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Single Studies

Clark, Charles, "The Necessity of Curricular Objectives," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 20( July-August, 1988), 339-349., Charles Clark

Annotation: Analyzes the role and purposes of curriculum objectives.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Clark, David L., and Terry A. Astuto, "The Significance and Permanence of Changes in Federal Education Policy," Educational Researcher, 15(October, 1986), 4-13., David L. Clark and Terry A. Astuto

Annotation: Argues that federal educational policy changed significantly during the Reagan administration and will continue along these lines in the future; analyzes curriculum content, character education, and choice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry, Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Clarke, Mike, "Reporting Format," pp. 521-534 in Harris Cooper, Larry V. Hedges, and Jeffrey C. Valentine, Eds., The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis, 2nd ed. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2009., Mike Clarke

Annotation: Presents and describes a structure for reporting the results of a research synthesis or meta-analysis.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Clark, John A., "Objectivity, Subjectivity, and Relativism in Educational Research," Curriculum Inquiry, 24(Spring, 1994), 81-94., John A. Clark

Annotation: Critiques earlier articles by Eisner, Barone, and Guba in Curriculum Inquiry 22(1) on the subjects in the title; followed by responses by Eisner and Barone.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Clements, Douglas H., "Curriculum Research: Toward a Framework for 'Research-based Curricula," Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 38(January, 2007), 35-70., Douglas H. Clements

Annotation: Contrasts goals of curriculum development research and of science research; argues the case for curriculum research related to practice, policy, and theory; posits 10 phases for curriculum development research; applies the model to mathematics curriculum; gives ramifications and caveats.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Development as Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum Development Strategies, Materials Development and Evaluation, Mathematics

Clements, Millard, "Performance Based Education: A Social Alchemy," The Educational Forum, 46(Spring, 1982), 315-325., Millard Clements

Annotation: Critiques performance-based education's behaviorist assumptions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Visions and Philosophies,Curriculum Evaluation,Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Clift, Renee, Mary Lou Veal, Marlene Johnson, and Patricia Holland, "Restructuring Teacher Education through Collaborative Action Research," Journal of Teacher Education, 41(March-April, 1990), 52-62., Renee Clift, Mary Lou Veal, Marlene Johnson, and Patricia Holland

Annotation: Describes an action research project at University of Houston in teacher education based on inquiry and reflection.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Education

Clinchy, Evans, Rescuing the Public Schools: What It Will Take to Leave No Child Behind. New York: Teachers College Press, 2007., Evans Clinchy

Annotation: Offers an alternative model to NCLB; also describes programs in several progressive schools on which the author worked over the last 50 years.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Criticism of Schooling

Clune, William H., "Three Views of Curriculum Policy in the School Context: The School as Policy Mediator, Policy Critic, and Policy Constructor," pp. 256-270 in Milbrey W. McLaughlin, Jan E. Talbert, and Nina Bascia, eds., The Context of Teaching in Secondary Schools: Teachers' Realities . New York: Teachers College Press, 1990.*, William H. Clune

Annotation: Analyzes the effect on policy inquiry of three policy perspectives.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Cochran-Smith, Marilyn, and Mary Kim Fries, "Sticks, Stones, and Ideology: The Discourse of Reform in Teacher Education," Educational Researcher, 30(November, 2001), 3-15., Marilyn Cochran-Smith and Mary Kim Fries

Annotation: Analyzes three warrants (evidentiary, accountability, political) employed in arguments by opposing groups on how to upgraded teachers and teacher education (the agenda of professionalization and the agenda of de-regulation).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Ideology and School Knowledge, Teacher Education, Philosophical Schools

Cochran-Smith, Marilyn, and Susan L. Lytle, Inside/Outside: Teacher Research and Knowledge. New York: Teachers College Press, 1993., Marilyn Cochran-Smith and Susan L. Lytle

Annotation: Gives background of various processes by which teacher research is conducted and provides numerous examples of journals, oral inquiries, classroom and school studies, and essays.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Research

Cochran-Smith, Marilyn, and Susan L. Lytle, "Research on Teaching and Teacher Research: The Issues that Divide," Educational Researcher, 19(March, 1990), 2-11. *, Marilyn Cochran-Smith and Susan L. Lytle

Annotation: Makes the case for teacher research and contrasts this approach with the approaches used in research on teaching.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Teacher Research

Codd, John A., "Toward a Critical Appreciation of School Culture and Curriculum," Curriculum Perspectives, 2(October, 1982), 15-21., John A. Codd

Annotation: Explores the aesthetic dimensions of educational experience, curriculum and school culture, and personal knowledge and practical judgment.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Aesthetic Inquiry and Curriculum Criticism, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Curriculum and Politics, Practical Knowledge

