and Delores Calderon, Reclaiming Multicultural Roots of U. S. Curriculum: Communities of Color and Official Knowledge in Education. New York: Teachers College Press, 2016., Wayne Au, Anthony L. Brown, and Delores Calderon

Annotation: Gives evidence of the omission during the early 20th century of attention by both schools and the curriculum scholars community to the realities of Native American, Asian American, Mexican American, and African American histories.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum and Politics, Ideology and School Knowledge, Materials Development and Evaluation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Au, Wayne, and Joseph J. Ferrare, eds., Mapping Corporate Education Reform: Power and Policy Networks in the Neoliberal State. New York: Routledge, 2015., Wayne Au and Joseph J. Ferrare

Annotation: Presents several studies using policy network analysis to demonstrate the webs of involvement of corporate and other non-governmental organizations in governing educational reform under neoliberal assumptions; examples include Teach For America, Pearson, and others from US, China, and Chile.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Hidden Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge, Religious & Private Schooling, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Awbrey, Maureen Jessen, "A Teacher's Action Research Study of Writing in the Kindergarten: Accepting the Natural Expression of Children," Peabody Journal of Education, 64(Winter, 1987), 33-64., Maureen Jessen Awbrey

Annotation: Gives an example of action research on the topic.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Research, Teaching/Learning Process, Early Childhood Curriculum

Ayalon, Hanna, "Math as a Gatekeeper: Ethnic and Gender Inequality in Course Taking of the Sciences in Isreal," American Journal of Education, 104(November, 1995), 34-56., Hanna Ayalon

Annotation: Reports an empirical study of the effects of ethnic and gender differences on course taking in science and the resulting inequalities.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Differentiation, Comparative Curriculum, Science

Ayalon, Hanna, "Nonhierarchical Curriculum Differentiation and Inequality in Achievement: A Different Story or More of the Same?" Teachers College Record, 108(June, 2006), 1186-1213., Hanna Ayalon

Annotation: Reports a study in Israel of student achievement inequality (by gender, soico-economic level, ability) when comparing students in subject differentiated curricula; concludes this type of diffentiation does not reduce educational inequalities; suggests policy implications.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Differentiation, Comparative Curriculum, Student Assessment, Enrollment Changes-Implications

Ayers, William, "Liberating the Curriculum," pp. 85-108 in William Ayers, To Teach: The Journey of a Teacher, 2nd ed. New York: Teachers College Press, 2001., William Ayers

Annotation: Argues for a dynamic view of curriculum that is responsive to six questions posed by the author and which liberates it from focusing solely on knowledge, skills, test scores,and classroom management; examples are given.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Freedom/Authority and Curriculum

Ayers, William, "The Shifting Ground of Curriculum Thought and Everyday Practice," Theory into Practice, 31(Summer, 1992), 259-263., William Ayers

Annotation: Describes changes in Chicago city schools that empowers participants in policy and practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Knowledge, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum Deliberation

Ayers,William, Therese Quinn, David O. Stovall, and Libby Scheiern, "Teachers' Experience of Curriculum, Policy, Pedagogy, and Situation," pp. 306-326 in F. Michael Connelly, Ming Fang He, and JoAnn Phillion, eds., The SAGE Handbook of Curriculum and Instruction. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2008., William Ayers, Therese Quinn, David O. Stovall, and Libby Scheiern

Annotation: Cites research on the topic classified by various research approaches; major categories include policy and curriculum, curriculum and pedagogy, and situations of resistance and justice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Knowledge, Practical Knowledge, Curriculum and Politics, Teaching/Learning Process, Values in the Classroom

Baez, Benjamin, and Deron Boyles, The Politics of Inquiry: Educational Research and the 'Culture of Science'. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2009., Benjamin Baez and Deron Boyles

Annotation: Analyzes and critiques several aspects of recent U. S. laws which favor certain definitions of scientific educational research; provides in-depth philosophical analysis and arguments on this and other topics such as Dewey's ideas on educational research, doctoral training in educational research, governing through science, and the grants culture in educational research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes, Knowledge Generation, Government Role in Educational Research & Development

Bagley, William Chandler. Education and Emergent Man . London: Thomas Nelson, 1934., William Chandler Bagley

Annotation: Poses a normative vision to which education can lead.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Visions and Philosophies, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Classics of Curriculum Literature

Bai, Heesoon, and Avraham Cohen, "Breathing Qi (Ch'i), Following Dao(Tao): Transforming This Violence-Ridden World," pp. 35-54 in Claudia Eppert and Hongyu Wang, eds., Cross-Cultural Studies in Curriculum: Eastern Thought, Educational Insights. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2008., Heesoon Bai and Avraham Cohen

Annotation: Explains these concepts from Chinese philosophy and argues for curriculum based on these concepts as an antidote to Western dualism; stresses empmowerment through criticism, creativity, and ethics.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum as Experience, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Bain, Helen P., and J. Ronald Groseclose, "The Dissemination Dilemma and a Plan for Uniting Disseminators and Practitioners," Phi Delta Kappan, 61(October, 1979), 101-103., Helen P. Bain and J. Ronald Groseclose

Annotation: Offers a three-point plan for bringing research producers and users together involving three networks.

