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Citations from 1973

Taylor, Philip H., and Jack Walton, eds., The Curriculum: Research, Innovation and Change . London: Ward Lock Educational, 1973., Philip H. Taylor and Jack Walton

Annotation: Presents a set of twelve 1973 British conference papers on curriculum development, curriculum courses, curriculum research, school curriculum, and curriculum change.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum

Waks, Leonard J., "Nonbehavioral Goals: Investigating the Validity of the Two-Defect Argument," Curriculum Theory Network, 4(No.1, 1973/74), 37-42., Leonard J. Waks

Annotation: Points out the problems with behavioral goals in educational research and why scientific researchers have problems with nonnbehavioral goals.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design,Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism,Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Macdonald, James B., and Dwight Clark, "Critical Value Questions and the Analysis of Objectives and Curricula," pp. 405-412 in R. M. W. Travers, ed., Second Handbook of Research on Teaching . Chicago: Rand McNally & Co., 1973.*, James B. Macdonald and Dwight Clark

Annotation: Discusses the value-laden issues behind the formulation of curriculum objectives and behind choices in instructional materials and media; laments the lack of research on these matters.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General,Curriculum Evaluation,Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials,Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism,Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Hood, Paul D., "Dissemination, Distribution, and Utilization of Laboratory Products," pp. 187-206 in John K. Hemphill and Fred S. Rosenau, eds., Educational Development: A New Discipline for Self-Renewal. Eugene, Oregon: Center for the Advanced Study of Educational Administration, 1973., Paul D. Hood

Annotation: Describes the steps used in an educational research and development laboratory for the development and use of its products.

Broad Topical Focus: Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry, Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Utilization, Materials Development and Evaluation

Eggleston, John F., "Curriculum Research: A Case Study and Some Relections on Methodology," pp. 99-113 in Philip H. Taylor and Jack Walton, eds., The Curriculum: Research Innovation and Change. London: Ward Lock Educational, 1973., John F. Eggleston

Annotation: Reviews some methodological issues in doing curriculum evaluation case studies.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Hill, Brian V., "Epistemologies and Curriculum Models," Journal of Educational Thought, 7(December, 1973), 151-164., Brian V. Hill

Annotation: Shows what curriculum proposals would follow from five distinctive epistemologies.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form,Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Philosophical Schools

Dalin, Per, Case Studies of Educational Innovation: IV. Strategies for Innovation in Education. Paris: CERI, OECD, 1973., Per Dalin

Annotation: Gives a number of case studies of strategies used in educational innovation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Comparative Curriculum

MacDonald, Gerald, "The Politics of Closed Curricula," British Journal of Educational Technology, 4(January, 1973), 24-40., Gerald MacDonald

Annotation: Argues that curricula can be conceived as ideology, as a description of reality, as a closed system of knowledge, and discusses the politics of closed curricula.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making,Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and the Disciplines, Curriculum and Politics

Brown, George, ed., Knowledge, Education and Cultural Change: Papers in the Sociology of Education . London: Tavistock, 1973., George Brown

Annotation: Contains 12 papers by leading scholars at a 1970 Sociology of Education conference.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Comparative Curriculum

Phenix, Philip H., "Transcendence and the Curriculum," Teachers College Record, 73(December, 1973), 271-283. Reprinted pp. 321-340 in William F. Pinar, ed., Curriculum Theorizing . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1975., Philip H. Phenix

Annotation: Analyzes transcendence and describes its significance for educational theory and for curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design,Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form,Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry,Phenomenological Inquiry,Religious Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum as Experience

Bernstein, Basil, "On the Classification and Framing of Educational Knowledge," pp. 363-392 in Richard Brown, ed., Knowledge, Education, and Cultural Change --Papers on the Sociology of Education . London: Tavistock, 1973., Basil Bernstein

Annotation: Defines two types of curriculum codes (collection, integrated) and related concepts of classification and frame.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Ideology and School Knowledge

Connelly, F. Michael, and Barbara Dienes, "The Teacher as Choice Maker in Curriculum Development: A Case Study," Paper presented at Session 17.19 of the Annual Meeting, American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, 1973., F. Michael Connelly and Barbara Dienes

Annotation: Describes teachers' decision-making in curriculum development.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Case Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Teacher Planning