Cohen, David K., "Dewey's Problem," The Elementary School Journal, 98(May, 1998). 427-446., David K. Cohen

Annotation: Offers a 100th anniversary review and critique of Dewey's essays in School and Society.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Classics of Curriculum Literature

Cohen, David K., "Problems in Education Policy and Research," pp. 349-371 in David K. Cohen, Susan H. Fuhrman, and Fritz Mosher, eds., The State of Education Policy Research. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2007., David K. Cohen

Annotation: Reviews the changing shape of education policy and the problems of resource allocation, place of race in policy, teacher quality, and access to school; discusses the role of research in policymaking and the gap between policymakers and practitioners.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation, Curriculum Implementation

Cohen, David K., and Susan L. Moffitt, "The Influence of Practice on Policy," pp. 63-80 in Douglas E. Mitchell, Robert L. Crowson, and Dorothy Shipps, eds., Shaping Educational Policy: Power and Process. New York: Routledge, 2011., David K. Cohen and Susan L. Moffitt

Annotation: Discusses the two-way influence of governing bodies and practice on educational policy; illustrates with the history of ESEA/NCLB; discusses paradoxes of coherence, capability, and excellence.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics

Cohen, David K., Susan L. Moffitt, and Simona Goldin, "Policy and Practice," pp. 63-85 in David K. Cohen, Susan H. Fuhrman, and Fritz Mosher, eds., The State of Education Policy Research. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2007., David K. Cohen, Susan L. Moffitt, and Simona Goldin

Annotation: Views the policy/practice dilemma as a problem of consistency among four factors: aims, capabilities among practitioners to implement them, instruments used to encourage revised practice, and resources available.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Implementation

Cohen, Jonathan, "Deliberation, Tradition, and the Problem of Incommensurability: Philosophical Reflections on Curriculum Decision Making," Educational Theory, 49(Winter, 1999), 71-89.*, Jonathan Cohen

Annotation: Reviews Schwab's view of deliberation, the incommensurability of theories, and their relationship; discusses continuity in negation and implications for curriculum decision making as constrained deliberation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Cohen, Jonathan, "Social, Emotional, Ethical, and Academic Education: Creating a Climate for Learning, Participation in Democracy, and Well-Being," Harvard Eduational Review, 76(Summer, 2006), 201-237., Jonathan Cohen

Annotation: Advocates inclusion of this topic in schooling, reviews related contemporary practices, and suggests related action research; a related article by Noddings follows.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Character Education, Citizenship Education, Democratic Education, Ethical Issues in Curriculum, Psychology and Curriculum, Curriculum as Experience

Cohen, Rosetta Marantz, "The Ordeal of Change: A True Story of High School Reform," Teachers College Record, 96(Winter, 1994), 148-166., Rosetta Marantz Cohen

Annotation: Reports on the process of change in one Coalition for Essential Schools school; three related responses follow this article.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Secondary School Curriculum

Cohen, Stuart J., "An Educational Psychologist Goes to Medical School," pp. 303-323 in Elliot W. Eisner, The Educational Imagination . New York: Macmillan, 1985., Stuart J. Cohen

Annotation: Peresents a qualitative picture of medical education by a professor in the program.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Aesthetic Inquiry and Curriculum Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Higher Education Curriculum

Cole, Michael, "Mind as a Cultural Achievement: Implications for IQ Testing," pp. 218-249 in Elliot W. Eisner, ed., Learning and Teaching the Ways of Knowing , 84th Yearbook of the NSSE, Part II. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985., Michael Cole

Annotation: Argues that culture-free intelligence is a contradiction in terms; reviews IQ testing; discusses context-sensitive approaches.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Psychology and Curriculum, Ideology and School Knowledge, Curriculum Standards and Testing

Collins, Allan, What's Worth Teaching? Rethinking Curriculum in the Age of Technology. New York: Teachers College Press, 2017., Allan Collins

Annotation: Sets forth a vision of curriculum based on trends in technology, literacy, mathematics, science, and educational policy; makes many specific recommendations for subject matter to be included and to be excluded; call the proposal a Passion Curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum Aims and Objectives

Commager, Harry Steele, "Some Problems of History," pp. 43-71 in his The Nature and the Study of History . Columbus, OH: Charles E. Merrill, 1965.*, Harry Steele Commager

Annotation: Indicates several cautions that should be exercised by the historian in seeking and interpreting historical evidence.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Common, Dianne L., "Curriculum Language," The Educational Forum, 48(Spring, 1984), 343-352., Dianne L. Common

Annotation: Shows the significance and place of assertive language (curriculum as imitation) and of emotive language (curriculum as imagination) in curriculum enactment.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teaching/Learning Process

Common, Dianne L., "The Practice of Curriculum Fixing and the Governance of Canada's Public Schools," Curriculum Perspectives, 6(October, 1986), 23-26., Dianne L. Common