Broad Topical Focus: Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Linkage

Baker, Bernadette, ed., New Curriculum History. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers,2009., Bernadette Baker

Annotation: Contains a set of studies using or about using various forms of historical inquiry in curriculum by scholars from several different countries.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Knowledge Generation

Baker, Eva, "Curriculum Packages," pp. 1235-1238 in T. Husen, and T. N. Postlethwaite, eds., International Encyclopedia of Education. New York: Pergamon Press, 1984., Eva Baker

Annotation: Describes characteristics and trends in using curriculum packages.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Materials Development and Evaluation

Baker, Eva L., "Curriculum Development Projects," pp. 579-585 in Lee C. Deighton, ed., The Encyclopedia of Education, Volume 2 . New York: Macmillan and Free Press, 1971., Eva L. Baker

Annotation: Summarizes procedures used in curriculum development projects using a six-stage model (formulation, specification, development, field testing, revision cycles, and implementation).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Content Selection and Organization

Baker, Eva L., "Researchers and Assessment Policy Development: A Cautionary Tale," American Journal of Education, 102(August, 1994), 450-477., Eva L. Baker

Annotation: Reports the meetings of organizations involved since 1991 in national policy debates over curriculum standards assessments and the different perspectives of assessment experts and politicians.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Content Selection and Organization

Baker, Eva L., "Techology and Effective Assessment Systems," pp. 358-378 in Joan L. Herman and Edward L. Haertel, eds., Uses and Misuses of Data for Educational Accountability and Improvement. 104th NSSE Yearbook, Part II. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2005., Eva L. Baker

Annotation: Defines a generic design (structure, functions, evaluation) for an assessment system and indicates what new technologies can assist with each element.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Student Assessment, Evaluation of Instruction, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Media and Computers in Curriculum Development, Program Audit/Evaluation

Baker, Eva L., and Robert L. Linn, "Validity Issues for Accountability Systems," pp. 47-72 in Susan H. Fuhrman and Richard F. Elmore, eds., Redesigning Accountability Systems for Education. New York: Teachers College Press, 2004., Eva L. Baker and Robert L. Linn

Annotation: Formulates a theory of action within which testing and accountability policies lie; sets standards for accountability systems, testing, stakes, public reporting, and evaluation; followed by an article outlining three accountability models by Linn.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Student Assessment, Evaluation of Instruction

Baker, Robert, "Curriculum Evaluation," Review of Educational Research, 39(June, 1969), 339-358., Robert Baker

Annotation: Reviews the conceptual and methodological issues in curriculum evaluation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry, Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Baker, Robert L., and Richard E. Schutz, "An Overview of Instructional Product Development," pp. xv-xxiii in Robert L. Baker and Richard C. Schutz, eds., Instructional Product Development . New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1971., Robert L. Baker and Richard E. Schutz

Annotation: Gives an introduction to the volume and to elements in development of instructional products.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Materials Development and Evaluation

Baker, Robert L., and Richard E. Schutz, eds., Instructional Product Research . New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1972., Robert L. Baker and Richard E. Schutz

Annotation: Provides treatments of several aspects of instructional product research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Materials Development and Evaluation

Baldacchino, John. Education Beyond Education: Self and the Imaginary in Maxine Greene's Philosophy. New York: Peter Lang, 2009., John. Baldacchino

Annotation: Gives an analysis and elucidation of Greene's writings organized around broad themes in her work; demonstrates the coherence of her philosophy.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum as Experience, Aesthetics Education, Philosophical Schools

Baldridge, J. Victor, et al, "The Relationship of R & D Efforts to Field Users: Problems, Myths, and Stereotypes," Phi Delta Kappan, 55(June, 1974), 701-706., J. Victor Baldridge

Annotation: Summarizes what is known about relating research and uses of research.

Broad Topical Focus: Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Utilization

Ball, Deborah Loewenberg, and David K. Cohen, "Reform by the Book: What Is - or Might Be - the Role of Curriculum Materials in Teacher Learning and Instructional Reform?" Educational Researcher, 25 (December, 1996), 6-8; 14. *, Deborah Loewenberg Ball and David K. Cohen

Annotation: Summarizes what is known from research on curriculum materials and identifies how curriculum materials could be designed so they serve better both students and teachers.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Materials Development and Evaluation, Textbooks, Teaching/Learning Process

Ball, Deborah Loewenberg, and Fancesca M. Foryani, "What Makes Education Research 'Educational'?" Educational Researcher, 36(December, 2007), 529-540., Deborah Loewenberg Ball and Fancesca M. Foryani

Annotation: Posits a formulation of multiple interactions named "the instructional dynamic" and argues that research in colleges of education should relate in some manner to these kinds of interactions at the heart of educational practice and policy; gives examples.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge

Baller, E., "Curriculum History: Hungary," pp. 216-218 in Torsten Husen and Thomas N. Postlethwaite, eds., International Encyclopedia of Education. Supplement Volume One. New York: Pergaman, 1988., E. Baller

Annotation: Traces very briefly the history of curricula in Hungary from 1000 A.D. to recent times.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum History

Baller, E., "Curriculum History: Socialist Countries," pp. 1198-1199 in T. Husen and T. N. Postlethwaite, eds., International Encyclopedia of Education, New York: Pergamon Press, 1984., E. Baller

Annotation: Gives the history of curriculum in Soviet Russia.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making,Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Curriculum History