O'Hanlon, James, "Three Models for the Curriculum Development Process," Curriculum Theory Network, 4(No. 1, 1973-74), 64-71., James O'Hanlon

Annotation: Identifies three models of curriculum development (management, systems, and open-access) and discusses their relationships.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Molnar, Alex, "Modes of Values Thinking in Curriculum," March 1973, ERIC Document No. ED 077 131., Alex Molnar

Annotation: Gives breakdown of philosophical approaches to values in the curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Philosophical Schools

Duchastel, Philippe C., and Paul F. Merrill, "The Effects of Behavioral Objectives on Learning: A Review of Empirical Studies," Review of Educational Research, 43 (Winter, 1973), 53-68., Philippe C. Duchastel and Paul F. Merrill

Annotation: Summarizes empirical studies on several aspects of the use of behavioral objectives.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Teaching/Learning Process

Scheffler, Israel, "Philosophy and the Curriculum," pp. 31-41 in his Reason and Teaching . Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill, 1973., Israel Scheffler

Annotation: Describes the analytic form of thought and related issues as they apply to various subjects in the curriculum; discusses philosophical inquiry processes as applied to education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines,Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism,Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, School Subjects, Knowledge Generation

Alkin, Marvin C. "Theoretical Framework for the Analysis of Curriculum and Instructional Reform." International Review of Education, 19(June 1973), 195-206., Marvin C. Alkin

Annotation: Posits a model of elements for curriculum and instruction reform.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation,Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Criticism of Schooling

Hemphill, John K., "Educational Development," pp. 3-15 in John K. Hemphill and Fred S. Rosenau, eds., Educational Development: A New Discipline for Self - Renewal. Eugene, OR: Center for the Advanced Study of Educational Administration, 1973., John K. Hemphill

Annotation: Describes types and elements of eductional development in a research and development conceptualization; describes a change support approach and a product development approach.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum Development Strategies

Beittel, Kenneth R., Alternatives for Art Education Research: Inquiry into the Making of Art . Dubuque, IA: Wm. C. Brown Co, 1973., Kenneth R. Beittel

Annotation: Presents presentational, historical, and interpretive modes for the. making of art and closes with an evaluation and critque of presentational, phenomenological, and contextualist alternatives for inquiry into the making of art.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Aesthetic Inquiry and Curriculum Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Art Education

Walker, Decker F., "What Curriculum Research?" Journal of Curriculum Studies, 5(May, 1973), 58-72. Reprinted pp. 510-525 in James R. Gress and David E. Purpel, eds., Curriculum: An Introduction to the Field. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1978.*, Decker F. Walker

Annotation: Identifies alternative research assumptions to the traditional empirical research assumptions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes

Scheffler, Israel, "The Practical as a Focus for Curriculum: Reflections on Schwab's View," pp. 181-197 in his Reason and Teaching . Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1973., Israel Scheffler

Annotation: Discusses Schwab's treatment of the practical in curriculum and identifies several shortcomings in this view.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Curriculum Theorists,Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Chin, Robert, and Loren Downey, "Changing Change: Innovating a Discipline," pp. 513-529 in Robert M. W. Traners, ed., Second Handbook of Research on Teaching . Chicago: Rand McNally, 1973.*, Robert Chin and Loren Downey

Annotation: Summarizes conceptual models of change and approaches to defining change.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Utilization, Curriculum Implementation, Knowledge Generation, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Vallance, Elizabeth, "Hiding the Hidden Curriculum: An Interpretation of the Language of Justification in Nineteenth Century Educational Reform," Curriculum Theory Network, 4(No. 1, 1973/74), 5-21. Reprinted pp. 590-607 in Arno A. Bellack and Herbert M. Kliebard, eds., Curriculum and Evaluation . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1977.*, Elizabeth Vallance

Annotation: Traces the historical evidence for the hidden curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum

Posner, George J., "The Use of Construct Validation Procedures in Curriculum Research," Curriculum Theory Network, 11(Spring, 1973), 34-46., George J. Posner

Annotation: Reports on a dissertation study of research procedures for use in evaluating constructs relevant to people, processes, and products in curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Reid, William A., "What is Curriculum Research?," pp. 90-98 in Philip H. Taylor and Jack Walton, eds., The Curriculum: Research Innovation and Change . London: Ward Lock Educational, 1973.*, William A. Reid