Annotation: Gives cases of curriculum-fixes in Canadian education and their role in centralizing control of the curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum, Freedom/Authority and Curriculum

Common, Dianne L., and Kieran Egan, "The Missing Soul of Modes of Curriculum Implementation-Educational Theory," Curriculum Perspectives, 8(May, 1988), 1-10.*, Dianne L. Common and Kieran Egan

Annotation: Treats a non-technological conception of curriculum implementation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Implementation

Confrey, Jere, "Comparing and Contrasting the National Research Council Report'On Evaluating Curricular Effectiveness' with the What Works Clearinghouse Approach," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 28(Fall, 2006), 195-213., Jere Confrey

Annotation: Points out similarities and differences in the research approaches used in these two efforts to establish curricular effectiveness in mathematics curricula.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Mathematics, Government Role in Educational Research & Development, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Confrey, Jere, "The Lure of the Practical," Review Journal of Philosophy and Social Science, 7 (No. 1 & 2, 1982), 109-138.*, Jere Confrey

Annotation: Argues for merging theory and practice and draws implications that contrast with those derived from a separation of theory and practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Theorists, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Practical Knowledge, Teacher Education, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses, Philosophical Schools

Conle, Carola, "An Anatomy of Narrative Curricula, Educational Researcher, 32(April, 2003), 3-15., Carola Conle

Annotation: Analyses narrative , story, and narrating in light of Schwab's commonplaces of curriculum--student, teacher, subject matter, and milieu; gives examples from the classroom and from research using narrative; notes four results of narrative curricula.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Connell, R. W., "Curricular Justice," pp. 43-54 in his Schools and Social Justice. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1993., R. W. Connell

Annotation: Discusses three design principles of a curriculum that leads to social justice; discusses what makes for an unjust curriculum; argues for a counter-hegemoic curriculum logic.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Visions and Philosophies, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Curriculum and Politics, Ethical Issues in Curriculum

Connelly, F. Michael, "Curriculum Decision Making By Teachers," Bulletin: Canadian Society for the Study of Education, 3(January, 1975), 1-5., F. Michael Connelly

Annotation: Discusses the role of teachers in curriculum decision-making.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry, Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Knowledge, Practical Knowledge

Connelly, F. Michael, "Joseph Schwab, Curriculum, Curriculum Studies, and Educational Reform," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 45(No. 5, 2013), 622-639., F. Michael Connelly

Annotation: Explains Schwab's conceptualization of a dialectical way of relating theory and practice in curriculum (quite a different principle from that prevalent in Curriculum Studies at the time of Schwab's writings); discusses what has happened since Schwab's time to curriculum studies, to curriculum reform, and to curriculum policy; suggests educational reform requires entering a massive, on-going, narrative process.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study, Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Curriculum History, Curriculum and Politics, Curriculum Professors

Connelly, F. Michael, "Life in the Foothills of Curriculum," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 32(November-December, 2000), 743-748., F. Michael Connelly

Annotation: Gives personal reflections on his career and research contributions to the field of curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Connelly, F. Michael, "The Functions of Curriculum Development," Interchange, 3(No. 2/3, 1972), 161-177.*, F. Michael Connelly

Annotation: Presents the functional components of curriculum development and describes the teacher as choice-maker in curriculum development.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Teacher Planning

Connelly, F. Michael, and Miriam Ben-Peretz, "Teachers' Roles in the Using and Doing of Research and Curriculum Development," Journal of Curriculum Studies, 12(April-June, 1980), 95-107. Reprinted pp. 624-636 in James R. Gress, ed., Curriculum: An Introduction to the Field. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1988.*, F. Michael Connelly and Miriam Ben-Peretz

Annotation: Makes the case for teacher inquiry (action research) in developing new curricula, not just in implementing curricula.

Broad Topical Focus: Relation of Curriculum Research to Practice, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Research, Teacher Planning, Curriculum Development Strategies

Connelly, F. Michael, and D. Jean Clandinin, "Narrative Inquiry: Storied Experience," pp. 121-153 in Edmund C. Short, ed., Forms of Curriculum Inquiry . Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1991.*, F. Michael Connelly and D. Jean Clandinin

Annotation: Describes the processes of narrative inquiry in curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Connelly, F. Michael, and D. Jean Clandinin, "Narrative Understandings of Teacher Knowledge," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 15(Summer, 2000), 315-331., F. Michael Connelly and D. Jean Clandinin

Annotation: Presents a study of two different teacher's knowledge, understood narratively; shows differences in context and space (temporal, personal/existential, and place) and in professional knowledge landscape and personal practical knowledge of teachers.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Knowledge, Practical Knowledge