Annotation: Sets forth categories of curriculum research that deserve inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure,Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General,Defining Curriculum Research Questions,Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

White, John P., Towards a Compulsory Curriculum . Boston, MA: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1973., John P. White

Annotation: Discusses issues surrounding a policy of having a compulsory core curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry,Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Core Mandates, Comparative Curriculum

Hood, Paul D., "Evaluation Stages for Major Laboratory Products," pp. 101-107 in John K. Hemphill and Fred S. Rosenau, eds., Educational Development: A New Discipline for Self Renewal. Eugene, OR: Center for Advanced Study of Educational Administration, 1973., Paul D. Hood

Annotation: Specifies the stages of evaluation in developing products at educational laboratories.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: All Fields
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Materials Development and Evaluation

Rosenau, Fred S., C. L. Hutchins, and John K. Hemphill, "Utilization of the Output of Educational Research and Development," pp. 221-234 in John K. Hemphill and Fred S. Rosenau, eds., Educational Development: A New Discipline for Self-Renewal. Eugene, OR: Center for the Advanced Study of Educational Administration, 1973., Fred S. Rosenau, C. L. Hutchins, and John K. Hemphill

Annotation: Describes what is involved in achieving utilization of an R & D product: informing, demonstrating, re-educating, and nurturing.

Broad Topical Focus: Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Implementation, Knowledge Utilization

Hirst, Paul, H., "Toward a Logic of Curriculum Development," pp. 9-26 in Philip H. Taylor and Jack Walton, eds., The Curriculum: Research Innovation and Change . London: Ward Lock Educational, 1973.*, Paul H. Hirst

Annotation: Critiques end-means views of curriculum development and analyzes their various uses.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Short, Edmund C., "Knowledge Production and Utilization in Curriculum: A Special Case of the General Phenomenon," Review of Educational Research, 43(Summer, 1973), 237-301. Condensed in Mental Health Digest, 6(November, 1973), 7-15.*, Edmund C. Short

Annotation: Describes status of multiple methods of curriculum inquiry and the use of resultant research in a framework of knowledge production and utilization.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Knowledge Utilization, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes

Macdonald, James B., Bernice J. Wolfson, and Esther Zaret, Reschooling Society: A Conceptual Model. Washington, DC: ASCD, 1973.*, James B. Macdonald, Bernice J. Wolfson, and Esther Zaret

Annotation: Contrasts the Tyler model and the humanistic-existential model on a number of dimensions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Definitions, Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Alkin, Marvin C., "Evaluating 'Curriculum' and 'Instruction,'" Curriculum Theory Network, 4(No. 1, 1973/74), 43-51., Marvin C. Alkin

Annotation: Proposes a theoretical framework that distinguishes evaluation of curriculum and instruction into a six-type/three-stage matrix.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation,Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Evaluation of Instruction

Gephart, William J., "Toward a Taxonomy of Empirically-Based Problem-Solving Strategies." School Research Information Service Quarterly (Phi Delta Kappa), 6(Spring, 1973), 3-7. *, William J. Gephart

Annotation: Describes a multi-level model of research, development, and evaluation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry, Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Flower, Elizabeth, "Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Curriculum," pp. 284-291 in Brian Crittenden, ed., Philosophy of Education 1973 : Proceedings of the Twenty-Ninth Annual Meeting of the Philosophy of Education Society. Edwardsville, IL: S. Illinois University at Edwardsville, Studies in Philosophy and Education, 1973., Elizabeth Flower

Annotation: Examines ontological and cosmological beliefs behind curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making,Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Schwab, Joseph J., "The Practical: Translation Into Curriculum," School Review, 81(August, 1973), 501-522. Reprinted pp. 365-383 in Ian Westbury and Neil J. Wilkof, eds., Science, Curriculum, and Liberal Education: Selected Essays by Joseph J. Schwab. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.*, Joseph J. Schwab

Annotation: Shows how to translate scholarly subject matter into usable curriculum within five commonplaces; presents three functions of curriculum specialists.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Specialists in Schools, Curriculum Deliberation, Curriculum Potential, Materials Development and Evaluation

Shaw, Beverly, "The Sociology of Knowledge and the Curriculum," British Journal of Educational Studies, 21(October, 1973), 277-289., Beverly Shaw