Connelly, F. Michael, and D. Jean Clandinin, "Personal Practical Knowledge and the Modes of Knowing: Relevance for Teaching and Learning," pp. 174-198 in Elliot W. Eisner, ed., Learning and Teaching the Ways of Knowing, 84th Yearbook of the NSSE, Part II. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1985., F. Michael Connelly and D. Jean Clandinin

Annotation: Stresses learning the modes of knowing within narrative unities; gives special attention to teachers' experiential modes of knowing and meaning-making.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Content Selection and Organization, Practical Knowledge, Teacher Knowledge

Connelly, F. Michael, and D. Jean Clandinin, "Perspectives on Inquiry into Schooling," pp. 1-19 in Geoffrey Milburn and Robin Ennis, eds., Curriculum Canada VI . Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia, 1985., F. Michael Connelly and D. Jean Clandinin

Annotation: Gives an introduction and examples of six perspectives of inquiry into schooling.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Connelly, F. Michael, and D. Jean Clandinin, "Stories of Experience and Narrative Inquiry," Educational Researcher, 19(June-July, 1990), 2-14. A version in pp. 121-153 in Edmund C. Short, ed., Forms of Curriculum Inquiry.. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1991.*, F. Michael Connelly and D. Jean Clandinin

Annotation: Describes the nature and processes involved in doing narrative inquiry and writing the narrative.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Connelly, F. Michael, and Gerry Connelly, "Curriculum Policy Guidelines: Context, Structures, and Functions," pp. 54-73 in Allan Luke, Annette Woods, and Katie Weir, eds., Curriculum, Syllabus Design, and Equity: A Primer and Model. New York: Routledge, 2013., F. Michael Connelly and Gerry Connelly

Annotation: Analyzes types of curriculum policy, curriculum guidelines, and their functions; describes guidelines for writing curriculum guidelines; discusses role of support documents; discusses decision-points and provides practical examples (mostly from Ontario) of this work.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Guides, Plans, Documents, Materials
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Frameworks, Materials Development and Evaluation, School Subjects, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Connelly, F. Michael, with Shijing Xu, "On the State of Curriculum Studies: A Personal Practical Inquiry," Curriculum and Teaching Dialogue, 9(Nos. 1 & 2, 2007). 3-19., F. Michael Connelly and Shijing Xu

Annotation: Traces the author's entry into and contributions to the field of Curriculum Studies; highlights the study of teacher's practical knowledge; two related articles follow.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists, Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Professors, Teacher Knowledge

Conran, Patricia C., and George A. Beauchamp, "A Causal Model in Curriculum Research: An Aid to Theory Building," Educational Leadership, 32(March, 1975), 392-397., Patricia C. Conran and George A. Beauchamp

Annotation: Describes the role of causal investigations in building curriculum theory.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Conran, Patricia C., and George A. Beauchamp, "The Scientific-Aesthetic Evaluation Model Interface," Educational Leadership, 32(October, 1975), 35-40., Patricia C. Conran and George A. Beauchamp

Annotation: Discusses the connoisseur/critical model with the scientific/causal model of evaluation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry, Aesthetic Inquiry and Curriculum Criticism, Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Constas, Mark A., "The Changing Nature of Educational Research and a Critique of Postmodernism," Educational Researcher, 27(March, 1998), 26-33.*, Mark A. Constas

Annotation: Explains postmodernism and its influence on educational research; discusses three problems it poses--distinction, expistemological genre, and procedural infomality; critiques its reluctance to arrive at conclusions, to suggest practical implications, and to fall victim to its own desire to free inquiry from oppressive conditions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Cook-Sather, Alison, "Authorizing Students' Perspectives: Toward Trust, Dialogue, and Change in Education," Educational Researcher, 31(May, 2002), 3-14., Alison Cook-Sather

Annotation: Argues for obtaining students' perspectives through educational research and sets forth implications of this position.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Defining Curriculum Research Questions, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Cook, Thomas D., "Randomized Experiments in Educational Policy Research: A Critical Examination of the Reasons the Educational Evaluation Community has Offered for not Doing Them," Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 24(Fall, 2002), 175-199., Thomas D. Cook

Annotation: Examines five of the frequently offfered arguments against employing randomized experiments in educational policy research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Evaluative Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Cook, Thomas D., Judith Levinson-Rose, and William E. Pollard, "The Misutilization of Evaluation Research," Knowledge: Creation, Diffusion, Utilization, 1(June, 1980), 477-498., Thomas D. Cook, Judith Levinson-Rose, and William E. Pollard

Annotation: Discusses the problem of utilizing evaluation research to alter policy and practice.