Annotation: Provides reviews of Young's Knowledge and Curriculum and Bergin & Luckmann's The Social Construction of Reality.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Citations from 1972

Shipman, M. D., "Contrasting Views of a Curriculum Project," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 4(September, 1972), 145-153., M. D. Shipman

Annotation: Presents a study of various views of the British Schools Council Integrated Studies Project held by the project team, by teachers, and by local authority administrators.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry, Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Kliebard, Herbert M., "Metaphorical Roots of Curriculum Design," Teachers College Record, 73(February, 1972), 403-404. Reprinted pp. 84-85 in William Pinar, ed., Curriculum Theorizing: The Reconceptualists. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1975., Herbert M. Kliebard

Annotation: Identifies three metaphorical roots of curriculum design: production, growth, and travel.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Wirt, Frederick M., and Michael W. Kirst, "Curricular Decisions in the Political System," pp. 202-225 in Fredrick M.Wirt and Michael W. Kirst, The Political Web of American Schools . Boston: Little Brown and Co, 1972. Revised edition, 1975, under the title Political and Social Foundations of Education. Berkley, CA: McCutchan., Frederick M. Wirt and Michael W. Kirst

Annotation: Revises and extends their 1971 RER article, "An Analysis of Curriculum Policy-Making." (Kirst, first author)

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics

Krathwohl, David R., "What is Educational Research?" Educational Leadership, 29(April, 1972), 579-581., David R. Krathwohl

Annotation: Describes the differences in orientation between practitioners and researchers; illustrates a variety of forms of research.

Broad Topical Focus: Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Knowledge Utilization, Comparisons Among Inquiry Modes

Sichel, Betty, "Forms of Knowledge or the Unity of Knowledge," pp. 45-55 in Mary Anne Raywid, ed., Philosophy of Education 1972, Proceedings of the 28th Annual Meeting of the Philosophy of Education Society. Edwardsville, IL: Studies in Philosophy and Education, Southern Illinois University, 1972., Betty Sichel

Annotation: Discusses the difference between the separate disciplines curriculum and one based on awe, wonderment, and unity.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and the Disciplines, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Content Selection and Organization

Englehart, Max D., "Studying Problems of What Should Be: Curriculum Research," pp. 418-484 in his Methods of Educational Research . Chicago: Rand McNally, 1972., Max D. Englehart

Annotation: Discusses options and approaches to deciding what to study in currriculum inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Defining Curriculum Research Questions, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Sieber, Sam D., "Images of the Practictioner and Strategies of Educational Change," Sociology of Education, 45(Fall, 1972), 362-385., Sam D. Sieber

Annotation: Surveys the ways practitioners relate to various strategies for educational change.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Implementation, Curriculum Development Strategies

Schofield, Harry, "The Concept 'Curriculum'," pp. 123-148 in his The Philosophy of Education: An Introduction . London: Barnes and Noble, 1972., Harry Schofield

Annotation: Presents criteria for curriculum content and describes the influence of method and culture on curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Definitions,Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization

Apple, Michael W., "The Adequacy of Systems Management Procedures in Education and Alternatives," Journal of Educational Research, 66(September, 1972), 10-18. Reprinted in Albert H. Lee, ed., Perspectives on Management Systems Approaches in Education: A Symposium . Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications, 1973. Another version pp. 105-122 in Michael W. Apple, Ideology and Curriculum. New York: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1979.*, Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Critiques the technical ideology in systems management procedures from political and ethical perspectives.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Ethical Issues in Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Nadler, Gerald, and William J. Gephart, "The Process of Development," Occasional Paper 15 . Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa Research Service Center, 1972., Gerald Nadler and William J. Gephart

Annotation: Reports an interview with Nadler on the nature and components of the development process and on criteria for assessing it.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Gephart, William J., "The Place of Research in Education," Educational Leadership, 29(April, 1972), 582-586., William J. Gephart

Annotation: Discusses research as only one piece of a system of development, evaluation, dissemination, projection, and practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry, Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Chipley, Donald R., "Rule-Making and Educational Inquiry," Educational Theory, 22 (Spring, 1972), 181-191., Donald R. Chipley