Broad Topical Focus: Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Utilization

Coombs, Jerrold R., and Le Roi B. Daniels, "Philosophical Inquiry: Conceptual Analysis," pp. 27-41 in Edmund C. Short, ed., Forms of Curriculum Inquiry . Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1991.*, Jerrold R. Coombs and Le Roi B. Daniels

Annotation: Describes the processes involved in doing conceptual analysis in curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Coomer, Donna Leonhard, "Reformulating the Evaluation Process," pp. 163-204 in Kenneth A. Sirotnik, and Jeannie Oakes, eds., Critical Perspectives on the Organization and Improvement of Schooling . Boston: Kluwer/Nijhoff, 1986., Donna Leonhard Coomer

Annotation: Gives an alternative model of evaluation from a critical perspective.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry, Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Cooper, Donald, and Dane Ebbutt, "Participation in Action Research as an In-service Experience," Cambridge Journal of Education, 4(No. 2, 1977), 65-71.*, Donald Cooper and Dane Ebbutt

Annotation: Reports on the process engaged in by participants in an action research project in England.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: In-service Teacher Development, Comparative Curriculum

Cooper, Harris, Integrating Research: A Guide for Literature Reviews, 2nd Edition, Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1989., Harris Cooper

Annotation: Modifies slightly the discussion found in the first edition (1984).

Broad Topical Focus:
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Cooper, Harris, Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis: A Step-by-Step Approach, 5th ed. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2017., Harris Cooper

Annotation: Provides a detailed set of steps and procedures for combining the results of individual quantitative social science research studies into a meta-analysis of multiple studies through the use of a scientifically valid method of formal inquiry.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Cooper, Harris, and Larry V. Hedges,"Research Synthesis as a Scientific Process," pp. 3-16 in Harris Cooper, Larry V. Hedges, and Jeffrey C. Valentine, eds., The Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis, 2nd ed. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2009., Harris Cooper and Larry V. Hedges

Annotation: Presents an overview of a form of research known as research synthesis, outlines six stages of doing this kind of research, and introduces the chapters of the Handbook that follow.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Cooper, Harris M.,"A Taxonomy of Literature Reviews." Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, 1985. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 254541., Harris M. Cooper

Annotation: Posits components of a literature review (focus, goals, prespective, coverage, organization, audience) and uses them to analyze examples; suggests other uses for the taxonomy.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Knowledge Utilization

Cooper, Harris M., "Organizing Knowledge Synthesis: A Taxonomy of Literature Reviews," Knowledge in Society, 1(Spring, 1988), 104-126., Harris M. Cooper

Annotation: Presents a framework for understanding and conducting research reviews.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Cooper, Harris M., The Integrative Research Review: A Systematic Approach . Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, 1984., Harris M. Cooper

Annotation: Describes the process of preparing integrative reviews in five stages (problem formulation, data collection, data evaluation, analysis and interpretation, and presentation).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Integrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Corbett, H. Dickson, Differing Curriculum Changes within a School: Strategies and Structure. Philadelphia: Research for Better Schools, April, 1983., H. Dickson Corbett

Annotation: Reports a study of curriculum change in 14 schools involving four aspects: the social club, the professional group, administrative delight, and "egg crate".

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry,Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies, Organization Theory

Corbett, H. Dickson, and Gretchen B. Rossman, "Three Paths to Implementing Change: A Research Note," Curriculum Inquiry, 19(Summer, 1989), 163-190., H. Dickson Corbett and Gretchen B. Rossman

Annotation: Reports studies of implementing school change that commingle technical, political, and cultural perspectives.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Implementation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Cormack, Phillip, and Bill GReen, "Re-reading the Historical Record: Curriculum History and the LInguistic Turn," pp. 223-236 in Bernadette Baker, ed., New Curriculum HIstory. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2009., Phillip Cormack and Bill Green

Annotation: Reviews nature and place of linguistic (discourse) analysis in doing historical inquiry in curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Knowledge Generation

Cornbleth, Catherine, "Curriculum and Students: Diverting the Public Interest," pp. 199-212 in Gloria Ladson-Billings and William F. Tate, eds., Educational Research in the Public Interest: Social Justice, Action, and Policy. New York: Teachers College Press, 2006., Catherine Cornbleth

Annotation: Urges critical examination of the current approach to research in curriculum studies that does not take into account the student context of policy questions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing, Knowledge Generation, Curriculum and Politics

Cornbleth, Catherine, "Curriculum In and Out of Context," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 3(Winter, 1988), 85-96., Catherine Cornbleth

Annotation: Conceptualizes curriculum without isolating it from its structural and systemic contexts.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Curriculum Change,Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences,Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Cornbleth, Catherine, "Curriculum Politics, Policy, and Practice: Comparative Questions, Contextualized Cases," pp. 95-106 in Moritz Rosemund, Amara-Verena Fries, and Werner Heller, eds., Comparing Curriculum-Making Processes. Bern: Peter Lang, 2002., Catherine Cornbleth

Annotation: Calls for studying curriculum research questions that examine relations among policies, politics, discourse, and practice in particular contexts; urges cross-case analysis and comparative curriculum research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Comparative Curriculum

Cornbleth, Catherine, "Echo Effects and Curriculum Change," Teachers College Record, 110(October, 2008), 2148-2171., Catherine Cornbleth

Annotation: Analyzes the effects on curriculum policy and practice of external social actions by use of the "echo" metaphor; gives illustrations and notes what contributes to weaker or stronger management of echo effects.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Administration, Leadership, Finance, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum and Politics, Discourse Analysis

Cornbleth, Catherine, "National Standards and the Curriculum as Containment?" pp. 211-238 in Catherine Cornbleth, ed., Curriculum Politics, Policy, Practice: Cases in Comparative Context. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 2000., Catherine Cornbleth

Annotation: Notes tensions in curriculum politics, policy, and practice in two states--California and New York--between a common cultural curriculum versus a multicultural curriculum.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Freedom/Authority and Curriculum, Curriculum Standards and Testing, Curriculum and Politics, Multicultural Education

Cornbleth, Catherine, "Ritual and Rationality in Teacher Education Reform," Educational Researcher, 15(April, 1986), 5-14., Catherine Cornbleth

Annotation: Examines critically the nature and implications of recent calls for reform in teacher education along five dimensions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Critical Inquiry, Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Education

Cornbleth, Catherine, and Esther E. Gottlieb, "Reform Discourse and Curriculum Reform, " Educational Studies, 3(Fall, 1989), 63-78.*, Catherine Cornbleth and Esther E. Gottlieb

Annotation: Demonstrates the rise of discourse analysis (Foucault) in examining the Tyler rationale, Nation at Risk, Tommorow's Teachers, etc.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism, Hermeneutic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Discourse Analysis

Cornett, Jeffrey W., "Utilizing Action Research in Graduate Curriculum Courses," Theory Into Practice, 29(Summer, 1990), 185-195., Jeffrey W. Cornett

Annotation: Gives a conceptual framework for a curriculum development action research project.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Programs of Study in Curriculum and Instruction

Costa, Arthur L., and Richard A. Loveall, "The Legacy of Hilda Taba," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 18(Fall, 2002), 56-62., Arthur L. Costa and Richard A. Loveall

Annotation: Gives contributions of Hilda Taba to the process of content selection and reports aspects of her professional career.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Content Selection and Organization

Costas, Mark A., "Deciphering Postmodern Educational Research," Educational Researcher, 27(December, 1998), 36-42.*, Mark A. Costas

Annotation: Characterizes various postmodern modes of educational research within a typology of educational inquiry dimensions.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Coulson, John M., "Theoretical Antecedents of Knowledge Dissemination and Utilization Tradition," Viewpoints in Teaching and Learning, 54(April, 1978), 39-56., John M. Coulson

Annotation: Identifies assumptions behind this tradition.

Broad Topical Focus: Critique and Utilization of Curriculum Research and Inquiry
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Knowledge Utilization

Coulter, Cathy A., and Mary Lee Smith, "The Construction Zone: Literary Elements in Narrative Research," Educational Researcher, 38(November, 2009), 577-590., Cathy A. Coulter and Mary Lee Smith

Annotation: Describes and illustrates ten literary elements used in constructing stories in narrative research; three articles providing comments and criticism of his article immediately follow as well as a response to these articles by the original authors.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Coulter, David, "The Epic and the Novel: Dialogism and Teacher Research," Educational Researcher, 28(April,1999), 4-13., David Coulter

Annotation: Describes and illustrates the use of Bakhtin's concepts of language and dialogue in an action research study by teachers in Winnepeg of their school district's retention policy; explores the methodology of dialogic research and its use.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Comparative Curriculum

Crabtree, Benjamin F., and William L. Miller, "Using Codes and Code Manuals: A Template Organizing Style of Interpretation," in Benjamin F. Crabtree and William L. Miller, eds., Doing Qualitative Research, 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1999., Benjamin F. Crabtree and William L. Miller

Annotation: Shows how to develop and use a template of codes to analyze qualitative data; gives an illustrative example.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Field other than Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Content Analysis, Phenomenological Inquiry, Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Qualitative Research, Knowledge Generation

Craig, Cheryl J., "The Relationships Between and Among Teachers' Narrative Knowledge, Communities of Knowing, and School Reform: A Case of 'The Monkey's Paw'," Curriculum Inquiry, 31 (Fall, 2001), 303- 331., Cheryl J. Craig

Annotation: Gives via narrative inquiry a picture of the clash between an effort to introduce a top-down school reform (interdisciplinary curriculum) and teacher knowledge and self-understanding; two related articles follow.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Narrative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Knowledge, Self-Knowledge, Curriculum Implementation