Annotation: Discusses the relation of rule making in curriculum and possible inquiries.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure,Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines,Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Lundgren, Ulf P., "Educational Process Analysis- A Contribution of Methods for Curriculum Theory and Curriculum Planning," Classroom Interaction Newsletter, 7(May, 1972), 58-69., Ulf P. Lundgren

Annotation: Describes methods of analyzing educational processes related to curriculum and curriculum planning.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Evaluative Inquiry, Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Planning

Schutz, Richard E., "The Conduct of Development In Education." Occassional Paper 14. Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa Research Service Center, 1972., Richard E. Schutz

Annotation: Shows the steps in the development process in education and distinguishes this process from the research process.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Weiss, Carol H., "The Politicization of Evaluation Research," pp. 327-338 in Carol h. Weiss, ed., Evaluation Action Programs: Readings in Social Action and Education . Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1972., Carol H. Weiss

Annotation: Identifies trends in evaluation research resulting from political pressures on evaluators.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum and Politics

Sockett, Hugh, "Curriculum Planning: Taking a Means to an End," Proceedings of the Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain, 6(January, 1972). Reprinted pp. 150-160 in R. S. Peters, ed., The Philosophy of Education . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973.*, Hugh Sockett

Annotation: An analysis of five distinctions about the relationship between curricular ends and means.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Antonelli, George A., "Ralph W. Tyler and the Curriculum Arena," Journal of General Education, 24(July, 1972), 123-131., George A. Antonelli

Annotation: Gives a review of Tyler's contributions to curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists,Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Strauss, Sidney, "Learning Theories of Gagne and Piaget: Implications for Curriculum Development," Teachers College Record, 74(September, 1972), 81-102., Sidney Strauss

Annotation: Compares these two theories and the curriculum structures resulting from each.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Psychology and Curriculum

Bloom, Benjamin S., "Innocence in Education," School Review, 80(May, 1972), 333-352., Benjamin S. Bloom

Annotation: Identifies seven areas of research for which causal chains need to be made clear.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

DiVesta, Francis J., "An Evolving Theory of Instruction," Educational Technology, 12(August, 1972), 34-39.*, Francis J. DiVesta

Annotation: Describes dynamic systems model of instruction and learning.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Conceptions of Teaching, Teaching/Learning Process

Torbert, William R., Learning from Experience: Toward Consciousness . New York: Columbia University Press, 1972., William R. Torbert

Annotation: Gives an experiential theory of instruction based on experience.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum as Experience, Knowledge Generation

Spradley, James, and David McCurdy, The Cultural Experience: Ethnography in Complex Society . Chicago: Science Research Associates, 1972., James Spradley and David McCurdy

Annotation: Treats the major dimensions of studying cultural experience and includes twelve reports by students.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Tyler, Louise L., "Curriculum Development From a Psychoanalytic Perspective," Educational Forum, 36(January, 1972), 173-178., Louise L. Tyler

Annotation: Explores the contributions psychoanalytic theory and practice might make to curriculum development.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Psychology and Curriculum

Mahan, James M., "Frank Observations on Innovations in Elementary Schools," Interchange, 3(Nos. 2-3, 1972), 144-160., James M. Mahan

Annotation: Gives a 36-item six-stage set of guidelines for examining the installation of curricula; makes recommendations concerning the process of curriculum change.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Implementation

Glass, Gene V., and Blaine R. Worthen, "Educational Evaluation and Research: Similarities and Differences," Curriculum Theory Network, 8 + 9(1972), 149-165.*, Gene V. Glass and Blaine R. Worthen

Annotation: Contrasts research and evaluation as modes of inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Fullan, Michael, "Overview of the Innovative Process and the User," Interchange, 3(Nos. 2-3, 1972), 1-46., Michael Fullan

Annotation: Gives a treatment of the user in the innovation process.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Knowledge Utilization

Cheverst, W. J., "The Role of the Metaphor in Educational Thought: An Essay in Content Analysis," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 4(May, 1972), 71-82., W. J. Cheverst

Annotation: Reports a content analysis of British documents on primary education regarding an array of educational metaphors.