Cremin, Lawrence A., "Curriculum-Making in the United States," Teachers College Record, 73(December, 1971), 207-220. Reprinted pp. 19-38 in William Pinar, ed., Curriculum Theorizing . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1975., Lawrence A. Cremin

Annotation: Starts with the work of W. T. Harris, moves on to the progessive era, and compares these with curriculum-making in the 1950s and 1960s.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design,Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Development Strategies

Cremin, Lawrence A., "The Curriculum Maker and His Critics: A Persistent American Problem," Teachers College Record, 54(February, 1953), 233-245., Lawrence A. Cremin

Annotation: Examines the educational ideals of Mann and Parker and their critics and gives some prescriptions for action by curriculum makers.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design,Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form,Curriculum Visions and Philosophies
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Ampliative Criticism,Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay,Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Curriculum Specialists in Schools

Cremin, Lawrence A., "The Problem of Curriculum Making: An Historical Perspective," pp. 6-26 in What Shall the High Schools Teach? , ASCD Yearbook 1956. Washington, DC: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1956., Lawrence A. Cremin

Annotation: Examines Committee of Ten Report (1893), the societal forces impinging upon curriculum from 1893-1918, and changing conceptions of schooling in this same period, and finally the Cardinal Principles Report (1918).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Classics of Curriculum Literature

Cronbach, Lee, "Tyler's Contribution to Measurement and Evaluation," Journal of Thought, 21(Spring, 1986), 47-52., Lee Cronbach

Annotation: Summarizes Tyler's contributions to the evaluation and measurement fields.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Theorists,Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Evaluation of Instruction, Program Audit/Evaluation

Cross, Beverly E., "Personal Theorizing through Action Research: Toward an Emerging Epistemology of Practical Curriculum Inquiry." Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, April, 1995.*, Beverly E. Cross

Annotation: Reports a qualitative study of teachers' personal theorizing on curriculum and related practices.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Practical Knowledge, Teacher Knowledge, Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Cross, Beverly E., "Self-Esteem and Curriculum: Perspectives from Urban Teachers," Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, 13(Fall, 1997), 70-91., Beverly E. Cross

Annotation: Reports a study of teachers' conceptions of self-esteem in urban students.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Self-Knowledge, Teacher Knowledge

Cross, Beverly E., "The Case for a Culturally Coherent Curriculum," pp. 71-86 in James A. Beane, ed., Toward a Coherent Curriculum. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1995., Beverly E. Cross

Annotation: Sets forth a view of attaining coherence through a culturally coherent curriculum; illustrates with an example from Malcollm X Academy in Milwaukee.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis, Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay, Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Multicultural Education, Content Selection and Organization

Cuban, Larry, "Determinants of Curriculum Change and Stability, 1870-1970," pp. 139-196 in Jon Schaffarzick and Gary Sykes, eds., Value Conflicts and Curriculum Issues: Lessons from Research and Experience . Berkeley, CA: McCutchan, 1979., Larry Cuban

Annotation: Describes a wide range of influences on curriculum change and stability.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change,Curriculum Policies and Policy Making,Curriculum Development, Organization, Design,Curriculum Contexts and Societal Influences
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Cuban, Larry, "How Schools Change Reforms: Redefining Reform Success and Failure," Teachers College Record, 99(Spring, 1998), 453-477.*, Larry Cuban

Annotation: Defines standards used by reform elites (effectiveness, popularity, fidelity) and by educational practitioners (adaptiveness, longevity), applies them to Effective Schools reform, and explores implications of these different standards to other reforms.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Evaluation
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Evaluative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Standards and Testing

Cuban, Larry, "Managing Dilemmas While Building Professional Communities," Educational Researcher, 21(January-February, 1992), 4-11.*, Larry Cuban

Annotation: Makes the case for dilemma / value-oriented inquiry in education.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Cuban, Larry, "Reforming Again, Again, and Again," Educational Researcher, 19(January, 1990), 3-13.*, Larry Cuban

Annotation: Traces reasons why reforms appear again and again.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change, Curriculum Policies and Policy Making
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History

Cuban, Larry, "The Lure of Curricular Reform and Its Pitiful History," Phi Delta Kappan, 75(October, 1993), 182-185., Larry Cuban

Annotation: Traces forty years of attempts at curriculum reform and suggests strategies for overcoming lack of real reform.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Historical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum History, Curriculum Development Strategies

Curry, Lynn, "Deliberative Curriculum Inquiry and Its Application in the Education of Health Service Administrators," Journal of Health Administration Education, 10(Summer, 1992), 519-526.*, Lynn Curry

Annotation: Reviews the applicability of work in Curriculum Studies on deliberation to decisions regarding curricula for health service administrators.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Deliberative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Programs of Study in Curriculum and Instruction, Comparative Curriculum

Cusick, Philip A., The Egalitarian Ideal and the American High School: Studies of Three Schools . New York: Longman, 1984., Philip A. Cusick

Annotation: Reports studies of three high schools' curricula (Factory High, Suburban High, and Urban High).