Broad Topical Focus: Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Content Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Elementary School Curriculum, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Baker, Robert L., and Richard E. Schutz, eds., Instructional Product Research . New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1972., Robert L. Baker and Richard E. Schutz

Annotation: Provides treatments of several aspects of instructional product research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Materials Development and Evaluation

Glass, Gene V., "The Wisdom of Scientific Inquiry on Education," Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 9(No. 1, 1972), 3-18., Gene V. Glass

Annotation: Discusses the value of evaluation studies in providing helpful bases for improving educational programs.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Change, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry, Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Connelly, F. Michael, "The Functions of Curriculum Development," Interchange, 3(No. 2/3, 1972), 161-177.*, F. Michael Connelly

Annotation: Presents the functional components of curriculum development and describes the teacher as choice-maker in curriculum development.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Teacher Planning

Eisner, Elliot W., "Emerging Models for Educational Evaluation," School Review, 80(August, 1972), 573-590., Elliot W. Eisner

Annotation: Identifies some non-technical models of evaluation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Fox, Robert S., "Innovation in Curriculum: An Overview," Interchange, 3(No. 2/3, 1972), 131-143., Robert S. Fox

Annotation: Presents a full analysis of innovation processes and problems in curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Curriculum Implementation

Joyce, Bruce, and Marsha Weil, "Models and Curriculum Development," pp. 319-347 in Bruce Joyce and Marsha Weil, Models of Teaching . Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1972., Bruce Joyce and Marsha Weil

Annotation: Describes the relationship between models of teaching described in the book and curriculum development strategies.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Conceptions of Teaching

Kliebard, Herbert, "Exemplars of Curriculum Theory," pp. 84-101 in Celia S. Lavatelli, Walter J. Moore, and Theodore Kaltsounis, Elementary School Curriculum. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1972.*, Herbert Kliebard

Annotation: Gives five theories contributing to past and current development of curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Social Efficiency/Control, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Hyman, Ronald T., "Means-Ends Reasoning and the Curriculum," Teachers College Record, 73(February, 1972), 393-401., Ronald T. Hyman

Annotation: Critiques the Tyler rationale and discusses the need for alternatives.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes,Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Antonelli, George A., "Ralph W. Tyler: The Man and His Work," Peabody Journal of Education, 50(October, 1972), 68-74., George A. Antonelli

Annotation: Gives a summary of Tyler's contributions to education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists,Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Westbury, Ian, "The Aristotelian 'Art' of Rhetoric and the 'Art' of Curriculum," pp. 126-136 in Mary Anne, Raywid, ed., Philosophy of Education 1972: :Proceedings of the 28th Annual Meeting of the Philosophy of Education Society. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, Studies in Philosophy of Education, 1972., Ian Westbury

Annotation: Shows the parallel between the rhetorical arts and the deliberative arts in curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Aesthetic Inquiry and Curriculum Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Sieber, Sam, Karen Seashore Louis, and Toya Metzger, The Use of Educational Knowledge . Final Report, U.S. Office of Education, 1972. Contract No. OEC-0-70-4930., Sam Sieber, Karen Seashore Louis, and Toya Metzger

Annotation: Gives the final report of a USOE study of knowledge utilization in education.

Broad Topical Focus: Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Linkage, Knowledge Utilization

Beauchamp, George A., "Basic Components of a Curriculum Theory," Curriculum Theory Network, 10(Fall, 1972), 16-22., George A. Beauchamp

Annotation: Analyzes the basic components of curriculum theory; critiques of this article appear in CTN (No. 1, 1973-74), 56-59.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Citations from 1971

Baker, Eva L., "Curriculum Development Projects," pp. 579-585 in Lee C. Deighton, ed., The Encyclopedia of Education, Volume 2 . New York: Macmillan and Free Press, 1971., Eva L. Baker

Annotation: Summarizes procedures used in curriculum development projects using a six-stage model (formulation, specification, development, field testing, revision cycles, and implementation).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Content Selection and Organization

Robinson, Agnes S., "Curriculum Building," pp. 564-575 in Lee C. Deighton, ed., The Encyclopedia of Education , Volume 2. New York: Macmillan and Free Press, 1971., Agnes S. Robinson

Annotation: Summarizes the literature on curriculum development and provides a model of a master plan for curriculum development.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Pring, Richard, "Curriculum Integration," Proceedings of the Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain, Supplementary Issue, 5(July, 1971), 170-200. Reprinted pp. 123-149 in R. S. Peters, ed., The Philosophy of Education. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973., Richard Pring

Annotation: Curriculum integration is analyzed in terms of the unity of knowledge, experience, inquiry or problem-solving, and epistemological questions concerning the relationship of the disciplines.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Integration

Westbury, Ian, and William Steimer, "Curriculum: A Discipline in Search of Its Problems," School Review, 79(February, 1971), 243-267.*, Ian Westbury and William Steimer

Annotation: Gives evidence of the incoherence of the field of curriculum research and practice and analyzes a range of problems needing disciplined intellectual effort in the field.

Broad Topical Focus: Defining Curriculum Research Questions,Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General,Curriculum Research Domains and Structure,Curriculum Definitions,Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Young, Michael, "An Approach to the Study of Curricula as Socially Organized Knowledge," pp. 19-46 in his Knowledge and Control: New Directions for the Sociology of Education. London: Collier-Macmillan, 1971. Reprinted pp. 254-285 in Arno A. Bellack and Herbert M. Kliebard, eds., Curriculum and Evaluation. Berkeley, CA: Mc Cutcheon, 1977.*, Michael Young

Annotation: Describes the sociological approach to the organization of knowledge in curricula and explains what is meant by socially organized knowledge.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Ideology and School Knowledge, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Broudy, Harry S., "Democratic Values and Educational Goals," pp. 113-152 in Robert M, McClure, ed., The Curriculum: Retrospect and Prospect, The Seventieth Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, Part 1. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971., Harry S. Broudy

Annotation: Discusses a series of democratic values and issues related to them; discusses Dewey's conception of democracy; relates these norms to educational goals.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Churchman, Charles West, The Design of Inquiring Systems: Basic Concepts of Systems and Organization . New York: Basic Books, 1971., Charles West Churchman

Annotation: Traces a whole reange of inquiry systems from simple to complex, critiques them, and poses alternatives.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry, Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Macdonald, James B., "Curriculum Integration," pp. 590-593 in Lee C. Deighton, ed., The Encyclopedia of Education, Volume 2. New York : Macmillan & Free Press, 1971., James B. Macdonald

Annotation: Notes the values underlying curriculum integration and the reasons, types, and criticism of it.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Integration, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Content Selection and Organization

Walker, Decker, "A Naturalistic Model for Curriculum Development," School Review, 80(November, 1971), 51-65. Also ERIC Document No. ED 042 252.*, Decker Walker

Annotation: Presents a conception of curriculum development that embraces political elements and processes.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Joyce, Bruce R., "The Curriculum Worker of the Future," pp. 307-355 in Robert M. McClure, ed., Curriculum: Retrospect and Prospect , Seventieth Yearbook of the NSSE, Part I. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971.*, Bruce R. Joyce

Annotation: Presents positive and negative theses regarding the role of the curriculum worker in improving curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Status Study
Narrow Topic: Professionalization in Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum History, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Tyler, Ralph W., "Curriculum Development in the Twenties and Thirties," pp. 26-44 in Robert M. McClure, ed., The Curriculum: Retrospect and Prospect . The 70th Yearbook of the NSSE, Part I. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971., Ralph W. Tyler

Annotation: Surveys the history of curriculum development in the 1920s and 1930s.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Apple, Michael W., "The Hidden Curriculum and the Nature of Conflict," Interchange, 2(No. 4, 1971), 27-40. Reprinted pp. 95-119 in William Pinar, ed., Curriculum Theorizing: The Reconceptualists. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1975., Michael W. Apple

Annotation: Discusses the hidden curriculum and the part conflict plays in it.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Critical Inquiry, Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Hidden Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Kirst, Michael W., and Decker F. Walker, "An Analysis of Curriculum Policy- Making," Review of Educational Research, 41(December, 1971), 479-509. Reprinted pp. 538-568 in Arno A. Bellack and Herbert M. Kliebard, eds., Curriculum and Evaluation. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1977., Michael W. Kirst and Decker F. Walker

Annotation: Explains how curriculum policy making is conducted in the United States, including major groups influencing policy at various levels.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Research Synthesis
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics

Esland, Geoffrey M., "Teaching and Learning as the Organization of Knowledge," pp. 70-115 in Michael F. D. Young, ed., Knowledge and Control: New Directions for the Sociology of Education . London: Collier-Macmillan, 1971., Geoffrey M. Esland