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Enactment and Teaching
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Secondary School Curriculum

Cziko, Gary A., "Unpredictability and Indeterminism in Human Behavior: Arguments and Implications for Educational Research," Educational Researcher, 18(April, 1989), 17-25.*, Gary A. Cziko

Annotation: Analyzes the arguments for the deterministic and the indeterministic perspectives on human behavior that underlie educational research.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines, Curriculum Research and Inquiry-General
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Dahllof, Urban S., Ability Grouping, Content Validity, and Curriculum Process Analysis . New York: Teachers College Press, 1971., Urban S. Dahllof

Annotation: Describes a study in Sweden of the analysis of the curriculum process.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Decision-making Processes, Curriculum Conceptions and Theories, Curriculum Research Domains and Structure
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry, Critical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Differentiation, Comparative Curriculum

Dalton, Thomas H., The Challenge of Curriculum Innovation: A Study of Ideology and Practice. Philadelphia: Falmer, 1988., Thomas H. Dalton

Annotation: A two-year ethnographic study of curriculum change in "Geography for Young School Learners" in two UK schools.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Ethnographic Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum, Comparative Curriculum, Social Studies

Daniels, Le Roi B., "The Justification of Curricula," New York: Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, 1971. ERIC Document Reproduction Service ED 050 160., Le Roi B. Daniels

Annotation: Notes the normative bases involved in justifying curricula.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design,Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines,Curriculum Decision-making Processes
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Normative Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation, Value Assumptions and Ideologies in Curriculum

Daniels, Le Roi B., "What is the Language of the Practical?" Curriculum Theory Network, 4(No. 4, 1975), 239-261., Le Roi B. Daniels

Annotation: Discusses the analysis of ordinary language as used in practical curriculum discourse.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Conceptions and Theories,Curriculum Decision-making Processes,Inquiry Language in Curriculum Research
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Action Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Deliberation

Daniels, Le Roi B., "What Psychology Can Do for Education," Canadian Journal of Education, 13(Winter, 1988), 52-64., Le Roi B. Daniels

Annotation: Draws on the analysis of three concepts (persons, intentions, and reception) to build an interdisciplinary research approach to pedagogy.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Multiple/Mixed Forms of Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teaching/Learning Process, Psychology and Curriculum

Daniels, Le Roi B., and Jerrold Coombs, "The Concept of Curriculum," pp. 251-258 in Donald B. Cochrane and Martin Schiralli, eds., Philosophy of Education: Canadian Perspectives . Don Mills, Ontario: Collier Macmillan Canada, 1982.*, Le Roi B. Daniels and Jerrold Coombs

Annotation: Analyzes the concept of curriculum as used in ordinary language as well as in the domain of curriculum theory.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Definitions,Curriculum Conceptions and Theories
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Conceptual Analysis,Theoretical/Conceptual Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Theory Creation and Uses

Danner, Helmut, "Human Science is Responsible," Phenomenology +Pedagogy, 4(No. 1, 1986), 32-40., Helmut Danner

Annotation: Discusses various aspects of responsibility as it impinges upon studies in human sciences.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Inquiry Guidelines
Source Discipline: Education
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Phenomenological Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Knowledge Generation

Darling-Hammond, Linda, et al., "Educational Goals and Purposes: Developing a Curricular Vision for Teaching," pp. 169-200 in Linda Darling-Hammond and John Bransford, eds., Preparing Teachers for a Changing World. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2005.*, Linda Darling-Hammond

Annotation: Posits the purposes and content of the dimension of teacher education programs that focuses on curriculum, decision-making, planning, and evaluation.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Development, Organization, Design, Curriculum Enactment and Teaching, Curriculum Proposals in Coherent Form, Curriculum as a Field of Practice and Study
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Philosophical Inquiry-Speculative Essay
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Teacher Education, Curriculum Aims and Objectives, Content Selection and Organization, Curriculum Deliberation, Programs of Study in Curriculum and Instruction

Darling-Hammond, Linda, "Instructional Policy into Practice," Education Evaluation and Policy Analysis , 12(Fall 1990), 339-347., Linda Darling-Hammond

Annotation: Explains how research on teachers' reactions to curriculum policy changes can influence policy analysis research; done in context of California's Math Framework of 1985.

Broad Topical Focus: Curriculum Policies and Policy Making, Curriculum Change
Source Discipline: Curriculum
Mode of Inquiry in the Study: Scientific/Empirical Inquiry
Type of Study: Single Study
Narrow Topic: Curriculum Frameworks, Mathematics, Curriculum Implementation, Teacher Knowledge