Annotation: Describes the possibilities for studying teaching and learning from the perspective of the sociology of knowledge; ends with some specific questions for research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Defining Curriculum Research Questions
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Teaching/Learning Process

Johnson, Mauritz, "Appropriate Research Directions for Curriculum and Instruction," Curriculum Theory Network, 6(1971), 24-37.*, Mauritz Johnson

Annotation: Distinguishes technical and managerial processes and relates research variables to each of the 17 processes identified.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Curriculum Research Domains and Structure,Defining Curriculum Research Questions,Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Linkage

Bernstein, Basil, "On the Classification and Framing of Educational Knowledge," pp. 47-69 in Michael F. D. Young, Knowledge and Control. London: Collier-Macmillan, 1971. Reprinted pp. 85-115 in Bernstein, Basil, Class, Codes and Control: Volume 3, Towards a Theory of Educational Transmissions, Revised Edition. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1977. *, Basil Bernstein

Annotation: Describes the strengths and weaknesses of the integrated and collection codes that regulate knowledge in the curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum Integration, Comparative Curriculum

Eisner, Elliot W., ed., Confronting Curriculum Reform . Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1971., Elliot W. Eisner

Annotation: Provides a collection of 1969 conference papers and reflections on them pertaining to curriculum reforms of the period.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design,Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Curriculum History

Young, Michael F. D., ed., Knowledge and Control: New Directions for the Sociology of Education . London: Collier-Macmillan, 1971., Michael F. D. Young

Annotation: Discusses several features of social organization and control of knowledge in educational institutions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Collection of Studies
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge

Weiss, Joel, and Jack Edwards, "Data Banks: Observations on a Methodology for Securing Curriculum Development Process Data," Curriculum Theory Network, 7 (1971), 35-42., Joel Weiss and Jack Edwards

Annotation: Lists a series of curriculum categories and concerns into which curriculum data can be placed.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Curriculum Deliberation

Ragan, William B., and Gene D. Shepherd, "Historical Influences," pp. 9-43 in their Modern Elementary Curriculum . 4th Edition. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971., William B. Ragan and Gene D. Shepherd

Annotation: Summarizes historical influences on the curriculum from the colonial period to the present.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Kliebard, Herbert M., "Bureaucracy and Curriculum Theory," pp. 74-93 in Vernon F. Haubrich, ed., Freedom, Bureaucracy, and Schooling, 1971 ASCD Yearbook. Washington, DC: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1971. Reprinted pp. 51-69 in William F. Pinar, ed., Curriculum Theorizing . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1975. Reprinted pp. 608-627 in Arno A. Bellack and Herbert M. Kliebard, eds., Curriculum and Evaluation . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1977.*, Herbert M. Kliebard

Annotation: Traces the history of bureaucracy and standardization in the history of curriculum in the U. S. and notes contemporary revival of these aspects of curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance, Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Organization Theory

Goldman, Ralph F., William H. Weber, and Harold J. Noah, "Some Economic Models of Curriculum Structure," Teachers College Record, 73(December, 1971), 285-303., Ralph F. Goldman, William H. Weber, and Harold J. Noah

Annotation: Shows several economic models using curricular elements among others.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Greene, Maxine, "Curriculum and Consciousness," Teachers College Record, 73(December, 1971), 253-269. Reprinted pp. 299-320 in William F. Pinar, ed., Curriculum Theorizing. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1975. Reprinted pp. 237-253 in Arno A. Bellack and Herbert M. Kliebard, eds., Curriculum and Evaluation . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1977., Maxine Greene

Annotation: Shows how breaking with common sense views and examining alternative ones can lead to designing curriculum with many possibilities.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum as Experience, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Sobol, Thomas, "The Broader Meaning of Articulation," Phi Delta Kappan, 53(September, 1971), 25-29., Thomas Sobol

Annotation: Describes four dilemmas in contemporary schooling (between have's and have-not's, school and life, head and heart, and old values and new values) and envisions a type of schooling to overcome these dilemmas.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design,Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences,Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization

Macdonald, James B., "Responsible Curriculum Development," pp. 120-134 in Elliot W. Eisner, ed., Confronting Curriculum Reform . Boston: Little, Brown, 1971.*, James B. Macdonald

Annotation: Presents a model of curriculum development that is dynamic rather than linear.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Curriculum Aims and Objectives